Wolfgang Kraus (theologian)

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Wolfgang Karl Kraus (* 1955 in Würzburg ) is a Protestant theologian. He is professor for the New Testament at Saarland University .


Kraus began studying Protestant theology in 1974 at the Augustana University in Neuendettelsau and continued at the University of Heidelberg , the University of Göttingen and the University of Erlangen . In 1980 he passed his 1st theological exam of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Bavaria and in 1982 his 2nd theological exam. From 1980 to 1990 he was vicar and pastor of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Bavaria. In 1990 he received his doctorate in Erlangen. theol. and was research assistant to Jürgen Roloff at the Institute for New Testament at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg until 1994 . In 1994 he completed his habilitation in the New Testament in Erlangen. Until 1995 he was professor in Bayreuth and Jena .

From 1996 to 2004 he was a university professor (C3) at the Institute for Protestant Theology at the University of Koblenz-Landau , Koblenz department (professor for the Old and New Testaments and their didactics). Since 2004 he has held the chair for New Testament (C 4) at Saarland University.

In 2014 he received the Federal Cross of Merit on ribbon; His project to research destroyed synagogues in Europe was particularly highlighted.

Research priorities


80 scholars (including Kraus) have submitted a complete German translation and commentary on the Septuagint (the Greek Old Testament) for the first time worldwide.

The interdisciplinary cooperation between theology and cultural or human sciences is a concern of Kraus. He sees himself as part of the tradition of the European Enlightenment and, against the background of the plural culture of Europe, particularly committed to interreligious dialogue in research and teaching.

Kraus is a member of the board of directors of the ZHEUS ( Center for European Historical Research ) at Saarland University and “Research Associate” at the University of Pretoria (South Africa) and at the Institute for Septuagint and Biblical Text Research at the Church of Wuppertal. Together with Bernd Schröder he publishes the book series Cultural Basics of Europe .

Web links


  1. a b c Saarbrücker Professor for Protestant Theology receives Federal Cross of Merit on ribbon. (No longer available online.) In: evangelisch-im-saarland.de. Evangelical Church District Association An der Saar, April 10, 2014, archived from the original on July 14, 2014 ; accessed on March 2, 2019 .
  2. press release. bcj.de, Association for the Promotion of Christian-Jewish Dialogue in the Evangelical Luth. Church in Bavaria e. V., office of the meeting of Christians and Jews (BCJ.Bayern), April 17, 2014, accessed on March 2, 2019.
  3. Homepage. In: uni-saarland.de, accessed on March 3, 2019.
  4. ^ Research Associates. (No longer available online.) In: kiho-wb.de. Institute for Septuagint and Biblical Text Research at the Kirchliche Hochschule Wuppertal, archived from the original on July 30, 2014 ; Retrieved March 2, 2019 (originally accessed July 3, 2014).