Xhafer Ypi

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Xhafer Ypi (left) in 1920 with Tef Currani, Iliaz Vrioni , Selaudin Shkoza and Kristo Floqi

Xhafer Bej Ypi ( ˈdʒafɛɾ ˈbɛj ˈypi ; * 1880 in Starja , today Kolonja district ; † December 1940 ) was an Albanian politician. He was a Bektashite Muslim .


Ypi was born in the Ottoman Empire as the son of the landowner Asilan and his wife Zavalani. He graduated from Istanbul University .

From 1920 to 1921, Xhafer Bej Ypi was the Minister of the Interior and Minister of Justice of the Principality of Albania . He also held the post of Minister of Public Admission. As chairman of the People's Party , Ypi formed the Albanian government on December 24, 1921. He remained Prime Minister until December 26, 1922 and later that year he took over the Foreign Ministry .

Xhafer Bej's house in Korça

From December 2, 1922 to January 31, 1925, Xhafer Bej Ypi was a member of the High Council that served as the head of state of Albania. In June 1924 he left Albania because of the bloody revolt of Fan Noli , but formally retained his post.

During the time of Ahmet Zogu's kingdom , Xhafer Bej Ypi was the chief inspector of the royal court. The Italian occupation of Albania saw Xhafer Bey Ypi as of Liberation "from the heavy slavery of bloodthirsty Zog". After King Zogu fled, Ypi became chairman and plenipotentiary for justice of the Provisional Administrative Committee and thus incumbent head of state. From April 12th he was Minister of Justice in Shefqet Vërlaci's government. He was killed by a bomb in an air raid.


  • Owen Pearson: Albania and King Zog. Independence, republic and monarchy 1908-1939 . Ed .: Center for Albanian Studies (=  Albania in the twentieth century . Volume 1 ). London et al. 2004, ISBN 1-84511-013-7 .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Mirela Bogdani, John Loughlin: Albania and the European Union: The Tumultuous Journey Towards Integration and Accession (=  Library of European Studies ). IB Tauris, 2007, ISBN 978-1-84511-308-7 , pp. 122 ( limited preview in the Google book search): “The first Albanian political parties, in the western meaning of the word, appeared in the early 1920s, the most prominent being: the Progressive Party led by Ahmet Zogu, the People's Party led by Fan Noli, and the Popular Party led by Xhafer Ypi ... "
predecessor Office successor
Idhomene Kosturi Prime Minister of Albania in
Ahmet Zogu