A gray stallion of the Anglo-Arabian breed
|Origin:||France and Poland|
|Main breeding area:||France , Poland and England|
|Stick measure :||155–165 cm in section 1, deviations up and down are also possible|
|Main application area:||Sport horse, refiner breed, race horse|
The Anglo-Arab - also known as Malopolski in Poland - is a breed of horse that has been bred for about 150 years, especially in the south of France, Poland and England, and is a cross between English thoroughbred and Arabian breeds .
The Anglo-Arab is bred as a "noble sport horse" with the aim of combining the advantages of both original breeds.
The head sits on a well-shaped neck, which arises from a sloping and long shoulder. The withers are clearly set off and merge into a strong, short back. The trunk is narrow and deep, the hindquarters well angled and muscled. The croup is slightly sloping and turns into a carried tail. The foundation is dry, the joints are very clear. The hooves are small and hard.
The Anglo-Arab is bred for performance and therefore sometimes has minor positional errors. However, the gaits are always expansive and flat, and the galloping and jumping ability are pronounced.
Meetings are held regularly every year at which horse races are held to assess the performance of the horses bred. The Anglo-Arab is a versatile riding horse. He is robust, resilient and is characterized in all disciplines by a pronounced willingness to perform. He shows his strengths especially in eventing. He has helped many riders to get medals at the Olympic Games and World Championships.
As a result of wars and trade relations with the Moors living in Spain, oriental horses were imported into the south of France early on. The crusaders also brought more horses into the country from their campaigns in the Near East . Finally, Napoleon's predilection for Arab stallions as lifeboats led to the promotion of breeding by stationing the stallions captured in Egypt at the Pompadour stud .
The Palatinate Duke Christian IV ran a successful Anglo-Arabian breed early on in Zweibrücken . Through horses captured there, the director of Pompadour at the time - Eugène Gayot , who was appointed General Inspector of all French studs from 1847 - came to realize the advantages of crossbreeding between Arabian and English thoroughbreds and then founded French Anglo-Arabian breeding on a large scale . Even then, the goal was to merge the advantages of both original breeds to create a high-class and fast sport horse.
Only Anglo-Arabs, Arabs and English thoroughbreds are permitted for breeding. The animals registered in the Anglo-Arabian studbook must have at least 25% Arab ancestors in the fourth line of ancestry, whereby the Shagya Arabs are recognized in addition to the Arabian thoroughbred . The riding horses among the Anglo-Arabs very often have up to 75% Arab ancestry, while the Anglo-Arabian racehorses for the most part are descended from English thoroughbreds. Good stallions are sought after as refiners in many breeds, especially European warmblood breeds, to which they pass on enamel and hardness.
Particular fame achieved z. B. the stallion Nana Sahib (born 1900) used in Trakehner breeding and the stallion Inschallah (born 1968) used in Oldenburg . In addition, there is an Anglo-Arab breed in Poland, the Malopolski , from which z. B. Ramzes (born 1937), famous in the equestrian world, emerged. In addition to these, there is also the jumping sire Matcho , who was used a lot in warmblood breeding. In addition, there are many other excellent stallions that are listed under the Anglo- Arabian breed name by the VZAP ( Association of Breeders and Friends of the Arabian Horse ) or the ZSAA ( Breeding Association for Sport Horses of Arab Descent ).
The Anglo-Arabian Thoroughbred ( AAV ) is a subgroup of the Anglo-Arab horse breed, they are also listed as Section 1. Anglo-Arabs.
Contrary to the breed definition of the Anglo-Arab, the Anglo-Arab thoroughbred is defined by the fact that its ancestors were exclusively Arab thoroughbreds or English thoroughbreds or, in turn, only descended from these. Any form of foreign blood is not permitted for the designation AAV. Today there are few horses of this breed group that have been preserved in pure breeding for several generations, since in most cases Shagya blood was included , which have a stronger physique compared to the Arabian Thoroughbreds and thus come closer to the breeding goal of an Anglo-Arab. In France there are the largest stocks of the Anglo-Arabian thoroughbred, as the breed has its origin there and accordingly a lot of emphasis was placed on pure breeding.
- Hossein Amirsadeghi: The Arabian Horse. Myths and Legends. History and stud farms. Munich; Vienna; Zurich: blv, 1999. ISBN 3-405-15677-7
- Susanne Spottke: Arabian horses , Müller Rüschlikon, ISBN 978-3-275-01325-8