Almudena Cathedral

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The Almudena Cathedral
Cathedral, in front of the Royal Palace
View of the altar and main nave

Santa María la Real de La Almudena is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Madrid ( Spain ).


The first plans for the construction of a new church, which one wanted to dedicate to St. Mary of the Almudena (from Arabic al-mudayna , citadel; a title of the Mother of God Mary as the city ​​patroness of Madrid), emerged as early as the 16th century. However, construction of the cathedral did not begin until the 19th century and was only finished in 1993. In that year the cathedral was consecrated by Pope John Paul II and at the same time elevated to the status of episcopal church of the Archdiocese of Madrid (from the foundation of the diocese in 1885, the Colegiata de San Isidro had initially served as a temporary cathedral).

Although the church was started in the neo-Gothic style , the cathedral was eventually built in the neoclassic style to match the style of the adjacent royal palace . The interior of the Almudena Cathedral is uniquely modern, with a “Pop Art” decor, designed by the icon painter Kiko Argüello .

On May 22nd, 2004 the first royal wedding took place in the cathedral with the wedding of Crown Prince Felipe of Spain and Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano .

On February 7, 2013, a bomb attack on the cathedral was prevented after a clergyman found an explosive device near a confessional. The cathedral was then cleared and cordoned off in large areas before the explosive device could be defused.


Painting of the crossing dome
Shrine of St. Isidoro

The cathedral is built in the shape of a Latin cross, consisting of the central nave, flanked by two side aisles, which continues into the choir, which is surrounded by an ambulatory, to which a wreath of five chapels adjoins. In contrast to the external appearance, which is dominated by neoclassical and baroque style elements, the interior is largely built in the neo-Gothic style. Most of the furnishings are also neo-Gothic.

In the south transept is the altar of the Virgen de la Almudena , the patroness of Madrid. The middle chapel is dedicated to St. Isidoro Labrador and his wife, St. María de la Cabeza , whose portraits in the 17th / 18th centuries. Century by the sculptor Juan Villabrille y Ron. They flank a sarcophagus from the 13th century, in which the bones of the saint were kept for a while. The sarcophagus is painted with various scenes from the lives of the saints. Maria de las Mercedes d'Orléans-Montpensier , Queen of Spain, has also been buried in the Almudena Cathedral since 2000 .

The chapels flanking the nave to the left and right are dedicated to contemporary saints, including a. the Opus Dei founder Josemaría Escrivá de Balaguer , the holy priest Pedro Poveda , the founder of the order Maria Josepha Sancho or the Carmelite Maravillas de Jesús . All chapels are decorated in a contemporary style.

Also of particular importance are the cathedral windows, especially the apse, which were completed in 2004.


Grenzing organ

The organ was built in 1999 by the organ builder Gerhard Grenzing (El Papiol, Barcelona). The instrument has 70 stops on four manuals and a pedal . The organ case is designed based on the work principle; With the exception of the swell , the individual organ works are also visible in the prospectus . The Rückpositiv is not located directly in the organist's back, but is distributed over two small housings, each of which is located on the side of the console. One of the special features of the instrument is the large-sized trumpet or solo movement, which, in addition to the typical Spanish trumpets based on the classic Iberian organ building tradition, also has other registers in the iSe solo movements. The game actions (hanging actions) are mechanical.

I Rückpositiv Ca 3
1. Flautado 08th'
2. Tapado 08th'
3. Quintatón 08th'
4th Flauta Travesera 0 08th'
5. Octava 04 ′
6th Tapadillo 04 ′
7th Nazardo 12 a 02 23
8th. Quincena 02 ′
9. Flauta Silvestre 02 ′
10. Nazardo 17 a 01 35
11. Nazardo 19 a 01 13
12. Churumbela II
13. Lleno IV
14th Címbala III
15th Serpenton 16 ′
16. Cromorno 08th'
II main work Ca 3
17th Flautado Mayor 16 ′
18th Flautado 08th'
19th Flauta Chiminea 08th'
20th Flauta Armonica 08th'
21st Octava 04 ′
22nd Docena 02 23
23. Quincena 02 ′
24. Lleno VI
25th Címbala IV
26th Trompeta Mayor 0 16 ′
27. Trompeta Real 08th'
III Swell approx 3
28. Violón Mayor 16 ′
29 Flautado Tapado 08th'
30th Gamba 08th'
31. Onda Marina 08th'
32. viola 08th'
33. Octava 04 ′
34. Flauta Travesera 04 ′
35. 17 a Mayor 03 15
36. Nazardo 12 a 02 23
37. Quincena 02 ′
38. Pífano 02 ′
39. Nazardo 17 a 01 35
40. Séptima 01 17
41. Cipher 01'
42. Lleno IV
43. Tercerilla III
44. Bassoon 16 ′
45. Trompeta Armonica 0 08th'
46. oboe 08th'
47. Voz Humana 08th'
48. Clarín Campaña 04 ′
IV Trompetería Ca 3
49. Trompeta Magna 16 ′
50. Trompeta Batalla 0 08th'
51. Clarín 08th'
52. Orlos 08th'
53. Bayoncillo 04 ′
54. Violeta 02 ′
55. Corneta VI
56. Violón 08th'
57. Flauta Dulce 04 ′

Pedal Cg 1
58. Grave 32 ′
59. Cons 16 ′
60. Subbajo 16 ′
61. Flautado 08th'
62. Bajo Cónico 08th'
63. Octava 04 ′
64. Corno 02 ′
65. Compuestas III0
66. Lleno V
67. Contra Bombarda 0 32 ′
68. Bombarda 16 ′
69. Trompeta 08th'
70. Clarín 04 ′
  • Coupling: I / II, III / I, III / II, IV / II, III 16 ′ / II, I / P, II / P, III / P, IV / P, IV 4 ′ / P


A total of 21 bells hang in the two towers of the cathedral.

In the wall openings of the east and west towers hang 4 bells each  , which are rung in a rollover procedure. The (larger) bells in the west tower were cast in 1998 by the bell foundry Ocampo (Arcos de Condesa), the (smaller) bells in the east tower were cast by the bell caster Quintana (Saldana) in 2003-2004.

Casting year
(16th note)
1 Benedicta Quintana, Campanas
2003 105 670 f sharp 1 east
2 Ancilla Domini 117 927 it 1 east
3 Magnificat 131 1302 it 1 east
4th Gratia Plena 2004 140 1589 of the 1st east
5 Santa Maria de la Flor de Lis Ocampo, Artesanos Campaneroas
(Arcos de Condesa)
1998 138 1522 it 1 west
6th Santa María de Atocha 140 1589 e 1 west
7th Santa Maria de la Paloma 146 1802 h 0 west
8th Santa Maria la Real de la Almudena 155 2156 b 0 west

Inside the east tower hangs a 13-part carillon that was cast in 2003 by the bell caster Quintana (Saldana). The bells weigh between 37 and 579 kg; their diameters are between 40 and 100 cm. It has the beat notes c 1 - c 2 .

Individual evidence

  1. on February 7, 2013
  2. Information on the design and furnishings of the cathedral ( Memento from August 12, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) (Spanish)
  3. To the disposition
  4. More information on the conception of the organ .
  5. More information about the bells
  6. More information about the individual bells

Web links

Commons : Almudena Cathedral  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Coordinates: 40 ° 24 ′ 56 "  N , 3 ° 42 ′ 52"  W.