Arab (horse)

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Syrian Arab, 1893

Syrian Arab, 1893

Important data
Origin: Middle East, Arabian Peninsula
Main breeding area: mainly Europe and North America but also the Orient, North Africa and Turkey
Distribution: worldwide
Stick measure : 150+ for stallions in the stallion book I,
148+ for mares in the stud book I.
Colors : all colors are allowed
Main application area: Sport, riding and utility horse, distance horse

The term Arab is an umbrella term for horses that are of Arab origin in appearance and origin, regardless of whether they are recognized by the World Arabian Horse Organization or not.

In a narrower sense, the term describes a separate breed group within the Arabian horses. Horses whose blood is not pure enough to be considered thoroughbred Arabs , but whose proportion of foreign blood is too low to be assigned to one of the three other breeds ( Shagya Arabs , Anglo-Arabs or Arab half-blood ) are classified into the Arabian breed group to become. The stud book of the Arabian breed is kept in Germany by the Association of Breeders and Friends of the Arabian Horse VZAP and the Breeding Association for Sport Horses of Arab Descent ZSAA.


Each division of the Arabian horses has different body characteristics, which, depending on the breeding goal, the proportion of Arab thoroughbred, come closer or less to those of the Arabian thoroughbred.

The Arabian breed group has no special breeding goal, which is why there are no consolidated exterior and interior features to be found here. However, since representatives of this race group are often higher in blood than those of the other race groups, the characteristics often show similarities with those of the Arabian thoroughbred. These are described in the article on the Arabian thoroughbred .

Arabs are often very temperamental. They are very popular for trail riding or long distance rides due to their willingness to work and their hardness. Arabs tolerate high temperatures and high humidity and were bred for endurance performance. The history of the Arabian horses explains their success: for centuries they were the beduins' riding animals, lived in hot climates, moved on difficult terrain and had to cover long distances with scarce rations. Arabs naturally have indestructible legs and are extremely enduring.


Representatives of the Arabian race group include: B .:

  • Hungarian Arabian that do not the group of Shagya can be assigned
  • Arab horses from Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey, whose ancestry is not fully documented
  • Arabian horses from Egypt who are not in because of unclear origin WAHO registered
  • Individual horses of the Russian Tersker breeds, which are assigned to different breed groups due to a special position in Germany
  • Arab horses whose origin cannot be clearly established due to the loss of the papers (e.g. due to the chaos of war)
  • Offspring of the mare Nigra Zscheiplitz from the prewar stud in Röblingen , mainly from the former GDR population. After these horses as Arabians were performed, a regrouping in the racial group was after the detection of low blood foreign shares Arabs made.
  • Color breeding with a percentage of Arab whole blood of over 90%. The Arab Pintos (Pintabians) are a separate breed. Pintabians must have over 99% Arabs.

See also

Web links

Commons : Arabian horse  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. VZAP's statutes and breeding book regulations , as of April 4, 2009, page 44
  2. a b Breed description of the VZAP
  3. Arab Breeding Association for Sport Horses of Arab Descent eV (ZSAA)
  4. ^ Pintabian Horse Registry, Inc. (PHRI)