List of horse breeds

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The list of horse breeds is based on automatically extracted article components of the listed articles about breeds of domestic horses (Equus ferus caballus). The authors can be found in the version history of the respective article.


race description image Brief information
Abaco wild horse The Abaco wild horse is a breed of horse that lived in the Bahamas and the Dominican Republic. The population was exterminated except for three copies in the middle of the 20th century. The breed has been considered extinct since 2015.

Origin : Bahamas , Dominican Republic
spreading : very low
Height : 150 cm
colors : all colors, often dappled

Abyssinian The Abyssinian is a breed of small horses bred in Ethiopia.

Origin : Ethiopia
Breeding area : Ethiopia
Distribution : low
Height : approx. 138 cm
Application area : Riding and pack horse

Akhal-Teke The Akhal-Teke horse (Turkmen Ahal-teke aty , Russian Ахалтекинская лошадь ; also Akhal-Teke horse ) is one of the oldest horse breeds in the world. Due to its isolation on desert oases and the arid desert climate geared towards extreme hardness, it is particularly suitable for difficult distance stretches.

Origin : Turkmenistan
Breeding area : Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan
Height : 150–160 cm
Colors : foxes, duns, browns, black horses, gray Area of
application : horse racing and endurance riding

Aegidienberger The Aegidienberger is a new breed of horse founded in 1981 by Walter Feldmann Senior and Walter Feldmann Junior, which emerged from a targeted crossing of Icelanders and Paso Peruano.

Origin : Aegidienberg , 1981
Breeding area : Germany, NRW
distribution : Germany and neighboring countries
Height : 143-152 cm
colors : all colors
Application : Sports and Recreation

Ainos wild horse
Albanians The Albanian , also known as the Mysekaya horse , is a small horse from Albania.
Bjeshkët e Kallabakut (cropped) .JPG

Origin : Albania
breeding region : Albania
distribution : Albania
Height : 130-145 cm
colors : all colors
Application : supporting, riding and draft horse

Altai The Altai horse (also Altai pony ) is a small, robust mountain pony . Due to its enormous load capacity (up to 160 kg) and the surefootedness in the mountains, it is a valued and indispensable load carrier in its home.
SB - Altai man in national suit on horse.jpg
Origin : Russia

Breeding area : Altai Mountains between the rivers Volga and Ural
Distribution : Altai Mountains
Height : 135–140 cm
Colors : gray, fox, brown, tiger piebald, rarely blacks Area of
application : porter, riding horse

Old Real The Altér-Real is a Portuguese horse breed that was founded by the Bragança dynasty.
APASSIONATA - Time for Dreams - Freiheitsdressur.jpg

Origin : Portugal
breed area : Portugal
spread : Portugal
Height : 152-162 cm
Color : Brown, foxes, mold
Application : High school

American Bashkir Curly Horse The American Bashkir Curly Horse - also short Curly Horse - is a North American horse breed. The curly top and long hair are characteristic, for which a dominant "curly gene" is responsible.

Origin : USA, Nevada
breeding area : USA, Canada
proliferation : North America, Germany, Austria
Height : 140-165 cm
Colors : All
application : Sporthorse, Western, Allergy-horse

American Cream Draft Horse The American Cream Draft Horse is the only draft horse breed from the USA and is named for its cream-colored fur.
Draft horse.jpg

Origin : USA
Breeding area : USA
Distribution : rarely
Height : 152–170 cm
Colors : Cream (Champagne) Area of
application : Field work, driving

American Miniature Horse American Miniature Horse (English " American Miniature Horse ") - also short Miniature Horse - is a horse breed from the USA.

Origin : Europe
Breeding area : USA
Distribution : North America and Europe
Height : at most 86.5 cm (34 inches)
Colors : all
Area of ​​use : Driving horse, therapy horse

American Quarter Horse The American Quarter Horse (also Quarter Horse ) is numerically the largest horse breed in the world with over 4.6 million registered horses.

Origin : USA, 18th Century
breeding region : USA
spread : spread worldwide
Height : 142-165 cm
Colors : all colors except piebald
application : Western riding

American Saddlebred The American Saddlebred , or American Saddle Horse , (formerly also known as the Kentucky Saddler ) is a gaited horse and the most famous show horse in the USA. Originally intended as a practical all-rounder, today it is mainly bred for shows, with great emphasis on the brilliance of the presentation.
American Saddlebred8.jpg

Origin : USA
Breeding Area : USA, Canada, South Africa
distribution : Mainly in the breeding areas
Height : 151-163 cm
Colors : usually foxes and brown
Application : driving, riding and horse show

American Shetland pony The American Shetland pony or American Shetland pony is an American pony breed that goes back to the Shetland pony and is now divided into the groups Classic American Shetland and Modern American Shetland .

Origin : USA
Breeding area : USA
Height : up to 111.8 cm
Colors : all except tiger peaks Area of
application : Child riding and driving

American Standardbred The American Standardbred - also short Standardbred - or American Trotter is an American horse breed and is today the most important trotter breed worldwide in terms of performance.
Sioux's Winter Coat.jpg

Origin : USA
Breeding Area : Eastern US specifically Kentucky, Canada
distribution : worldwide
Height : 150-165 cm
Colors : usually brown, fox and sable
application : Horse racing, leisure riding, gaited horse

American walking pony The American Walking Pony is a relatively new breed that emerged from the crossing of the Tennessee Walking Horse and the Welsh Pony. It has two special gaits: the Pleasure Walk and the Merry Walk - both fast four-stroke gears.

Origin : USA
Breeding area : USA
Distribution : mainly USA
Height : maximum 142 cm
Area of ​​application : Riding and driving horse

American Warmblood The American Warmblood is a horse of the warmblood type, which is mostly intended for the traditional sport horse disciplines dressage, show jumping, eventing and driving competitions.
AWS Rock's Anne 2yrs cropped.jpg
Anadolu (Anatolian) As Anadolu is known horse breeds that originate from areas of Anatolia in Turkey. Both the east and south-east Anadolu, as well as the central Anadolu emerged from the already extinct Anatolian horse. The Anadolu breed has been around for more than 1000 years.
Turkey-1410 (2215838257) .jpg

Origin : Turkey
Breeding area : Turkey
distribution : mainly Turkey
Height : 132-142 cm
Application : riding and Saumpferd

Andalusians All Iberian horse breeds bred in Spain with the exception of ponies and cold-blooded horses are commonly referred to as Andalusians , but in the narrower sense only the horses of the so-called "Pure Spanish Breed" ( Pura Raza Española , PRE for short).
Andalusian 3 - galloping.jpg

Origin : Spain
Breeding area : Spain, especially in the south-east
Distribution : worldwide
Height : 155–162 cm
Colors : Very often gray, next to it dun, brown, black horse, occasionally foxes Area of
use : riding horse up to high school, breeding

Anglo-Arabs The Anglo-Arabian - also known as Malopolski in Poland - is a breed of horse that has been bred for about 150 years, especially in the south of France, Poland and England, and is a cross between English thoroughbred and Arabian breeds.
Etalon Anglo-arabe.JPG

Origin : France and Poland
Breeding area : France, Poland (Malopolski) and England
spread : mostly European
Height : 155-165 cm in Section 1 also variations above and below possible
colors : all
operational area : Sport horse, refiners race, racehorse

Anglo-Normans The Anglo-Normans , also known as Anglo-Normans , Cob Normand or (before 1830) as Normans or Normans , is a French horse breed that belongs to the warm-blooded animals. The original breeding area is Normandy in north-west France.
TvN, Anglonormanne.JPG

Origin : Normandy
breed area : France
distribution : worldwide
Height : 150-165 cm
Color : mainly foxes and brown
Application : riding and workhorse

Appaloosa Appaloosa is a breed of horse derived from the Spanish horse that was imported into North America in the 18th century. Their development is said to originate from the Nez Percé in North America. Appaloosas are recreational or sport horses that are particularly popular in the western sector.
Standing Apaloosa.jpg

Origin : North America; Palouse -Prärie Idaho
breeding area : mainly US
distribution : worldwide
Height : 142-165 cm
colors : all except Plattenschecken characteristic pelmet drawing
application : riding and driving horse

Appaloosa Sport Horse The Appaloosa Sport Horse is a relatively young breed of horse, a result of the increasing popularity of dressage and show jumping in US equestrian circles. By crossing warm-blooded animals, one would like to produce a sport horse in European format with the Appaloosa as the basis. Strictly speaking, the Appaloosa Sport Horse is nothing more than an Appaloosa of the sport horse type.

Origin : USA
Breeding area : USA
Distribution : USA
Height : approx. 160 cm
Colors : Tiger piebald
Application area : Riding and sport horse

Ara appaloosa
Cone 1.jpg
Arabs The term Arab does not designate the breed of Arabian horses, as is often found colloquially, but rather is a separate breed group within the same. Horses whose blood is not pure enough to be considered thoroughbred Arabs, but whose proportion of foreign blood is too low to be assigned to one of the three other breeds (Shagya Arabs, Anglo-Arabs or Arab half-blood) are classified into the Arabian breed group to become.
LaMirage body07.jpg

Origin : not definable
Breeding area : predominantly Europe and North America
Distribution : worldwide
Height : 150+ for stallions in Stallion
Book I, 148+ for mares in Stud Book I
Colors : all colors are permitted Area of
use : Sport, riding and farm horse

Arab Berber The Arab-Berber is a horse breed that was created around 1000 years ago by crossing Arabs or thoroughbred Arabs and Berbers. The Arab-Berber studbook is open, i.e. H. Even today, both pure and combination breeding is permitted. Both the Berber and the Arabian thoroughbred are permitted for combination breeding.
Arabian Berber.jpg

Origin : Algeria , Morocco , Tunisia
breeding area : mainly North Africa and France, few stud farms in Germany
spread : North Africa, Europe
Height : 150-160 cm
Colors : 90% gray, some foxes, brown, roan and sable
application : in Morocco racing and Work horses, in Europe hiking, endurance and western riding, classic dressage and driving

Arabian pinto The Arabian pinto (often also: Pintabian or Pintarab ) is contrary to many opinions not a color breed, but a specially recognized horse breed. The thoroughbred Arabs with piebald fur must have 99% Arabs in their blood. Although this breed is well known, it is one of the rare breeds with around 300 registered horses. In Germany, more than 90% Arabian thoroughbred is sufficient to be recognized as a Pintabian (ZSAA).
Pinto Arabian.jpg

Origin : USA
Breeding area : North America
Distribution : North America, Europe
Height : approx. 150 cm
Colors : Tobiano piebald
Application area : Riding and show horse

Arab half-breed The Arab half-breed , also Partbred Arab or Arab Partbred , is a horse that must have at least 25% - the aim is at least 50% - Arab blood. The other breeds are not mandatory as long as the animals are registered in a stud book of a breeders' association recognized in the country of birth. However, cold blood breeds are excluded. The aim of breeding is a horse that has the typical breed characteristics of the thoroughbred Arabian, but is in a larger framework and is equipped with great hardness and endurance as well as a pleasant temperament.
Sirius 0001.jpg

Breeding area : Predominantly Europe and North America
Distribution : worldwide
Height : very variable
Colors : all
Application area : Riding horse, commercial breeding

Arab Haflinger From the Arabo-Haflinger cross between Arabs and Haflingers (mostly Arab stallions and Haflinger mare), which arose around 1960, the Arabian Haflinger breed arose in Austria . See also Edelbluthaflinger .

