|Cyrillic ( Belarusian )|
The use of the respective script was related to the religious affiliation of the Belarusian people. The Belarusian people have been Orthodox since the times of the Kievan Rus and used the Cyrillic alphabet typical of the Old East Slavonic, which goes back to the Orthodox Slav apostles Cyril and Method . With the forced missioning of the western Belarusian areas under Polish rule to Catholicism , the first documents of the Belarusian language written in Latin were published (see also History of Belarus ). The first works of modern Belarusian literature and the first Belarusian magazines also appeared in Latin script in the 19th century. Many features that are typical of modern Belarusian Cyrillic orthography first appeared in the Łacinka (consistent phonetic spelling, the letter ŭ / ў, etc.).
With the spread of the Russian language and thus the Cyrillic alphabet, Belarusian journalists partly switched back to the Cyrillic alphabet at the beginning of the 20th century.
In the 1920s and 1930s, there was heated discussion in Belarusian philological circles about a possible switch to the Latin alphabet. The discussion was ended by the communist repression and the Soviet russification policy - the use of the Łacinka was designated as counterrevolutionary and prohibited in the Soviet Republic of Belarus . The Latin alphabet remained in use in what was then Polish western Belarus (until the forced unification with the Soviet Republic as a result of the German-Soviet non-aggression pact in 1939), as well as among emigrants in the USA , Canada , Australia , etc.
Today the Łacinka is mainly used by active Belarusian speakers, especially on the Internet.
An official system for transcribing Belarusian names, very close to Łacinka, was introduced on November 23, 2000 by the State Committee for Land, Geodesy and Cartography . The main difference is in the application of the rule of rendering the softness of consonants to the letter Ll : as with Nn - Ńń , Cc - Ćć , ль is also represented by Ĺĺ . In front of vowels, this sound is represented by the two-letter combination Li (as with ni , ci etc.). The letter Łł is missing in the official system and has been replaced by a simple Ll .
However, this official system only returned to public awareness in 2012 with new signposts and signs for the Minsk Metro.
Mahutny Boža , a religious hymn from Belarus (text: Natalla Arseńnieva, music: Mikola Ravenski)
- Belarusian “Lacinka” (English)
- Keyboard Lithuaniae 1009–2009 i Litwinska-biełaruskaja lacinskaja abeceda (Belarusian)
- with double "л" the position of the second determines the transcription of both consonants, e.g. B. Ната лля = Nata lla .