Annales mosellani

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The Annales mosellani (or mosellenses , abbreviated to AM) are part of the Reichsannalen of the Frankish Empire ; they cover the years 703 to 798, are short and non-literary, but have a wide range and are considered reliable.

Johann Martin Lappenberg discovered the annals in a manuscript in the Russian National Library in Saint Petersburg and published them in 1859 for the Monumenta Germaniae Historica . He determined the origin of the upper Moselle basin , to which the annals constantly refer, and named it accordingly. Wilhelm von Giesebrecht later proposed to assign them to the Irish Scottish community , which had been established by Pippin the Middle in the St. Martin monastery in Cologne . A marginal note referring to the Domesday Book (1086) on folio 81 sets the date of origin of the manuscript, which is the only surviving copy of the annals, to the late 11th or early 12th century and northern France as the place of origin.

The text of the Annales mosellani up to and including the year 785 is identical to that of the Annales laureshamenses ( Lorsch Annals ), which also begin in 703, and the Fragmentum chesnii , which begins in 768. The first half of the entry for 786 is identical in the Annales laureshamenses and the Fragmentum chesnii , but is missing in the Annales mosellani , which does not include the whole of 786. As a consequence, all further entries in the Annales mosellani have been moved forward by one year. Presumably, all three compilations come from the same manuscript, which was created in 785 in Lorsch Abbey , although a later version was available for the Annales laureshamenses and the Fragmentum chesnii , which already contained brief information on the first half of 786. Heinrich Fichtenau, however, assumes that the Annales mosellani are based on the Annales laureshamenses .

The information in the Annales mosellani is not limited to the Franconian Empire. In 713 they mention the deaths of Abbess Ælfflæd of Whitby and of King Ealdwulf of East Anglia . The information is also contained in the Annales laureshamenses, Annales alemannici , Annales nazariani, and Annales guelferbytani , the only sources for Ealdwulf's death. It is possible that Whitby Abbey reported the news of the death and that Ealdwulf's mother Hereswith, who had retired to Chelles Abbey , received the report.



  • Roger Collins, Charlemagne's Imperial Coronation and the Annals of Lorsch , pp. 52-70, in: Joanna Story (ed.), Charlemagne: Empire and Society, Manchester 2005, Manchester University Press.
  • Thomas Hodgkin, Italy and Her Invaders, Volume VIII, Oxford 1895, Clarendon Press.
  • Rosamond McKitterick , History and Memory in the Carolingian World, Cambridge 2004, Cambridge University Press.
  • Joanna Story, The Frankish Annals of Lindisfarne and Kent , in: Mark Blackburn, Malcolm Godden, Simon Keynes (eds.) Anglo-Saxon England, 34, pp. 59-110. 2007, Cambridge University Press.


  1. Lat. O. v. IV. 1, 65v-72v
  2. Hodgkin, p. 90
  3. Collins, p. 56; Lappenberg had already noticed the reference to the Domesday Book
  4. Collins, pp. 56-58
  5. McKitterick, p. 108
  6. "mors Alflidae et Halidulfi regis"