Origin : Austria
Breeding area : Austria
Distribution : Austria
Height : 142–152 cm
Colors : primarily foxes, also duns and molds and rarely other colors
Area of ​​use : Riding / leisure and driving horse

Arabofriese The Arabofriese is a sport horse breed bred based on the Friesian. The appearance can hardly be distinguished from the pure Frisian. The main breeding area is the Netherlands.
719 Dark Ynte new.jpg

Origin : Netherlands
Breeding Area : Netherlands
dissemination : low
Height : 155-170 cm
colors : Sable
application : sports and dressage

Ardennes The Ardennes is a very massive draft horse from the Ardennes that is primarily bred today as a slaughter horse, but also as a draft animal.
Etalon race ardennaise 1.jpg

Origin : Belgium , France
Breeding area : Belgium, Luxembourg, France, Sweden
Distribution : low
Height : 155–162 cm
Colors : mostly mold, also brown and piqued foxes Area of
application : Slaughter, traction

Arenberg-Nordkirchener pony The Arenberg-Nordkirchener Pony was a pony breed from the Münsterland.

Origin : Münsterland
Breeding area : Münsterland
Distribution : extinct
Height : 130–140 cm
Colors : dark brown, blacks Area of
application : Children's riding horse

Arravani The Arravani is a gaited horse breed from the Greek Peloponnese. He is known for his tölt.
Arravani mares.jpg

Origin : Peloponnese
breeding region : Greece
dissemination : Greece, Germany
Height : 125-147 cm
colors : sable, fox, brown, gray
Application : saddle horse

Assateague pony The Assateague pony (also Chincoteague pony ) is a North American horse breed that is native to the Atlantic island of Assateague. There the ponies live in the wild, but are under human care. Some of the young horses are regularly sold, so there are now quite a few Chincoteague breeders in the United States. The Chincoteague Pony Breeders Association was founded in 2006.

Origin : Assateague
Breeding area : USA
Distribution : USA
Height : around 122 cm
Colors : all colors, mostly piebalds

Asturcon pony The Asturcon pony (also called Asturians , Spanish Asturcón ) is an autochthonous breed of horse from the northern Spanish province of Asturias, which is kept semi-wild in the mountains of the Sierra de Sueve. There are also a number of stud farms that endeavor to preserve this breed. Outside the region, Asturcones are extremely rare. In 2008, around 1750 copies were registered by the Associatión de Criadores de Ponis de Raza Asturcón (ACPRA), of which around 1500 were in Asturias, plus a number of others in the neighboring provinces, and a small number spread across the rest of Spain.

Origin : Spanish Atlantic coast
Breeding Area : Asturias
distribution : rare outside the farming area
Height : 120-135 cm
Color : only black horses and foxes
application : driving and children riding pony

Australian Riding Pony
Australian Stock Horse The Australian Stock Horse - also Stockhorse or Australian Stockhorse - is a breed of horse that is mainly bred as a utility horse by Australian cattle breeders for agricultural work.
Stock Horse ready for work.jpg

Origin : New South Wales
Breeding area : Australia
Distribution : Australia
Height : 145–160 cm
Colors : predominantly brown and foxes Area of
use : Riding and work horse

Australian warmblood
Australian pony The Australian pony is a children's riding pony that originally comes from Australia. The breeding is monitored by the "Australian Pony Stud Book Society", a breeding association founded in 1929, which has fixed the breeding goal in detail.
Horse riding in coca cola arena - melbourne show 2005.jpg

Origin : Australia
Breeding area : Australia
Distribution : mainly in the breeding area
Height : 120–140 cm
Colors : mostly mold, also browns, foxes, duns Area of
application : Children's riding horse

Auxois The Auxois is a heavy cold blood horse breed from France. The breed is primarily used as a workhorse.
Auxois01 SDA2011.JPG

Origin : France, 19th century
Breeding area : France
Distribution : France, Belgium
Height : approx. 160 - approx. 168 cm
Colors : Predominantly brown, rarely foxes Area of
use : work and draft horse

Aztec The Aztec is a very young breed of utility horse that was created in Mexico to improve riding abilities. They have been bred there since the beginning of the 1970s, including at the Texoco stud in Mexico City.

Origin : Mexico
Breeding area : Mexico
Distribution : low
Height : approx. 150 cm
Colors : all except piebalds Area of
application : Riding and work horse


race description image Brief information
Balearic The Balearic Pony is an ancient, critically endangered Mediterranean breed from Spain.
Cavall mallorqui 1.jpg
Baluchi The Baluchi is a breed of horse from Pakistan. The horses are persistent, nimble, frugal and are used as riding and draft horses.
Ban-ei individually.jpg
Banker Horse
Wild Horses of the Outer Banks.jpg
Bardigiano The Bardigiano is a mountain horse from the northern Apennines, which got its name from the town of Bardi in the upper Ceno valley.
Bardigiano3 - Aisle alley standing.jpg

Origin : Northern Italy
Breeding Area : Italy
proliferation : low
Height : 135-149 cm
colors : black horse, Dark Brown and Brown
Application : Packing and draft horses, tourism (trekking), meat products, horse riding, farm work

Bashkire The Bashkire - also Curly Bashkir , Bashkirskaya or Baschkirsky - is a resilient pony whose origins lie in the Russian steppe south of the Urals.
Bashkir horse.JPG

Origin : Russia
Breeding area : Russia
Distribution : Russia
Height : 132–152 cm
Colors : brown and foxes, many duns
Application area : milk production, meat supplier, pack horse , draft horse

Basuto pony The Basuto pony is a South African horse breed that got its name from the cattle breeding tribe of the Basuto.
Basuto Pony.jpg

Origin : South Africa
breeding area : South Africa
Height : 140-150 cm
Application : riding and pack horse

Batak pony The Batak pony is an Indonesian pony breed from the island of Sumatra.
COLLECTIE TROPICAL MUSEUM Stallion uit de Bataklanden TMnr 10013315 cropped.jpg

Origin : Indonesia (North Sumatra)
Breeding area : Sumatra
Distribution : Indonesia
Height : 122–132 cm
Colors : all
Area of ​​use : Riding pony

Bavarian Warmblood The Bavarian Warmblood is an old German horse breed whose breeding - similar to that of the Württemberg Warmblood - has been subject to an eventful history over the course of time.
Bavarian Warmblood.jpg

Origin : Rottal Bayern
breed area : Bavaria, England
dissemination : low, in Germany about 140 stallions, 4000 mares
Height : 162-175 cm
Color : mainly brown and foxes, rarely black horses and mold
application : Sport horse, riding and Nutzpferd

Belgian warmblood The Belgian Warmblood in Dutch Belgian Warmbloedpaard (BWP) is a young horse breed, with the creation of which both equestrian sport and warmblood breeding were established in Belgium.
Eddie Macken and Tedechine Sept - Dublin (Irl) CSIO ***** 2008.jpg

Origin : Belgium
Breeding area : Belgium, USA
Distribution : Belgium, Europe, USA
Height : approx. 160 cm
Colors : all basic colors
Application area : Sport horse

Berber The Berber is adjacent to the Arabian thoroughbred one of the oldest breeds of horses worldwide.
Zafira Al Saida 0001.jpg

Origin : Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia
Breeding area : North Africa, France, Germany
Distribution : North Africa, Europe
Height : 145–157 cm
Colors : Predominantly mold, but also foxes, more rarely bay and black horses. Area of
use : riding horse, dressage, endurance sports, breeding, cross-country horse

Boer horse
Bosniak The Bosniak (also Bosnian mountain horse ) is the typical, frugal mountain horse of the Dinarides. Bosniaks are distributed from Croatia, Bosnia, Montenegro and Serbia to Macedonia. Until the 1960s they were the most important agricultural workhorses in the mountain regions of the Western Balkans and have been exported to Western Europe in various ways.
Bosanski brdski konj pastuh.jpg

Origin : Bosnia
breed area : former Yugoslavia, Germany
distribution : former Yugoslavia, Germany
Height : 132-147 cm
Color : cream-colored horses, sable, fox, brown, gray, Isabell
application : Hemmer, agriculture, equestrian, load, Draft Horse

Boulonnais Boulonnais is a cold-blooded horse breed with a pronounced oriental influence from the French region of Picardy.
Bambou étalon de 2 ans.jpg

Origin : Picardie
Breeding area : France
Height : 150–170 cm
Colors : predominantly gray
Application area : draft and work horse

Brabanters The Brabant (also Belgian Draft , Flemings or Flemish horse is) a heavy horse race from the Belgian breeding area Brabant.

Origin : Belgium
Breeding area : Belgium
Distribution : Europe
Height : 165–173 cm
Colors : mostly red mold with black dots
Area of ​​use : Draft horse, farm work

Brandenburger Warmblood The Brandenburg Warmblood is a horse breed that, despite its long history, only emerged in its present form in the 1960s in the former German Democratic Republic.

Origin : Brandenburg
breeding region : Brandenburg
dissemination : low, about 60 breeding stallions and broodmares 1600
Height : 162-170 cm
Color : mainly brown, fox and sable
Application : saddle horse

Breton The Breton is a breed of horse that originated in Brittany. It contains three types: the Trait Breton - a heavy draft horse, the somewhat smaller and lighter Petit Trait Breton, and the lighter postier .
Postiers bretons 101.jpg

Origin : France
Breeding area : Northwest France
Distribution : only locally
Height : 150–160 cm
Colors : mold, foxes, brown Area of
application : farm work and light draft work

British Spotted Pony
Shetland pony dalmatian2.jpg

Origin : United Kingdom
Breeding area :
proliferation : about 800 animals
Height : up to 148 cm
colors : Tigerschecken on any color
Application : Riding Pony

Brumby Brumby is an Australian wild horse, more precisely a breed of feral horse similar to the American mustang. They descend from domesticated horses and from riding horses that were released after the gold rush in the mid-19th century. The horses can reach a height of 135 to 150 cm in stick measure. Brumbies are considered to be persistent, agile, fast and wild.

Origin : Australia
Breeding area : Australia
Distribution : Australia

Budjonny The Budjonny is a warm blood horse breed from Russia.
Two year old budjonny stallions in russia.jpg

Origin : Southern Russia
Breeding area : Steppe around Rostov-on-Don
Distribution : mainly Russia
Height : approx. 160 cm
Colors : Foxes and browns with a golden sheen
Application area : Jumping, distance, leisure

Auritzeko zaldia behorra1.JPG


race description image Brief information
Calabrian The Calabreser (or Kalebreser ) is an Italian warmblood horse.

