The Zentralblatt für Mathematik und their border areas was founded in 1931 by Otto Neugebauer , where it competed with the yearbook on the progress of mathematics , which had been in existence since 1868 and which often appeared with a long delay. In zbMATH mainly original papers from more than 2300 mathematical journals, but also books, conference reports etc. from pure and applied mathematics and related areas such as computer science and theoretical physics are presented in many languages.
The aim of the presentations is to give the reader an overview of the current mathematical literature without having to read all the journals himself. The individual presentations are prepared by the editors or by independent scholars, occasionally the abstract of an original work is also printed or a title is given without a presentation. Most of the presentations now appear in English, rarely in German or French. The Mathematics Subject Classification is used to classify the work .
zbMATH is published by the European Mathematical Society , the Fachinformationszentrum Karlsruhe and the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and is distributed by Springer Science + Business Media . Originally it was only available in paper form, but the service is now available as paid access in electronic form via the Internet .
Other mathematical units are the Mathematical Reviews and, in the Russian-speaking area, the Referatiwnij Zhurnal Matematika . Mathematical Reviews was founded by Otto Neugebauer in 1940 after his emigration to the USA.
Neugebauer headed the Zentralblatt from Göttingen in the 1930s, while the editorial office in Berlin was with the publisher Julius Springer. The initiative came from Neugebauer, Richard Courant and Harald Bohr and the publisher Ferdinand Springer junior and it was supposed to publish faster and thus more up-to-date than the yearbook and on a broader international basis. The first editorial board included Richard Courant, Pawel Alexandrow , Julius Bartels , Wilhelm Blaschke , Hans Hahn , Godfrey Harold Hardy , Friedrich Hund , Gaston Julia , Oliver Kellogg , Hans Kienle , Tullio Levi-Civita , Rolf Nevanlinna , Hans Thirring and Bartel Leendert van der Waerden . After Jewish employees were forced out after the National Socialists came to power, Neugebauer gave up editing (as did many other employees such as Courant, Oswald Veblen , Harald Bohr, Godfrey H. Hardy) and emigrated in 1934. The editorial staff of the Zentralblatt also issued the Results of mathematics and their border areas at Springer.
In 1939, the Prussian Academy of Sciences and the German Mathematicians' Association took over the editorship and editor of both Zentralblatt and Jahrbuch, Harald Geppert under Ludwig Bieberbach . The editorial offices remained separate. The yearbook existed until 1944 (the last volume published that year covered the year 1942) and the Zentralblatt also initially ceased its publication after the war. In 1947, through collaboration between Springer and the German Academy of Sciences, founded in East Berlin in 1946, publication was resumed under the publisher Hermann Ludwig Schmid . When Schmid went to Würzburg in 1953, Erika Pannwitz took over the editing, who had worked for the yearbook since 1937 and for the Zentralblatt since 1947. When the Wall was built, the editorial office remained in Adlershof in East Berlin, while the publishing house and the publisher Pannwitz and other employees operated from West Berlin, where a second office was finally built in the Springer publishing house. In 1965, the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences began publishing. In 1969 Ulrich Güntzer succeeded Pannwitz in the west (Walter Romberg headed the office in the east). Under Güntzer and his successor Bernd Wegner (from 1974) the use of computers in the publication was expanded.
In 1977 the cooperation on the part of the GDR was ended and in the west the Berlin office was affiliated to the Specialized Information Center for Energy, Physics, Mathematics in Karlsruhe ( Specialized Information Center Karlsruhe ) founded in 1979 . After the fall of the Wall in 1990, colleagues from the former GDR came back to work. From 1999 the European Mathematicians Association was included in the publication. In 1990 a CD-Rom edition (CompactMath) was published and in 1996 Internet access was created (MATH and later zbMath). The contents of the Crelle Journal , which has existed since 1826, and the yearbook were also entered into the database .