Anne Dacier

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Anne Dacier

Anne Dacier, born Le Fèvre (born August 5, 1647 in Preuilly-sur-Claise , Saumur , † August 17, 1720 in Paris ) was a French translator and writer of Huguenot descent.


Dacier was the daughter of the humanist Tanneguy Le Fèvre . She married around 1670 and became a widow very shortly afterwards. She returned to her father and met the Protestant André Dacier in his lectures . When her father died in 1672, she went to Paris ad usum Delphini at the invitation of the editor of the classic editions .

In 1683 she married André Dacier and they settled in his hometown Castres the following year . Significantly influenced by the theologian Eusèbe Renaudot , the Dacier couple converted to the Catholic faith in 1685. It was during this time that Dacier's collaboration with Jean Chapelain began , to whom she helped, among other things, with his classic edition. Over time, their translations were also published here. They are always characterized by precise introductions and comments. Dacier's work included classics such as Anacreon , Aristophanes , Titus Maccius Plautus , Publius Terentius Afer and Homer , but she also translated Florus , Sappho , Hippocrates and Eutropius .

In the Querelle des Anciens et des Modernes she was involved on the side of the classics when she defended Homer's inviolability against her friend Antoine Houdar de la Motte in 1714 . This dispute was ended in 1715 by Claude Buffier , who in his work Homère en arbitrage affirmed both sides and brought them together in the common adoration of Homer. It may be interesting to learn that Dacier and La Motte did not get to know each other personally until April 5, 1716 at a reception given by the scientist Jean-Baptiste-Henri de Valincour , where a toast to Homer is said to have been made as the highlight of this meeting.

Anne Dacier died in Paris on August 17, 1720 at the age of 66.

Translations (selection)



  • Edmond Cary: Les grands traducteurs français . Georg, Geneva 1963.
  • Enrica Malcovati : Madame Dacier . Sansoni, Florence 1952.
  • Paul Mazon: Mme Dacier et les traductions d'Homère en France . Clarendon, Oxford 1936.
  • Giovanni S. Santangelo: Madame Dacier, una filologa nella "crisi" . In: Biblioteca di cultura . Volume 255, Bulzoni, Rome 1984.

Web links

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