Origin : Italy
Breeding area : Italy
Height : 160 cm-170 cm
Colors : gray, bay, fox, black
Application area : equestrian sport

Camargue horse The Camargue horse is a small, robust domestic horse that is mainly bred in the Camargue - the Rhône delta in southern France.

Origin : Rhone delta in southern France, beginning of the era
Breeding area : southern France
Distribution : France
Height : 135–150 cm
Colors : gray born almost exclusively as blacks or bay horses Area of
use : work, riding and pack horses

Camarillo White Horse
Campeiro The Campeiro - literally translated field horse -, popularly also known as Marchador das Araucárias (untranslatable folklore with several simultaneous meanings), is a Brazilian horse breed that originated in the 16th century when Spanish and Portuguese horses settled on the plateau in Santa Catarina were.

Origin : Brazil
Breeding area : Santa Catarina
Height : 146 cm
Colors : fox, brown, gray mold Area of
use : Shepherd horse, riding horse, light draft horse

Campolina The Campolina is a Brazilian horse breed that owes its name to Cassiano Campolina , a farmer in Entre Rios de Minas, Minas Gerais state.
Silver Campolina male 5 years.JPG

Origin : Brazil
Breeding area : Brazil
Distribution : Throughout the American continent
Height : 150–160 cm
Colors : all
Areas of application : Shepherd horse, cross-country riding, work horse, leisure riding, riding schools

Canadian Horse The Canadian Horse or Cheval Canadien is a Canadian breed of horse.
Img 3372 Me trot.jpg

Origin : Canada, 18th Century
Main breed area : Canada
dissemination : low outside Canada
Height : 142-162 cm
Color : mainly black horses, as well as Brown and foxes
application : Tournament, work and family horse

Canadian Sport Horse
Pikardi & Bonny Bonnello - 2010 Kentucky Cup 2.jpg
Canik The Canik is a breed of horse from northern Turkey. It occurs mainly in the Black Sea region and is named after an earlier principality and the breeding area, the Canik Mountains.

Origin : Turkey
Breeding area : Turkey
dissemination Black Sea region Turkey
Height : 134-144 cm
Colors : All
application : riding and breeding horses

Cheju pony
Cheval de Selle Français The Cheval de Selle Français (German: French Riding Horse ) or Selle Français is the most important French sport horse breed. It is mainly used for jumping. The breed was composed in 1958 from horses of the riding horse type from all over France, with horses of Anglo-Norman descent having a substantial proportion.
He012002 1.jpg

Origin : France
Distribution : France
Height : 155–175 cm
Colors : bay, black , chestnut , gray (rare)
Application : work horse, riding horse, farm horse

Chilean corralero
Chinese guoxia The Chinese Guoxia ( Chinese   果 下馬  /  果 下马 , Pinyin guǒxià mǎ ) is a breed of south Chinese mini ponies that grow to be about one meter tall.

Origin : China, Debao, Guizhou, Yunnan, Sichuan, Ningqiang
Breeding area : China, Debao, Guizhou, Yunnan, Sichuan, Ningqiang
Distribution : China, Debao, Guizhou, Yunnan, Sichuan, Ningqiang
Height : 96–104 cm

Cirit (horse) The Cirit horse breed is a breed from Turkey. She is about 100 years old and comes from the Turkish Anadolu breed and Turkish-Arabian horses. They occur mainly in Eastern Anatolia.

Origin : Turkey
Breeding area : Turkey
Distribution : Eastern Anatolia Turkey
Height : 133–143 cm
Colors : brown and gray Area of
application : Riding horses, like the Turkish Hinis breed , are primarily bred for the equestrian sport of the same name, Cirit

Cleveland Bay The Cleveland Bay is an English breed of horse whose origin dates back to the Middle Ages, but is often dated even earlier. It is often referred to as Old Cleveland Bay to better distinguish it from New Cleveland Bay - also known as the Yorkshire Coach Horse .
Brewster park drag 1887.jpg

Origin : England, medieval
farming area : Yorkshire
dissemination : endangered breed
Height : 162-172 cm
Colors : Brown
Application : Driving

Clydesdale The Clydesdale is a powerful draft horse that originated in Scotland in the 18th century in the valley of the River Clyde. The breed became famous in the USA because the beer maker Anheuser-Busch shows it as a draft horse in commercials for the Budweiser brand and uses it as a mascot. Brewery tours in St. Louis and Fort Collins as well as in the Busch Gardens theme parks, which are also part of the group, include visits to the Clydesdale stables.
Clydesdales 1.jpg

Origin : Scotland, 18th century
breeding region : USA
dissemination : low
Height : 163-193 cm
Color : brown, rarely black horses
Application : Draft Horse

Colorado Ranger The Colorado Ranger (also Coloradobred ) is an American horse breed that usually has a tiger spotting.

Origin : USA
Breeding area : USA
Height : Average 155 cm
Colors : Tiger piebald
Application area : Riding horse and carriage horse

Comtois The Comtois is a horse breed that is mainly found in France and the Swiss Jura.
Cheval Comtois 2.jpg

Origin : France
Distribution : France
Height : 145–155 cm
Colors : bay, chestnut Field of
application : medium-weight draft horse, agricultural work

Connemara pony Connemara ponies are Irish riding ponies. Their home, the Connemara landscape, is located on the far west corner of Ireland. It is damp, barren and even today only sparsely populated. But for many centuries small horses have been living there half wild in the peaty swamps and scree slopes. These ponies have always been valued for their frugality, health and reliability.
Connemara stallion.jpg

Origin : Ireland
breeding area : Connemara
distribution : Europe
Height : 138-153 cm
Colors : usually mold or dun
application : riding horse, farm work

Criollo The Criollo is a horse breed that originated in Argentina, as well as a type of horse native to South America and the Caribbean, which has to be divided into different horse breeds through environmental re-breeding. There are horse breeds of the Criollo type with their own names in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Peru, Cuba and Venezuela; the Criollo breeds found in Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, Mexico and the Dominican Republic have no names of their own.

Origin : South America, 16th century
Breeding area : South America, Caribbean
Distribution : widespread in South America
Height : 142–152 cm
Colors : all
Area of ​​use : riding horse, shepherd horse, patrol horse, expedition horse

Çukurova (horse) The Çukurova is a Turkish horse. It is a cross between the Turkish Uzunyayla breed and a thoroughbred Arabian. However, it is not known how long ago this was.

Origin : Turkey
Breeding area : Turkey
Distribution : Turkey
Height : 130–140 cm
Colors : all
Area of ​​use : riding horse, draft horse


race description image Brief information
Danish warmblood The Danish Warmblood is a Danish warmblood horse breed that was specially bred for modern show jumping in the mid-20th century.
Browsing hay.jpg

Origin : Denmark, 20th century
Breeding area : Denmark
Distribution : Denmark
Height : 160–170 cm
Colors : all basic colors Area of
application : Sport horse

Dales pony The Dales pony is a small breed of horse from the east side of the Pennines in northern England. They have great stamina and were used as pack horses .
Wild Horses at Walk to Wild Boar Fell.jpg

Origin : eastern Pennines
breeding region : Northern England
dissemination : low
Height : 135-147 cm
Colors : usually black horses and Dark brown
Application : packing and riding horse

Danubians also: Donaupferd , Dunavska
Dartmoor pony The Dartmoor pony is a small-stature pony breed native to the south-west of England.
Pony With A Fright Wig.jpg

Origin : Southwest of England, 11th century
breed area : England
dissemination : farms throughout Europe, the USA and Australia
Height : 116-127 cm
Colors : usually black and bay, rare foxes and mold, no piebald, large badges are unwanted
application : Driving and children's riding horses, landscape protection and biotope maintenance

Davertnickel The Davertnickel were a wild domestic horse breed that became extinct in the early 19th century.

Origin : Germany
Breeding area : Davert
Distribution : extinct
Height : up to 152 cm
Application area : Draft horse in agriculture and the military

Delibos The Delibos (also Deliboz ) is a horse breed of Azerbaijan. He is also known as the Delibos Azerbaijani, the Kazakh of Azerbeijan, or the Azerbaijan horse.
Stamps of Azerbaijan, 1993-176.jpg

Origin : Azerbaijan, 19th century
Breeding area : Azerbaijan
Distribution : very small,
height : 150–155 cm
Colors : all
Area of ​​use : Riding horse

German classic pony The German Classic Pony is a small thoroughbred horse descending from the Shetland pony .

Origin : Germany
Breeding area : Germany
Distribution : Germany, approx. 40 stallions and approx. 200 mares
Height : up to approx. 112 cm
Colors : all, mostly foxes with light long hair . Area of
use : riding pony for small children, driving pony

German Part-Bred Shetland Pony The German Part-Bred Shetland Pony is descended from the Shetland pony and has been kept in its own stud book since 1999.
Shetland pony dalmatian2.jpg

Origin : Shetland Islands / Germany
Breeding area : Germany
Distribution : in Germany approx. 170 breeding stallions and approx. 1000 brood mares
Height : up to 112 cm
Colors : all
Area of ​​use : Children's and driving pony

German riding horse The name German riding horse does not stand for its own breed of horse, but is rather a generic term for warmblood horses bred in Germany. Even if the individual warmblood breeds are crossed with one another on a large scale and some consolidation efforts can now be recognized within the breeding associations, warmblood breeding in Germany remains strongly regionally organized.
Hanoverian dressage Romantic Boy2.jpg

Origin : Germany
Breeding area : Germany
Distribution : worldwide
Area of ​​use : Riding horse

German Riding Pony The German Riding Pony is the most successful German pony breed.
Pony stallion.jpg

Origin : Germany, 20th century
farming area : Germany
distribution : strong spread in Europe
Height : 138-148 cm
colors : all horse colors
Application : Turnierpony

German sport horse The German Sport Horse is a warmblood horse breed that has been bred since 2003. It was created through the creation of a common breeding book of origin for their riding horse population of the horse breeding associations Berlin-Brandenburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Saxony and Thuringia.
Maimarkt Mannheim - Show jumping (2) (cropped) .JPG

Origin : Brandenburg, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia
Breeding area : Brandenburg, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia
Distribution : Brandenburg, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia
Height : around 165 cm
Colors : all colors
Area of ​​use : riding horse, sport horse

Dillenburger Ramsnase The horse breed known as Dillenburger Ramsnase is based on a breed based on Holstein and Danish mares with Spanish, Neapolitan and oriental stallions, which was initiated by the court stud of the Dillenburg counts as early as the 16th century.

The breed, which is now extinct, was a strong, yet beautiful middle stroke with dry and sinewy limbs and high action of the legs. As a special feature, the animals had a typical, slightly convex head shape. This eponymous Ramsnase was very much appreciated by baroque horses. The Dillenburger Ramsnasen were in demand as coach and parade horses. Extensive exports to the Netherlands took place particularly under William of Orange.

