Adam Günther

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Adam Günther (born February 26, 1862 in Koblenz ; † April 25, 1940 ibid) was a German urban engineering technician, archaeologist and museum director in Koblenz.


After attending the royal high school in Neuwied , Günther turned to building. In 1888 he began his service as an assistant and representative of the city building council in the city building department, where he worked until 1920, finally as director. Koblenz experienced a building boom during Günther's work. Large parts of the Prussian city ​​fortifications , the Koblenz Fortress , were laid down and an extensive city ​​expansion to the south and west ( gold mine and Rauental ) was sought. Numerous archaeological sites were uncovered, but many of them were destroyed without being observed.

Even before the turn of the century, Adam Günther had a great interest in local history, but in particular archaeological research, and gradually became one of the first authorities in the field of monument preservation in Koblenz. From 1908 onwards, as director of the civil engineering department, he observed and documented the implementation of urban construction measures, such as urban expansion and extensive sewerage work, findings and finds. He also observed the excavations on private construction sites whenever possible. In this way, a large number, especially Roman finds from the Koblenz city area could be saved from destruction. The finds were initially kept in the city building department. Later they were transferred to the newly founded museum of the "Kunst-, Kunstgewerbe- und Altertumsverein im Schöffenhaus . From 1921 the antiquity collection was presented anew in the new museum in the electoral palace . Günther was appointed full-time museum director by the city administration after having worked for the construction of an archaeological collection in Koblenz had begun.During the air raids on Koblenz in World War II , most of the palace and with it most of the Koblenz collections were destroyed.

Adam Günther's merit lies primarily in the inclusion of prehistoric and early historical , provincial Roman as well as medieval soil and architectural monuments. His research on the Roman settlement of Koblenz now forms the state of research on the ancient Confluentes , which has only been supplemented in small parts since then. But Günther also dealt with the archaeological traces beyond the city limits, for example in the Neuwied Basin and the entire area around Koblenz.

Fonts (selection)

  • Roman road and milestone with an inscription on it. Bonner Jahrbücher 103, 1898, p. 167 f. ( Digitized volume 103 )
  • Augustan burial ground near Koblenz-Neuendorf. Bonner Jahrbücher 107, 1901, pp. 73–94. ( Digitized volume 107 )
  • Prehistoric settlements at the Jägerhaus near Urmitz. Bonner Jahrbücher 110, 1903, p. 39 ff .; Bonner Jahrbücher 119, 1910, pp. 335 ff.
  • Paleolithic sites in the loess near Koblenz. Bonner Jahrbücher 116, 1907, pp. 344–362. ( Digitized volume 116 )
  • The museum of the arts, crafts and antiquity association for the Coblenz administrative district. Mannus 1, 1909, pp. 294-298.
  • On the origin and settlement history of the Neuwied Basin. Mannus 2, 1910, p. 33 ff .; Mannus 3, 1911, p. 1 ff.
  • Cremation graves of the Younger Bronze Age in Metternich near Koblenz. Bonner Jahrbücher 119, 1910, pp. 355 ff.
  • To the topography of the oldest Coblenz. Journal for local history of Coblenz and the surrounding area, 1920. ( Digitalisat, )
  • Confluentes - The Roman Koblenz. Germany's urban development 1922, 2nd edition 1925, pp. 7–13.
  • Volcanic activity and ice age in the eastern Eifel foothills between the Moselle and Vinxtbach. The Ice Age 1, 1924.
  • From the history of a Rhenish local museum. Koblenz Museum and City Palace Museum. Mannus 18, 1926, pp. 142-156.
  • A burial ground and settlements from the older Laténe and late Hallstatt periods from the area around Koblenz. Mannus 22, 1930, p. 97 ff.
  • The Roman Koblenz. In: Der Burgwart XXIX, H. 5/6, 1928, pp. 81–86.
  • Roman land knife instrument from Koblenz. Germania 15, 1931, p. 271 f.
  • Barrows near Rhens-Waldesch and burial mounds in the Koblenz city forest. Mannus 24, 1932, p. 364 ff.
  • Merovingian grave finds from Mülheim, district of Koblenz. Germania 17, 1933, pp. 205 ff.
  • Find reports from the city and district of Koblenz, especially: Gallic car burial near Kärlich. News sheet for Rhenish home care IV, 1932/33, 282-88.
  • Archaeological finds during the construction of the Moselle bridge. News sheet for Rhenish home care V, 1933/34, p. 232.
  • Gallic wagon graves in the Neuwied Basin area. Germania 18, 1934, p. 8 ff.
  • Roman Koblenz. Bonner Jahrbücher 142, 1937, pp. 35–76.
  • posthumous: Roman Rhine bridge between Koblenz and Ehrenbreitstein. Bonner Jahrbücher 145, 1940, pp. 71–79.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Rudolf Stampfuß : Adam Günther (†) . Mannus 32, 1940, 340–343 ( p. 340 in the Google book search)
  2. One of the main works is undoubtedly: The Roman Koblenz. Bonner Jahrbücher 142, 1937, 35–76.