Alvaro Pascual-Leone

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Alvaro Pascual-Leone (born August 7, 1961 in Valencia , Spain ) is a Spanish professor of neurology at Harvard Medical School . As one of the leading brain researchers , he was able to prove that free will can be influenced by physical stimuli.

Pascual-Leone studied medicine and neurophysiology at the Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg . He then worked at the University of Minnesota and for the US National Institutes of Health . Since 1997 Pascual-Leone has been director of the Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation (CNBS) and liaison director of the General Clinical Research Center of the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston .

He lives in Wayland , Massachusetts with his wife Elizabeth and three children.


In 2000 he received the Daniel D. Federman Outstanding Clinical Educator Award . In 2007 he was awarded the Jean Louis Signoret Prize .


  • Pascual-Leone A .: The Brain that Plays Music and is Changed by It . In, Zatorre R and Peretz I (ed) Music and the Brain. New York Academy of Sciences (2001).
  • Pascual-Leone A., Hamilton R .: The Metamodal Organization of the Brain . In, Casanova C. and Ptito M. (Eds): Vision: From neurons to cognition, Progr. Brain Res. Vol 134: 427-445 (2001)
  • Pascual-Leone A., Amedi A., Fregni F., Merabet L .: The plastic human brain cortex . Ann Rev Neurosci 28: 377-401 (2005)

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