Chub horse The Dölepferd - also Gudbrandsdal horse - is a Norwegian horse breed that is a small cold-blooded horse . His extraordinary performance in trotting races should be emphasized.
Dole eating grass.jpg

Origin : Norway, 5th – 9th centuries Century
Breeding area : Norway, especially the eastern provinces and Gudbrandsdal
Distribution : Norway
Height : 145–157 cm
Colors : predominantly brown and black horses, chestnut
Application area : draft, riding and carriage horses, trotting, agricultural work

Dombes half-blood The Dombes half-breed (French demi-sang de la Dombes , also known as cheval de Bresse or demi-sang de l'Ain ) is an extinct French horse breed from the historic regions of Dombes and Bresse in what is now the Ain department.
Demi-sang Ain (cropped) .jpg

Origin : France
Breeding Area : France
distribution : France
Height : 156-160 cm
Color : Brown, Black
Application : Light Cavalry, show jumping, cross-country and Parforcejagd

Don horse The Don horse is the traditional horse of the Don Cossacks, whose ancestors had lived in the Russian steppe for thousands of years. They also played a part in the expulsion of Napoleon's Great Army, which made them world famous.
Donchak 2.jpg

Origin : Russia, the Don
Breeding Area : Russia
spread : mainly Russia
Height : 158-168 cm
Color : Gold mostly foxes
application : versatile riding horse

Cheval de Dongolah.jpg
Dülmen wild horse The Dülmen wild horse is a breed of small horse that lives mainly in Dülmen in Westphalia in the Merfelder Bruch, a nature reserve of around 350 hectares. There are currently around 300 wild horses, more precisely wildlings of this breed , living in the wild horse track . The offspring of the approximately 50 mares and stallions living outside the area are not referred to as Dülmen wild horses , but as Dülmen horses . The horses, which are one of the oldest German horse breeds and were originally called Dülmener Brücher , have been on the GEH's Red List of Endangered Livestock Breeds since February 1994 and are classified in hazard category I, i.e. as extremely endangered.
Merfelder Wildpferde.jpg

Origin : Germany
Breeding area : Germany
Distribution : Germany
Height : 125–135 cm
Colors : predominantly Fallows in all variations, badges are not desired Area of
use : Riding, driving, distance


race description image Brief information
Noble Haflinger The Edelbluthaflinger was created in the 1960s from Haflingers , which were refined by increasing the proportion of Arabian blood in order to obtain a modern, versatile, sporty small horse. Since 2006, a stud book and a stud book for Edelbluthaflinger have been kept in the FN's breeding association regulations . The criterion for entry in the stud books is a proportion of Arab blood between 1.57% and 25%, with the proportion being traced back six generations.

Origin : Germany
Breeding area : Germany
Distribution : Germany and the rest of Europe. In 2007 there were 50 stallions registered, in 2008 around 2,260 broodmares.
Height : 142–152 cm
Colors : light foxes , light mane and light tail are desirable. White badges allowed on the head.
Area of ​​application : sport, riding, driving and leisure horse

Noble warmblood The noble warmblood , also known as the noble warmblood of the GDR due to its breeding area , was a German horse breed. It united the riding horse breeds of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) from 1971 to 1990.
Hummingbird Statue.jpg

Origin : different races of the GDR
Breeding area : GDR
Distribution : for reasons of age only a few individuals today
Height : 160–170 cm Colors : all basic colors Area of
application : Riding and driving horse

Emscherbruch The Emscherbrücher or Emscherbrücher Dickkopp was a wild domestic horse breed. Its occurrence was first mentioned in a document in 1396. It was widespread in the rift along the Emscher between Waltrop and Bottrop until the beginning of the 19th century. The last Emscherbrücher were captured in the 1840s and sold to Duke Alfred von Croÿ in Dülmen.
Emscherbruch Wildpferd.jpg

Origin : Germany
Breeding area : Emscherbruch
Distribution : extinct
Height : up to 135 cm

English blood The English thoroughbred refers to a horse breed from the group of thoroughbred horses that has been specially bred for horse racing . In pedigree papers, English thoroughbreds are indicated by an xx after the name to easily distinguish them from other horse breeds .

Origin : United Kingdom
Breeding area : worldwide, especially England, Ireland, France, Germany and USA
distribution : worldwide
Height : 152-173 cm
Colors : usually brown and foxes, rare mold and centime
application : racing, horse racing, horse riding. The thoroughbred is the most versatile horse breed in the world

Eriskay pony
Eriskay pony beinn sciathan.jpg
Estonian nag The Estonian Klepper (Estonian Eesti Hobune ; also Estonian Pony ) is a very old horse breed from Estonia. The breed has retained the characteristics of the domestic horse of the Klepper type, which was previously widespread throughout the Baltic Sea region. It also formed the basis for other Estonian horse breeds such as the Torgel horse.
Estonian native horse.jpg

Origin : Estonia
Breeding area : Estonia
Distribution : threatened with extinction
Height : 135–150 cm
Colors : dun, brown Area of
use : riding, driving, agriculture

European Appaloosa pony The European Appaloosa pony is a breed of horse whose breeding is operated by the ECHA-ESV. The breeding goal is a size of up to 142 cm and the following colors: tiger piebald, black tiger, snowflake, few spot and roan / marble piebald.

Origin :
Breeding area :
Distribution :
Height : up to 142 cm Colors : Tiger piebald, Schabracktiger, Snowflake, Few Spot and Roan / Marmorschecke Area of
application : Driving and riding pony in all disciplines

Exmoor pony The Exmoor pony is a medium-sized English pony breed. It is the most pristine of the British ponies, some herds still roam freely in the moors of South West England (e.g. Exmoor, a wild animal stud farm). A number of unique characteristics have been noted in their ancestors.

Origin : Exmoor
Breeding area : England
Distribution : endangered breed
Height : up to 129.5 cm
Colors : duns and browns with flour mouth but no other markings. Area of
use : children's pony, riding and farm horse, landscape maintenance, renaturation


race description image Brief information
Faroe pony The Faroe pony (Faroese: føroysk ross ) is a separate breed of horse that differs from the Icelandic horse and fjord horse, which are now in the majority in the Faroe Islands.

Origin : Faroe Islands
Breeding area : Faroe Islands
Distribution : approx. 50 animals in the Faroe Islands
Height : 115–125 cm
Colors : brown, black-brown, fox, various piebalds and other colors
Area of ​​application : Leisure riding

Falabella The Falabella is an Argentine miniature horse breed.

Origin : Buenos Aires
Breeding area : Argentina
Distribution : low
Height : up to 86 cm
Colors : all Area of
use : Show horse and carriage horse (for small carriages)

Fur pony The Fell Pony is a robust breed of small horse from the Fell Mountains in Northern England. The name Fell-Pony indicates on the one hand the possible area of ​​origin, a range of hills in the county of Cumbria west of the Pennines, called Fells, and on the other hand the size of the horse. Traditionally, all horse breeds under a height of 148.5 cm are called ponies.

Origin : England, approx. 100 AD.
Breeding area : England
Distribution : England
Height : 135–142 cm
Colors : black horse, black-brown, brown, gray Area of
use : driving and leisure horse, load horse, draft horse, agricultural work

Finn horse The Finnhorse ( Finnish Universal ) is a Finnish all-round horse and the only original horse breed in Finland. The Finnhorse is divided into four types: a heavy, cold-blooded draft horse (Työhevonen), a light draft horse (Juoksija), a versatile riding horse (Ratsuhevonen) and a small horse (Pienhevonen).
Finnhorse stallion.jpg

Origin : Finland
Breeding area : Finland
Distribution : Finland
Height : 140–163 cm
Colors : mainly foxes, rarely fallows, bay horses, black horses. Area of
application : harness racing, equestrian sports, agriculture

Frederiksborger The Frederiksborger - also Fredriksborger - is an old Danish horse breed that has developed from a once coveted type to an endangered breed due to incorrect breeding activities.

Origin : Denmark
Breeding area : Denmark
Distribution : Denmark
Height : approx. 160 cm
Colors : Almost exclusively foxes with light long hair and markings Area of
use : Breeding for conservation purposes

Freiberger The Freiberger is the only originally Swiss horse breed and today the last representative of the light draft horse in Europe.
Nepal, franches-montagnes.jpg

Origin : Franches-Montagnes (Jura), 15th century
Breeding area : Switzerland
Distribution : mainly in Switzerland
Height : 150–160 cm
Colors : often brown and foxes, rarely black horses and white horses, spiky-haired (roan) Area of
use : driving and riding horse, preferred horse of the Swiss Army

Friezes The Friesian is a Dutch breed of horse that was originally bred in the province of Friesland.

Origin : West Friesland
Breeding area : Netherlands
Distribution : widespread in Europe
Height : 155–175 cm
Colors : predominantly black horse, other colors are not desired Area of
application : Driving and riding horse

Furioso North Star Furioso-North Star (short Furioso ) is a horse breed from Hungary. Furioso belongs to the Hungarian half-bloods. In Bavaria, these horses are also bred in Leutstetten. These horses are known as the special breed Leutstettener.
Furioso-Przedswit Polish breed 1.jpg

Origin : Hungary
Breeding area : Central Europe
Distribution : low
Height : 165–170 cm
Colors : brown and black horses
Application area : originally bred for cavalry, today riding horse and driving horse


race description image Brief information
Galiceno pony The Mexican Galiceno pony is well suited as a workhorse under the saddle, but it is also a popular riding horse for young people and continues to be driven.
Caballo tipico gallego.jpg

Origin : Galicia
breeding region : Mexico, southern United States
Height : 128-142 cm
Colors : usually brown, cream-colored horses, foxes, stitchhaired
application : labor and youth horse

Gelderland The Gelderlander is a Dutch horse breed that is mainly used as a carriage horse.

Origin : Netherlands, 19th century
Height : 155–163 cm
Colors : mostly foxes, white horses and piebalds Area of
application : carriage horse

Genete also Jenet, Jennet, Genette, Genet

Origin : Spain, Middle Ages.
Colors : all, including brindle and piebald. Area of
use : war horse, riding horse

Giara horse The Giara horse is also called the Sardinian pony or Achetta pony . It comes from Italy. There it lives semi-wild in small family groups.
Cavallino della Giara-cropped 02.jpg

Origin : Italy
Height : 120–140 cm
Colors : black horse, dark brown, brown Area of
use : riding horse, draft and load pony, meat supplier

Gidran The Gidran is a horse breed from Hungary.

Origin : Hungary
Breeding area : Hungary
Height : 155–168 cm
Colors : mostly foxes Area of
application : Riding and carriage horse

Gotland pony The Gotland pony (Swedish Gotlandsruss ) is an old Swedish breed of small horses on the island of Gotland and surrounding islands.

Origin : Sweden
dissemination : Sweden
Height : 122-134 cm
Color : Brown, Fox, Black, White Horse, Isabell, Mausfalbe
Application : Net and horse riding, farm work

Groninger The Groninger is a Dutch horse breed, which is an important breeding basis for the Dutch Warmblood, which is very successful in equestrian sports. Along with the Gelderlander, it influenced many Dutch breeds. It can hardly be found in its original form of a robust work and agricultural horse. It is used more as a coarse-bodied carriage horse these days.

