Wiktor Thommée

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General Thommée

Wiktor Thommée (born December 30, 1881 in Švenčionys , today Lithuania , † November 13, 1962 in Warsaw , Poland ) was a Polish brigadier general in World War II . In 1939 he was commander in chief of the “Lodz” army.


From 1887 Wiktor Thommée attended private schools in Święciany , Lida and Daugavpils and from 1895 the secondary school in St. Petersburg . In 1904 he graduated from an officers' school in St. Petersburg and was then incorporated into the 124th Infantry Regiment in Voronezh . He took part in the Japanese-Russian War , in which he was wounded twice. In 1914 he graduated from the Russian General Staff Academy. During the First World War he participated as a company commander and later of the 276 infantry regiment. In 1916 he was promoted to lieutenant colonel and fought in the ranks of the 47th Army Corps in the Romanian theater of war .

After the outbreak of the Russian Revolution he became Chief of Staff of the 4th Division (General Lucjan Żeligowski ) of the Polish legions in 1917 . In June 1919 he joined the newly formed Polish Army. During the Soviet-Polish War of 1920 he was chief of staff of the 10th Infantry Division, then successively commander of the 28th Infantry Regiment, then chief of staff of the 19th Infantry Brigade and the 10th Infantry Division. After the war he was the commander of the 20th Infantry Brigade until August 1921 and chief of staff at the IX. Corps District (DOK IX) in Brześć (Brest). In October 1922 he became first general staff officer of the III. Army inspection in Thorn. In the same year he received the rank of colonel . In 1923 he completed a higher leadership course for commanders in Warsaw. From 1924 to 1936 he was the commander of the 15th Infantry Division in Bydgoszcz . In 1924 he was promoted to brigadier general. From 1934 to 1938 he was the commander of the VII Corps District of Toruń , then until the beginning of the war he was the commander of the IV Corps District in Łódź . During the attack on Poland in 1939 he was in command of the "Piotrków" operations group, which was part of the "Armia Łódź". His troops took part in the battles at Mokra and Borowa Góra. On September 8th he took command of the "Armia Lodz", which defended the Modlin Fortress from September 13th to 29th . He was arrested on November 7, 1939 and imprisoned in the German prison camps in Colditz, Königstein, Hohenstein, Johannisbrunn, Murnau and Dössel until the end of the war. After his liberation in April 1945, he emigrated to France and Italy. He returned to Poland in November 1947 and immediately volunteered for military service, but was no longer accepted. Then he worked for some time as a caretaker and lived alternately in the cities of Toruń, Bydgoszcz and Gdynia. He died on November 13, 1962 in Warsaw and was buried in the Powązki Military Cemetery in Aleja Zasłużonych. Posthumously in 1964 he was promoted to division general.

See also

Web links

Commons : Wiktor Thommeé  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Wiktor Thommée in www.1939.pl (Polish)