William de Warenne, 5th Earl of Surrey

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Warenne coat of arms: checkered in gold and azure . This coat of arms can be found today in the third quarter of the coat of arms of the Duke of Norfolk .

William de Warenne, 5th Earl of Surrey (* 1166 ; † 1240 ) was the son of Hamelin de Warenne (Plantagenet) and Isabel , daughter of William de Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey . His father Hamelin transferred the goods from Appleby (North Lincolnshire) to him .

De Warenne was one of the participants in the coronation of King John of England on May 27, 1199. With the loss of Normandy to France in 1204, he also lost his Norman possessions (in 1202 he was still a lieutenant in Gascony), but King John compensated him with Grantham and Stamford .

His first assignment with the office of Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports is dated 1204 and lasted until 1206. Between 1208 and 1213 he was Warden of the Welsh Marches .

William was one of the few barons who remained loyal to King John (who was his cousin) in his disputes with the barons while they wanted to help the French prince to the English throne and is mentioned as one of those who advised King John Agree to Magna Charter . His loyalty to the king waned only a few times when his situation seemed hopeless.

In March 1215 he again demonstrated his loyalty to England by hitting the young King Henry III. supported; he was also jointly responsible for the establishment of Salisbury Cathedral .

Between 1200 and 1208 and from 1217 to 1226 he served as High Sheriff of Surrey . In 1214 he was reappointed Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports.


William married on October 13, 1225 Maud Marshal (* 1192, † March 27, 1248), the eldest daughter and later co-heiress of William Marshal and widow of Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk , through this marriage he received the title of Earl of Salisbury. The couple had a son and a daughter. The son John (* 1231; † 1304) followed his father as Earl; the daughter, Isabel de Warenne (* around 1228, † 1282) married Hugh d'Aubigny, 5th Earl of Arundel .

Presumably William had a previous, childless marriage with Matilda, daughter of William d'Aubigny, 2nd Earl of Arundel .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Sussex archaeological collections, relating to the history and Antiquities of the County , Vol. 35, Sussex Archaeological Society , (H. Wolff, 1887), p. 115
  2. ^ Marc Morris: The Bigod Earls of Norfolk in the thirteenth century , The Boydell Press 2005, p. 31
predecessor Office successor
unknown Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
Hubert de Burgh
Hamelin de Warenne Earl of Surrey
John de Warenne