Origin : Groningen
Breeding area : Netherlands
Distribution : Netherlands
Height : 155–170 cm
Colors : Dark brown, brown, dark light foxes Area of
application : Carriage horse


race description image Brief information
Hack A hack is an elegant type of competition horse. Most of the hacks are actually thoroughbreds or crossbreeds between thoroughbreds and Anglo-Arabs, so they are mostly hot-blooded. They are generally 147 to 160 cm tall and can have any coat color.

Origin : Great Britain
Height : 147–160 cm
Colors : all pure colors
Area of ​​application : Equestrian sport

Hackney The Hackney (Norman haquenée for Zelter or passanger) is a trotter bred primarily as a representative carriage horse and not as a workhorse.
Hackney Horse Stallion CANADANCE.jpg

Origin : England
Breeding area : England
Distribution : England and America, relatively rare
Height : 143–165 cm
Colors : foxes, bay horses, black horses Area of
application : Driving (show)

Haflinger The Haflinger is an old, down-to-earth breed from Italy, which takes its name from the village of Avelengo near Merano in what is now South Tyrol. But they are not only good riding ponies, which can sometimes take more weight, but also useful carriage ponies. In addition to the Federal Republic of Germany, Austria and Switzerland, Haflingers are bred in almost all of Europe and in over 70 countries worldwide.
Haflinger 3607 by Flominator.jpg

Origin : South Tyrol
Breeding area : Bavaria, Austria, South Tyrol (Italy)
Distribution : worldwide
Height : 138 cm - 150 cm
Colors : Always fox-colored, light mane and light tail.
Application : Sport and leisure horse, pack horse, medium-weight draft horse, agricultural work

Hanoverian The Hanoverian is numerically the strongest European warmblood breed. In the past few decades, the Hanoverian breeding association was one of the most successful breeding horses in the disciplines of jumping and dressage thanks to the sporting successes of its representatives registered and analyzed by the World Breeding Association for Sport Horses (WBFSH).
RCMP Farm Hannoverian2.jpg

Origin : Germany, 15th century
farming area : Lower
distribution : widespread in Europe, about 450 stallions and about 17,600 broodmares
Height : 148-180 cm
Color : brown, black horses, foxes and mold
application : dressage and show jumping

Hessian Warmblood The Hessian Warmblood is a warmblood horse breed bred until 2009, which from then on has been fully incorporated into the Hanoverian Horse Breeding Association.

Origin : Hessen, mid-19th century
Breeding area : Hessen
Distribution : Germany, approx. 170 stallions, approx. 2000 brood mares
Height : 163–175 cm
Colors : bay, fox, black horse, gray, piebald
Application area : riding horse

Rear horse The Heckpferd is a cross between different European pony and horse breeds . The brothers Heinz and Lutz Heck tried to breed a horse that, in their imagination, resembles the extinct Tarpan wild horse.
Heck horse munich.JPG

Origin : Germany, 20th century Breeding area : Germany Distribution : Central Europe Height : 40 cm Colors : mostly light-colored mouse falcons, rarely with zebra stripes on the legs. Area of application : zoos, extensive agriculture

Highland pony The Highland Pony is native to the rugged landscape of Scotland.

Origin : Scotland
breeding region : Scotland
Height : 132-148 cm
Color : Mainly Fawn

Hinis (horse) The Hinis horse breed is a breed from Turkey. She is about 100 years old and comes from the Turkish Anadolu breed and Turkish-Arabian horses. It occurs mainly in Eastern Anatolia. They are named after the province of the same name in Erzurum.

Origin : Turkey
Breeding area : Turkey
spread : Eastern Anatolia Turkey
Height : 134-143 cm
Color : Brown and mold
application : Riding horses are also, as the Turkish race Cirit , primarily for the same equestrian Cirit bred.

Hispanic Arabs The Hispano-Arab is a warmblood horse breed that is bred from the Andalusian (more precisely: Pura Raza Española, PRE) by crossing with Arabian thoroughbred.

Origin : Spain
breeding area : Spain
spread : Iberian Peninsula
Height : 155-165 cm
colors : gray, rarely bay, black
Application : Equestrian Dressage

Hokkaido pony The Hokkaido pony (Japanese. 北海道 和 種 , Hokkaidō washu ), as a nickname also Dosanko ( 道 産 d, German about: "Child born in Hokkaidō"), is next to the Kiso, Noma, Taishu, Misaki-, Tokara -, Miyako and Yonaguni pony one of the eight native Japanese horse breeds still in existence.
Hokkaido Pony.jpg

Origin : Japan
Breeding area : Hokkaidō
Distribution : Hokkaido
Height : 132–137 cm
Colors : all pure colors
Area of ​​application : Riding, light draft horse

Holsteiner The Holsteiner is a German horse breed.
Holsteiner 0001.jpg

Origin : Germany
Breeding area : Schleswig-Holstein
Distribution : Germany, Europe, USA; in Germany approx. 7300 broodmares and 230 stallions
Height : 165–175 cm
Colors : all except piebalds
Areas of application : riding and driving

Hutsul The Huzule (also Old Austrian Huzule ) is a pony breed and comes from the "Huzulei", an area in the Eastern Carpathians north of the river Bistritz, where the descendants of the Tatars and Cossacks, also called Hutsuls, settled as mountain farmers.
PL Hutsulenpferd.jpg

Origin : Hutsuls
breed area : Eastern Europe
distribution : mainly Eastern Europe
Height : 125-147 cm
Color : mainly brown, dun and dappled
field of application : supporting and driving forces


race description image Brief information
Indian half-breed The Indian half-breed is a breed of horse that emerged from the Indian Kathiawari and the Australian whale by crossing.
"Modern Polo" .jpg

Origin : India
Breeding area :
distribution : tropical
Height : 152-163 cm
Colors : All

Iomud The Iomud (also Jomud , Jamud , Iomudskaya (Russian), Yamud (Iran)) is a Turkmen breed of horse.
Les races chevalines BHL22833207 (cropped) .jpg

Origin : Tashauz oasis in southern Turkmenistan
Breeding area : Turkmenistan
Distribution : Turkmenistan
Height : 150 cm
Colors : gray, fox, rare golden fox or black

Irish sport horse The Irish Sport Horse (English. Irish Sport Horse ) is a breed of horse from Ireland, which was created by crossing the Irish Draft with thouroughbred. This is a relatively new targeted breed, the aim of which is a sport horse that is primarily equipped with a jumping ability. The mating of draft mares with thoroughbred stallions themselves has always been carried out in Ireland in order to obtain a horse suitable for hunting - the Irish Hunter .
Chippison (ISH) - Dublin 2008.jpg

Origin : Ireland
Breeding area : Ireland
Height : 165–170 cm
Colors : gray, foxes, brown
Areas of application : jumping, versatility

Irish Draft Horse The Irish Draft Horse or Irish draft horse is the classic Irish horse breed. It is a strong, rather stocky workhorse. The breed is believed to have originated from Connemara ponies, Spanish horses, and Old English warmbloods.
Bridon Belfrey, RID, Irish Draft Stallion.jpg

Origin : Ireland
Breeding area : Ireland
Height : 153–173 cm
Colors : Often brown, foxes, white horses, rarely piebalds
Application area : Driving and draft horse, occasionally riding horse

Icelandic horse The Icelandic horse , also called Icelander or (incorrectly) Icelandic pony , is a versatile and robust breed of horse originating from Iceland, which, thanks to its strong physique, can also be ridden by adults. Icelandic horses belong to the group of gaited horses, as most of them not only have the basic gaits of walk, trot and gallop, but also the genetically fixed gaits of tölt and / or pass. Only pure-bred animals whose ancestors were born in Iceland without a gap are recognized as "Icelandic horses". The import of horses is prohibited in Iceland. The fur of the Icelandic horse can show a lot of colors, only there is no tiger piebald in the Icelanders.
Icelandic horse.jpg

Origin : Iceland
Breeding Area : Iceland, Germany
distribution : Europe, North America
Height : 130-145 cm
Colors : all colors except Tiger pinto
application : horse riding, sport

Italian cold blood The Italian draft horse is a rare breed of horse that can be found almost exclusively and only in small numbers in Italy.
Italian draft horsed.jpg

Origin : Italy
Breeding area : Northern and central Italy, especially Venice, Verona and Padua
Distribution : regional
Height : 150–160 cm
Colors : predominantly foxes with light long hair, sometimes also red roan and brown
Areas of application : train / workhorse, slaughter


race description image Brief information
Yakut horse The Yakut horse is adapted to the extremely cold climate of Sacha (Eastern Siberia), survives free-range temperatures that can drop to -70 ° C and is able to track down and dig up food under a high blanket of snow.
A Yakutian horse (9762345674) .jpg

Origin : Sacha (Yakutia)
Breeding area : Sacha
Distribution : Sacha
Height : approx. 138 cm
Colors : brown, gray, white, fallow Area of
use : riding horse, work horse, milk and meat supplier

Java pony The Java pony is a breed of small horses descending from the Mongolian wild horse and native to the island of Java.
Bromo-Tengger-Semeru-National-Park Indonesia Horses-02.jpg

Origin : Indonesia
Breeding area : Java
Distribution : Java
Height : approx. 120 cm
Colors : all
Application area : workhorse

Jutlander The Jutlander is a Danish draft horse breed that has been bred for centuries with different goals. Due to their fox color with light long hair and hangings, their representatives look very similar to the heavy Haflinger type.
Jydske heste vorup eng.jpg

Origin : Northern European lowlands
Breeding area : Denmark
Distribution : low
Height : 158–165 cm
Colors : light foxes
Application area : agricultural work, slaughter


race description image Brief information
Cabardines The Kabardiner is a mountain horse from the Caucasus, which is still in great need there by the rural population and which today finds many friends in Western Europe among recreational, hiking and, above all, endurance riders. It takes its name from the Kabardine people, a Circassian tribe.
Kabardin Horse.jpg

Origin : North Caucasus, 16th century
farming area : North Caucasus
spread : North Caucasus, Western Europe
Height : 148-158 cm
Color : mainly brown, dark brown, black brown and Black
Application : Working, Trekking, Leisure, Distanzsport

Karabagh The Karabagh (Azerbaijani Qarabağ atı ) is a Caucasian breed of horse.
Karabakh horse - Alyetmez, photo 1867.jpg

Origin : Karabagh
Breeding area : Azerbaijan
Distribution : Azerbaijan
Height : approx. 150 cm
Colors : mostly foxes Area of
application : Leisure riding

Karabeans The Karabaier is a breed of horse from Uzbekistan.
Stamps of Azerbaijan, 1993-172.jpg

Origin : Uzbekistan and northern Tajikistan
Breeding area : Uzbekistan
Distribution : Uzbekistan
Height : stallions 156 cm, mares 151 cm
Colors : bay, fox, gray or black
Areas of application : riding, light draft horse

Karacabeyer The Karacabeyer is a breed of horse from Turkey.

