United Hörder coal mine
|United Hörder coal mine|
|General information about the mine|
Commemorative plaque for the United Hörder coal mine
|Information about the mining company|
|Start of operation||1877|
|End of operation||1925|
|Funded raw materials|
|Degradation of||Hard coal|
|Independent city ( NUTS3 )||Dortmund|
|country||State of North Rhine-Westphalia|
In order to make itself as independent as possible of the market conditions when purchasing fuel, the Hörder Bergwerks- und Hütten-Verein acquired a number of mine fields at Brackel and Asseln from 1854 , which were consolidated under the name Hörder Kohlenwerk in 1859 .
Immediately after the acquisition, two were in Brackel civil engineering bays for the promotion and the dewatering drilled . The mine was later named Schleswig . At a depth of 197 m, coal mining could begin in 1859. In 1860 ropeway was set up in the Schleswig I / II shafts . Initially, the coal was only shipped to the Hermannshütte , in later years it was also used in the Hörder Verein's blast furnace.
Because of the increasing demand, a new shaft was sunk in Asseln from 1874. In 1877 mining began on the Holstein I shaft , above which an iron headframe was erected in 1892 . Both mines were expanded further and its deepest sole (m Schleswig at a depth of 540 Holstein 510 m) through a 1.8 km long straightening path connected. In 1913, the Hörder coal works achieved the highest annual output with 627,581 t .
On September 16, 1924, when the mining dump was being removed from the Schleswig colliery, a gas explosion occurred in which eleven workers were killed. The closure of the Schleswig colliery (July 15, 1925) and the Holstein colliery (August 1, 1928) meant the end of the United Hörder coal works.
The entrance portal, the brine bathhouse (both on Neuhammerweg) and the “Am Knie” mining officials' settlement are still preserved today from the Schleswig colliery. The former mining dump of the Schleswig shaft was later used to store slag from the Phoenix-West blast furnace operated by Hoesch AG and was in operation as an industrial landfill until the end of 2007. Since then, the landmark, which is clearly visible from the south, has been developed into a leisure landscape with bike and footpaths in a project initiated by the current owner, ThyssenKruppSteel, by 2011. The gatehouse (Donnerstrasse / corner of Briefsweg) and the Holstein colony are still preserved from the Holstein colliery . The former horse stable, the smithy and a transformer house are still on the mine site. The former medical center still stands in front of the bathhouse.
- Wilhelm Hermann, Gertrude Hermann: The old mines on the Ruhr. 6th edition, updated by Christiane Syré and Hans-Curt Köster. Langewiesche, Königstein im Taunus 2007, ISBN 3-7845-6994-3 .
- Phoenix Actien-Gesellschaft für Bergbau und Metallbetrieb 1852–1912 , memorandum for the 60th anniversary of the company. Hörde 1912