Origin : Turkey
Breeding area : Turkey - Karacabey stud - especially on the Anatolian plateau
spread : Turkey
Height : 155-165 cm
Color : Brown, foxes, mold or centimes
application : versatile all-round horse; Riding horse, cavalry horse (also originally for the Turkish army), also light draft horse in agriculture

Carthusian horse The Carthusian (span. Cartujano ) belongs as a sub-race of the Andalusian to the so-called pure Spanish breed (PRE).
Carthusian Horse Andalucia, Spain Private Tour - June 2007.jpg

Origin : Spain
Breeding area : Spain
Distribution : low
Height : approx. 152 cm
Colors : Mainly gray, occasionally brown and black horses
Application area : Riding horse up to high school, breeding

Small Caspian horse The Caspian Small Horse is a horse breed whose region of origin is the coast of the Caspian Sea. It is the size of a pony, but the physique is that of a horse, so it is a so-called miniature horse.
BGD Ranch's Caspians.jpg

Origin : Caspian Sea
spreading : very low
Height : 102-123 cm
colors : all except piebald
application : children riding, driving

Kathiawari The Kathiawari is a pony breed from the Indian island of Kathiawar, which looks more like a thoroughbred than a pony.
Kathiawari 2.jpg

Origin : Kathiawar, 14th century
Breeding area : India
Distribution : India
Height : 140–148 cm
Colors : brown, foxes, white horses and piebalds
Application area : riding and sport horse

Kazakh As Kazakh refers to a group of horse breeds from the Asian steppe. The most important variants of the breed are the Aedav, a type of riding horse and the Jabe, which is bred for meat and milk production.
SB - Kazakh man on horse with golden eagle.jpg

Origin : Kazakhstan
Breeding area : predominantly West Kazakhstan
Distribution : approx. 300,000 animals
Height : Stallions 144 cm, mares 142 cm
Colors : Dark browns, browns, foxes, rarely duns or molds Area of
application : Meat and milk production, riding

Kentucky Mountain Saddle Horse The Kentucky Mountain Saddle Horse (KMSH) is a close relative of the Rocky Mountain Horse and is one of the North American gaited horse breeds. The country of origin of the Kentucky Mountain Saddle Horse is Kentucky and the nearby Appalachian region in the USA.
KMSH, 3 years old.jpg

Origin : Kentucky and Appalachian Mountains
Breeding area : USA
Distribution : USA, Canada, occasionally Europe
Height : A: from 144 cm; W: 112–143 cm
Colors : all colors except piebald
Areas of application : trail riding, western riding, driving

Kinsky horse The Kinsky horse (also Equus Kinsky , Chlumetzer and Böhmischer Hunter ) is a horse of the type of a light warmblood horse, which was bred in its country of origin Bohemia in today's Czech Republic until the middle of the 20th century and was represented there as the predominant breed.
Jerome Kinsky Zlosyn 2005.jpg

Origin : Bohemia
Breeding Area : Czech
distribution : very small
Stick measure : 158-175 cm
Color : Isabel and dun
application : Equestrian

Kisbéri also: Kisbéri félvér , Kisbérer half-blood
Whiskey, egy Kisbéri félvér1.jpg
Kiso pony Japanese: 木 曽 馬
木 曽 駒 1.jpg
Kladruber The Kladruber is a Czech horse breed, originally from the national stud in Kladruby nad Labem (on the Elbe), an Austro-Hungarian stud establishment comparable to that in Lipica. It was originally bred as a carriage horse, but is now increasingly used for riding purposes.

Origin : Czech Republic
Distribution : low
Height : approx. 167 cm
Colors : only white and black horses Area of
application : Driving and baroque riding

Small German riding horse Small German Riding Horse is the name of a horse breed bred in Germany.
Knabstrupper The Knabstrupper is a horse breed from Denmark. They are mostly conspicuously drawn tiger piebalds.
Heike Damensattel Geschnitt.jpg

Origin : Denmark
Breeding area : Germany / Denmark
Distribution : Germany / Denmark
Height : 153–157 cm
Colors : Tiger piebald
Application area : High school, dressage, riding and driving horse, vaulting

Konik The Konik (from Polish: horses , small horse ) is a Ponyrasse from Central and Eastern Europe. The ponies are very robust and are used both in agriculture and in the conservation of nature reserves, for example in the Oostvaardersplassen, in the German nature reserves Geltinger Birk (Baltic Sea) and Wöhrdener Loch (Speichererkoog, Dithmarschen), and in the Polish Białowieża National Park, where they live wild.

Origin : Poland
Breeding area : Poland (private, state and wild farms)
dissemination : Poland
Height : 130-140 cm
Color : Grauf albums with wild drawing and Gray-brown, Isabell, mold, Brown
Application : breeding and agriculture

Corsican pony The Corsican pony (Corsican cavallu corsu or paganacce ) is a small riding horse native to Corsica.
Jument de race Corse.jpg

Origin : Corsica
Breeding area : Corsica
Distribution : Corsica
Height : 138–150 cm
Colors : brown, black-brown, black
Area of ​​application : leisure riding, trail riding

Croatian cold blood The Croatian draft horse ( Hrvatski Hladnokrvnjak ) is an autochthonous Croatian draft horse breed.
Hrvatski hladnokrvnjak.jpg

Origin : Croatia
Breeding area : Croatia
Distribution : regional
Height : 150–160 cm
Colors : mostly brown, then black, fox and gray; other colors seldom
Application : tensile, forestry and agricultural work

Kushum The Kushum (other names: Kushumskaya (Russian), West Kazakh Saddle-Draft (English)) is a new breed of horse from Kazakhstan that was bred between 1931 and 1976.

Height : 150–160 cm.
Colors : brown and foxes. Area of
application : jumping

Kustanai The modern Kustanai is a massive horse from western Kazakhstan that combines the advantages of a riding horse with the robustness of a steppe horse. It is named after the Kustanai stud, which in turn is named after the city of Kustanai.
Stamp of Kazakhstan 368.jpg

Origin : Kazakhstan
breeding area : Kustanai, Chelyabinsk, southern Kazakhstan
dissemination : Kustanai, Chelyabinsk, southern Kazakhstan
Height : 152-163 cm
Color : Brown, Dark Brown, foxes, dun
application : racing, horse riding

KWPN The KWPN (Koninklijk Warmbloed Paard Nederland) or Dutch Warmblood is a young breed of horse that emerged from the cross between Gelderlanders and Groningers.

Origin : Netherlands
Breeding area : Netherlands
Distribution : Europe, USA
Height : 165–170 cm
Colors : all, mostly bay and foxes Area of
use : Sport horse for all disciplines (dressage, jumping, driving, eventing)


race description image Brief information
Landais pony The Landais pony is a French breed of horse. The ponies are named after their place of origin, the French province of Landes. There they lived semi-wild in the forests of the Les Landes region on the Bay of Biscay.
Poney landais ninja modele.jpg

Origin : Landes an der Biscaya
Breeding area : Landes an der Biscaya
Height : 120–147 cm
Colors : black horses, foxes and browns, rarely mold
Areas of application : dressage, jumping and driving, trotting

Lehmkuhlener pony The Lehmkuhlener pony is a rare pony breed from Schleswig-Holstein. It comes from the Lehmkuhlen estate near Preetz in Schleswig-Holstein and was initially established as a private breed by Agnes Baroness von Donner in the first quarter of the 20th century. Later it was listed in the herdbook of the German Small Horse Studbook at the Association of Small Horse Breeders Germany eV. With a population of 13 animals in 2000, including 8 stallions and 5 mares, it is listed in Category I (extremely endangered) in the Red List of the Society for the Conservation of Old and Endangered Domestic Breeds .

Origin : Plön district, Gut Lehmkuhlen
Height : 125–140 cm
Colors : brown, gray, black horses, foxes Area of
use : riding and carriage ponies

Latvian cold blood The Latvian draft horse (Latvian Latvijas ardenis , Latvian Ardennes) is a medium-weight draft horse of the Swedish Ardennes type. Today this breed has almost disappeared.

Origin : Latvia
Breeding area : Baltic states
Distribution : Baltic states, very small
Height : around 160 cm
Colors : foxes, browns, molds Area of
use : draft and work horse

Latvian Warmblood The Latvian Warmblood is a breed of horse from Latvia.

Origin : Latvia
Height : 155–180 cm
Colors : dark brown, black, fallow or foxes, occasionally gray Area of
application : riding and draft horse

Leutstettener The Leutstetten horse (also known as the Sárvár horse ) is a rather rare horse breed (approx. 50 specimens) that was bred in the Leutstetten stud in Bavaria until 2006. Breeding is now in the hands of a few private breeders. In terms of type, the Leutstetten horse is a noble half-breed.

Origin : Sarvar
breed area : Bavaria and Hungary
spread : rarely
Stick measure : 155-165 cm
Color : Brown, little white markings
operational area : Riding and driving horse

Lewitzer The Lewitzer is a pony breed from Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.

Origin : Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
breeding region : Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
distribution : small
Height : 130-148 cm
Color : mainly Tobianoschecken
application : sports and children's riding horse

Liebenthal horse The Liebenthaler horse (also known as Liebenthaler Wildpferd , Liebenthaler Wildling or simply Liebenthaler ) was created in 1960 as a forest tarpan re-breeding project from a cross between Fjord horses and Koniks.

Origin : Bavaria, Brandenburg
breeding region : Brandenburg
distribution : Germany
Height : 130-145 cm
Color : cream-colored all shades with dorsal stripe and Zebrierung
application : wild horse, riding horse, grazing projects

Lipizzaner The Lipizzaner , (Slovenian: Lipicanec ), this name appears for the first time in 1786, is the oldest cultivated horse breed in the world. The Karster , as it was called earlier, is closely associated with the Habsburg family. This breed got its name from the Lipica Stud, the original breeding facility in the former Habsburg monarchy.
Favory Pallavicina.jpg

Origin : Lipica, at inception Inner Austria, today Slovenia
breed area : former Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austria-Hungary
dissemination : low and endangered livestock breed
Height : 155-165 cm
Color : milk-white horse, rare bay, black, foxes and dun
application : riding and driving horse

Lithuanian cold blood The Lithuanian draft horse , also known as the Lithuanian heavy draft horse , is a cold blood horse breed from Lithuania, which was bred on the basis of the indigenous landrace Žemaituka. The Lithuanian draft horse is bred in almost all parts of Lithuania.
Lithuanian Heavy Draft.jpg

Origin : Lithuania
breed area : Lithuania
Height : 152-162 cm
Color : Brown, Fox, Black, Gray
Application : Radius / workhorse, farm work, horse slaughter

Locals The Lokaier is a horse breed of oriental descent from Tajikistan.

Origin : Tajikistan
Breeding area : Tajikistan
Distribution : often
height : 142–150 cm
Colors : brown, gray, foxes Area of
application : Riding and pack horse

Losino zaldia1.JPG
Lusitano The Lusitano is a Portuguese horse breed that is of the Baroque type.
Cheval lusitanien1.jpg

Origin : Portugal
breed area : Portugal
spread : low
Height : 155-165 cm
colors : all colors
Application : Dressage, High School


race description image Brief information
Malakan (Ardahan) The Malakan is a Turkish horse breed from Eastern Anatolia. It is the only cold blood breed in Turkey.

Origin : Turkey
Breeding area : Turkey
Distribution : mainly in Eastern Anatolia in Turkey
Height : 135–145 cm
Colors : black, brown and gray Area of
use : work horse, draft horse

Mangalarga Marchador The Mangalarga Marchador (also Mangalarga Mineiro ) is a Brazilian horse breed that originated in the state of Minas Gerais and should not be confused with the Mangalarga (also Mangalarga Paulista ) horse breed, which originated in the state of São Paulo .
Mangalarga Marchador Conformação.jpg

Origin : Brazil
Breeding area : Brazil
Height : 140–157 cm
Colors : all
Area of ​​application : Shepherd horse, cross country riding, work horse, art riding, rodeo

Mangalarga Paulista The Mangalarga or Mangalarga Paulista is a Brazilian horse breed that was created in the state of São Paulo during the first three decades of the 20th century by crossing horses of the Mangalarga Marchador breed with horses of breeds of Anglo-Saxon origin such as Morgan, American Saddlebred and Hackney. Mangalarga Paulista and Mangalarga Marchador have different breeding regulations, breeding goals and breeders associations and should therefore not be confused with one another.
Mangalarga Paulista.jpg

Origin : Brazil
Breeding area : Brazil
Height : 155 cm
Colors : all
Area of ​​use : Shepherd horse, cross country riding, leisure riding, sport riding, rodeo

Maremmano The Maremmano is a horse from the Maremma in southern Tuscany, which was previously used as a carriage and shepherd horse, but has been further developed in recent years with a view to riding horses.
Marmemmano6 standing aisle.jpg

Origin : Maremma
Breeding area : Maremma
Distribution : almost only in Italy
Height : approx. 160 cm
Colors : brown Area of
application : Shepherd horse

Marwari The Marwari is a very sturdy Indian breed of horses known for their sickle ears.
Humayun, Marwari Stallion of Virendra Kankariya.jpg

Origin : Northwest India
Breeding area : Marwar (Jodhpur)
Distribution : rarely
Height : 145–165 cm
Colors : All
Area of ​​use : Riding horse

Mecklenburg warmblood The Mecklenburg is a German horse breed.

Origin : Germany
Breeding area : Redefin State Stud
Distribution : few, approx. 90 stallions and approx. 1,500 mares
Height : 150–170 cm
Colors : all basic colors Area of
application : Riding horse

Međimurec The Međimurec ( Međimurje horse outdated, Murinsulaner ) is an autochthonous Croatian draft horse - horse breed originating from the Međimurje County .
Međimurski konj (Croatia) .jpg

Origin : Croatia
breed area : Croatia, Slovenia, Hungary, Austria
spread : regional
Height : 155-165 cm
Colors : usually brown (from light to dark), Black Brown or Black ; other colors seldom
Application : Tension Agricultural Works

Menorcans The Menorquiner (cat. Menorquí , Spanish. Menorquín ), officially known as the pure-bred Menorcan horse ( Caballo de Pura Raza Menorquina , PRM for short ), is an Iberian horse breed originating from the Spanish island of Menorca.
Menorca jaleo.jpg

Origin : Menorca
breed area : Menorca
distribution : mainly in Menorca, sporadically in the rest of Europe
Height : about 155-165 cm
colors : Sable
application : Dressage, appearances at festivals

Mérens The Mérens is a medium-sized, stocky mountain horse (also known as the Ariègeois horse ) from France. It is similar to the fur pony and the Dales pony.
Nickel de Vives.jpg

Origin : France
Breeding area : Pyrenees
Distribution : France, Spain, Italy
Height : 133–150 cm
Colors : Rappen
Application area : Riding and driving horse, agricultural work, light draft horse, pack horse

Messara horse The Messara horse (also called Cretan horse ) is a breed of horse that is native to the Greek island of Crete. The main distribution area is in the province of Heraklion, which is also where the Messara Plain is located, which explains the name of the breed.

Origin : Crete
Breeding area : Crete
Distribution : Greece, low
height : 120–140 cm
Colors : brown, black horse, gray Area of
use : riding horse, transport horse

Mini Shetland Pony The mini Shetland pony is a breed form of the Shetland pony and has its origin in England.
Baby and mom mini shetland1.JPG

Origin : England
Breeding area : England
Distribution : Europe
Height : maximum 87 cm
Colors : all
Area of ​​application : Children's horse, driving horse

Misaki pony also: Miysaki pony , Japanese: 御 崎 馬
Missouri Fox Trotter The Missouri Fox Trotter was bred in the Ozark Plateau area in the American states of Arkansas and Missouri in the 1820s and is one of the oldest American horse breeds.
Mo fox trotter 2.jpg

Origin : Missouri
Breeding area : USA
Distribution : USA strong, otherwise small
Height : 142–163 cm
Colors : all
Area of ​​use : Riding and work horse

Miyako pony The Miyako pony (Japanese 宮 古 馬 , Miyako-uma ) is a pony breed from Miyako Island, which is part of Okinawa Prefecture in Japan. Along with the Hokkaido, Kiso, Noma, Taishu, Misaki, Tokara and Yonaguni pony, it is one of 8 endemic horse breeds still in existence in Japan.
Miyako uma.JPG

Origin : Miyako
Breeding area : Miyako, Aguni
Distribution : Miyako, Aguni
Height : 142 cm
Colors : brown, fallow Area of
application : riding, agricultural work

Mongolian horse The Mongolian horse ( Mongolian Морь , Morj ; [mœɾ] ) is the declared favorite animal of the Mongols, and not just since Genghis Khan conquered half the world with their help. The traditionally living nomads keep over 3 million animals, so there are significantly more horses in the country than human inhabitants. Despite their small size, the Mongols do not like to hear their horses called "ponies".

Origin : Mongolia
breeding area : Mongolia
proliferation : Mongolia, Inner Mongolia
Height : 130-145 cm
Colors : All
application : riding horse, packhorse , dairy farming, slaughter

Beautiful bay Morab.jpg
Morgan The Morgan is an American horse breed that goes back to the stallion Figure .

Origin : USA, 19th century
Breeding area : USA
Distribution : outside the USA small
Height : 145–155 cm
Colors : mostly brown and black horses, also foxes Area of
application : Riding, driving and show horse

Murgese The Murgese is an Italian horse breed that has to be classified as a type between warm blood and cold blood.
Murgese5 standing aisle.jpg

Origin : Apulia
breeding area : Italy, Apulia, area around Murgia, Puglia
distribution : hardly outside the farming area
Height : 148-164 cm
Colors : usually black horses, occasionally dark gray
application : Space out work, police horse, equestrian tourism

mustang Mustang is the name of the wild horses of America. They have been known since the 16th century.

Origin : North America
Breeding area : feral horses; no specific breeding
distribution : North America
Height : inconsistent about 140-150 cm
colors : all colors and drawings


race description image Brief information
Namibian wild horse The Namibian wild horses (also known as Namib horses for short ) or simply desert horses or, rarely, also Namibs live on the edge of the Namib in the southwest of Namibia and can be observed at Garub about 20 km west of Aus.

Origin : Europe / Namibia
Breeding area : Namibia
Distribution : Namib desert
Colors : Predominantly brown
Application area : -


Origin : Tibet

Narragansett Pacer extinct breed

Origin : New England
Breeding area : USA

Neapolitans The Neapolitan was a horse breed bred in the Kingdom of Naples, which was considered the best for dressage purposes in the Baroque and which helped to shape the breeding of Baroque horses throughout Europe. Two of the six main lines of the Lipizzaner can be traced back to Neapolitans (Conversano and Nepolitano).

Origin : Naples
Breeding area : Naples
Distribution : Europe, now extinct
Colors : Black
Application area : Charger, high school

Nederlands Mini Paarden
New Forest pony The New Forest pony is an easy-going riding pony from southern England.
New-forest Rockenrol Gevaudan.jpg

Origin : England
Breeding area : England
Distribution : Europe-wide, in Germany approx. 70 stallions and approx. 450 broodmares
Height : up to 148 cm
Colors : all except piebalds, tigers and blue-eyed palominos Area of
application : driving and children's pony

Dutch cold blood The Dutch draft horse (Nederlands Trekpaard) is a Dutch breed of horse that was originally bred as a workhorse specializing in tensile loads. It was mainly used on heavy soils in agriculture but also in industry. Today the trek couple is mainly used in the leisure sector and as a tourist attraction. The horse is also used in traditional ring rides in Zeeland, where it is decorated and ridden without a saddle.
Dutch Draft.jpg

Origin : Netherlands
Breeding area : Netherlands
Distribution : Netherlands
Height : 160–170 cm
Colors : mostly brown
roan Application area : work horse, leisure horse

Noma pony Japanese: 野 間 馬
Noma-Uma in Tennōji Zoo 3.jpg
Vernier The Nonius is the oldest Hungarian warmblood horse breed that does not go back to the native Hungarian landrace. It was founded in 1816 by the Anglo-Normans stallion Nonius in the Hungarian stud Mezöhegyes .
Noniusz mezohegyes.jpg

Origin : Hungary, 19th century
Breeding area : Hungary
Distribution : low, especially in the neighboring countries
Height : 145–165 cm
Colors : mostly brown and black horses
Application area : work and sport horse, draft horse, riding horse, leisure horse

Nooitgedacht pony
Nordland lyng horse also: Nordland horse , Nordlandshest , Lofoten pony
Northern Swedish draft horse The northern Swedish draft horse is a very hard-working little draft horse. The neck is short and thick. The mane is very thick and coarse. The head looks square. The shoulders are sloping, so the horse has a good ability to gallop. The horse is about 160 cm tall and can be found in all basic colors.

Origin : Sweden
Breeding area : Sweden
Distribution : Sweden
Height : 145–160 cm
Colors : brown, black horses, foxes and colors lightened by the cream gene, graver-haired horses. Area of
application : forestry, carriage horses

Norfolk Trotter
Confidence-Norfolk Trotter.jpg

Origin : England
Area of ​​use : Carriage horses

Noriker The Noriker is a medium-weight, strong and persistent mountain cold blood horse . The breeding area includes the mountain ranges of the Austrian and German Alps. The Southern German Cold Blood is a cold blood breed that emerged from the Noriker horse and into which other breeds were crossed from the Second World War. A smaller type of Noriker was the Abtenauer , which was bred in Abtenau, but has meanwhile been incorporated into the modern Noriker population in Austria.
Noriker from the Elmar Line.jpg

Origin : Austria
Breeding area : Austria and Bavaria
dissemination : outside the main farming area small
Height : 155-165 cm
Color : almost all
application : riding and carriage horse

Norwegian fjord horse The Norwegian fjord horse (also Norwegian , fjord horse or fjord pony ) is a horse breed that originates from the coastal areas of Norway.
Cheval fjord 00004.jpg

Origin : Norway
Breeding area : Scandinavia
Distribution : Norway, Germany, Denmark, Western Europe
Height : 135–150 cm
Colors : Falben
Application area : Leisure riding, pack horse, draft horse


race description image Brief information
Oil horse The Öland horse , also known as the Ölännigen , was a horse breed on the Swedish island of Öland in the Baltic Sea. The breed died out in the early 20th century. There are efforts to breed new.

Origin : Öland
Distribution : extinct
Height : up to 105 cm

Austrian warmblood The Austrian Warmblood is a warm-blooded horse breed that goes back to the Old Austrian Warmblood .

Origin : Austria
Breeding area : Austria
Distribution : Austria
Height : from 160 cm
Colors : all
Area of ​​use : Sport horse

Oldenburg The Oldenburger is a German riding horse breed. It is named after the main breeding area Oldenburg in Northern Germany with one of the largest German horse breeding associations. There has been evidence that the so-called "Old Oldenburgs" have been bred here since the early 17th century. Today the Oldenburg is a well-known type of sport horse with great international success.

Origin : Germany, 17th century
Breeding area : Oldenburg
Distribution : mainly in Germany, approx. 310 breeding stallions and approx. 8,400 brood mares
Height : 165–179 cm
Colors : black horses, bay horses, foxes, gray Area of
use : sport horses and carriage horses

Les races chevalines (Page 107) BHL22833161 (cropped) .jpg
Orlov trotter The Orlov trotter is a breed of horse from Russia. Its breeding began at the end of the 18th century.

Origin : Chrenowoje near Bobrov, today Voronezh Oblast
Breeding area : Russia
Distribution : almost exclusively Russia
Height : approx. 160 cm
Colors : mold, foxes, browns, blacks Area of
application : Driving, agriculture

East Frisians / Old Oldenburg Horses of formerly independent breeds for which a joint stud book has existed since the late 1980s are referred to as old Oldenburg and East Frisians . The horse breed is now known under the common name Ostfriese / Alt-Oldenburger .

Origin : East Friesland
breeding region : East Frisia
distribution : small
Height : 158-168 cm
colors : chestnut, black, brown, gray
Application : Driving Horse


race description image Brief information
Paint Horse The Paint Horse is a piebald horse breed that originated in the American Quarter Horse. His monochrome offspring were formerly known as Breeding Stock , today as Solid Paint Bred Horse . In the 1960s, the American Paint Horse Association was founded.
Paint Horse REFON.jpg

Origin : USA, 18th Century
breeding region : USA
distribution : worldwide
Height : 142-158 cm
Color : piebald
application : Western riding

Panjepferd The Panje horse (from panje = Russian or Polish farmer) was used in agriculture in Eastern Europe and was known for its toughness and undemanding nature. Perhaps the conical shape can be seen as an ancestral form, but Panjepferde rather emerged from haphazard crossings. The "Panjepferd" is more the agricultural horse of Eastern Europe than a breed name.
Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-215-0366-03A, Russia, soldier, horse in winter.jpg

Origin : Eastern Europe (Poland), Russia, Ukraine
Breeding area : Eastern Europe
distribution : small
Height : 130-148 cm
colors : dark gray, mouse gray, fawn
Application : breeding and agriculture

Paso Fino Paso Fino is a South American gaited horse breed. Paso Fino means translated: “fine walk”. A horse gait is named after them.
Vesuvio Bien Vee - Paso Fino Bellas Formas National Champion 3 Year Old Gelding in 2001;  photo taken in May of 2006.JPG

Origin : Colombia, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola
Breeding area : USA, Colombia
Distribution : mainly in the breeding area
Height : 140–155 cm
Colors : all
Area of ​​use : riding horse, show horse and leisure horse

Paso Iberoamericano The Paso Iberoamericano is to gaited horses counting horse breed from Costa Rica .
Paso Iberoamericano foal.jpg

Origin : Costa Rica
Breeding area : Costa Rica
Distribution : mainly in the breeding area
Height : 144–160 cm
Colors : all colors except piebalds Area of
use : Riding horse, show horse and leisure horse

Paso Peruano The Paso Peruano or Caballo de Paso is a horse breed from South America.
Peruvian Paso.jpg

Origin : Peru
Breeding Area : Peru
distribution : Peru, United States, Europe
Height : 142-155 cm
Colors : all, pintos are not approved for breeding
area of application : Leisure Riding

Peneia pony The Peneia pony is a breed of horse originating from the Greek province of Eleia.

Origin : Greece
Height : 127-142 cm
Color : stitchhaired, fox, sable
application : agriculture, transport and riding horse

Percheron The Percheron is a cold-blooded horse breed from the Le Perche region in Normandy.
Percheron 3 standing right.jpg

Origin : Le Perche, France
Breeding Area : South of France
distribution : France, Britain, Russia, North and South America, South Africa, Australia, Japan
Height : 150-165 cm (small), 165-180 (large)
colors : gray, rarely black horses
Application : Train / work horse, slaughter, agricultural work

Palatinate-Ardennes The Palatinate-Ardennes is a comparatively young horse breed that originated around 1900. The breeding basis is characterized by breeding animals of the French draft horses, such as Lorraine, Comtois and Ardennes in particular, as well as Belgians, Rhenish German draft horses and Bavarian draft horses.
Zoo Worms Pfalz Ardenner 2011.JPG

Breeding area : Rhineland-Palatinate-Saar
Height : 152 to 162 cm
Colors : foxes, bay horses, black horses, gray Area of
use : work horse , leisure horse

Pindos pony The Pindos pony (Greek: αλογάκι της Πίνδου) is a pony breed from the Pindos Mountains near Thessaly and Epirus in Greece.

Origin : Greece
Height : under 141 cm
Colors : all basic colors Area of
application : Mountain pony

Poitevin The Poitevin , also called le Cheval Moulassier Poitevin or simply Moulassier , is a cold-blooded horse breed.
Leonardo 11, Poitevin stallion.jpg

Origin : Poitou
Breeding area : France
Distribution : France
Height : mares 160, stallions 168 cm
Colors : mostly duns Area of
use : Mule breeding

Polo Argentino The Polo Argentino ( Argentine polo pony ) is a breed of horse from Argentina.

Origin : Argentina
Breeding area : Argentina
Distribution : worldwide
Height : on average 156 cm
Colors : all
Application area : Polo

Pony of the Americas The Pony of the Americas is a horse breed that originated in the USA in 1954.
Pony of the Americas.jpg

Origin : USA, 1954
Breeding area : USA
distribution : in the United States strong, low in Europe
Height : 117-142 cm
Color : Tigerschecken
application : Sport Horse

Posavina horse The Posavina horse (also Croatian Posavac ; Croatian hrvatski posavac [ ˈpɔːsaʋats ], "posavski konj" or "posavski bušak" ) is a breed of horse from Croatia that is counted among the cold-blooded horses. As the name of the Posavina horse suggests, the breed comes from the Croatian area around the Sava River in Slavonia, also called Posavina. In the immediate vicinity is the Turopolje region, which is why the breed of horse is often referred to as the Turopolje horse.
Posavec horse Sentrupert dec 26 2009.jpg

Origin : Croatia
breeding region : Croatia and Slovenia
Height : 140-150 cm
Colors : usually dark colors
Application : Draft Horse

Pottok pony The Pottok pony [ 'pocok ] is an old, rare pony breed from the Basque Country. Pottok , with a certain article also Pottoka , means “little horse” in the Basque language. The animals still live semi-wild in the western Pyrenees, both in France and in Spain. In Spain they are also known under the name Poni Vasco Navarro , as they are kept in the autonomous regions of the Basque Country and Navarre.
Pottok Pony.jpg

Origin : Basque Country
breeding region : France, Spain
Height : 115-147 cm
colors : all except mold

Przewalski horse The Przewalski horse is also known under the name Takhi, Asian wild horse or Mongolian wild horse and is an endangered Mongolian wild horse which has long been thought to be the last living wild horse breed. In the meantime, the horse breed became extinct in the wild, but around 2,000 specimens are now living in Mongolia again .
Upright Przewalski horse Pforzheim.JPG
Origin : entire Eurasian steppe

Breeding area : only a few large landowners in Europe and Asia

Height : 120-146 cm

Colors : light brown to slightly reddish with a dark mane and tail

Pura Raza Española The Pura Raza Española (in German Pure Spanish Race , abbreviated PRE or PRE) is a horse breed that originated in Spain and has been strictly regulated since 1912. The horses belong to the Spanish pedigree horses known for a long time under the somewhat vague generic term Andalusians. The breed is also known as the Iberian horse and is mainly bred in the Extremadura and Andalusia regions. PRE horses have a proven parentage (stud book and licensing).
Andalusian 3 - galloping.jpg

Origin : Spain
Breeding area : Spain, especially the south-east (Extremadura and Andalusia)
Distribution : worldwide
Height : 150–162 cm
Colors : very often gray, besides fallow, brown, black horse, occasionally foxes Area of
application : Riding horse up to high school, breeding


race description image Brief information
Quarab The Quarab Horse is a cross between the Arabian thoroughbred and the American breeds Paint Horse or Quarter Horse.

Origin : USA, 1950s
Breeding area : USA, Europe
Distribution : worldwide
Height : 145–160 cm
Colors : all colors except tiger piebald
Application area : Western riding, dressage, jumping, driving, leisure

Quarter pony Pony version of the quarter horse
Quarter Horse Pony.jpg
Quba Quba is a breed of horses from Azerbaijan.

Origin : Azerbaijan
Breeding area : Azerbaijan
Distribution : Azerbaijan
Height : 150 cm
Area of ​​application : Carrying and utility horse


race description image Brief information
Racking Horse The Racking Horse is an American gaited horse breed that was created around 1970 with the establishment of its own register and the determination of the breeding goal. Tennessee Walking Horse lines were significantly involved in breeding. The breed has its own organization, the Racking Horse Breeders' Association of America , based in Decatur, AL.

Origin : USA, 1970
Breeding area : USA
Height : 150–160 cm
Colors : all including piebalds

Rahvan (horse) The Rahvan is a breed of horse from Turkey.

Origin : Turkey
Breeding area : Turkey
Distribution : low
Application area : Riding and farm horse

Retuerta horse The Retuerta horse is an indigenous breed of horse in Andalusia.

Origin : Spain

Rhenish-German draft horse The Rhenish-German draft horse , often incorrectly referred to as the Rhenish-Westphalian draft horse , is a strong, broad-built draft and work horse from North Rhine-Westphalia. Today it is threatened with extinction and is on the red list of endangered domestic livestock breeds in Germany.
Rheinisch-Deutsches Kaltblut.jpg

Origin : North Rhine-Westphalia
Breeding area : Westphalia
Distribution : occasionally
Height : 158–170 cm
Colors : Brown, foxes, black, brown and fox molds Area of
application : draft and work horse

Rhenish warmblood The Rhenish Warmblood is a relatively young German horse breed.
Rhinelander Snow.JPG

Origin : North Rhine-Westphalia
Breeding area : Rhineland
Height : 160–170 cm
Colors : all basic colors Area of
use : Riding horse


Origin : Tibet

Rocky Mountain Horse The Rocky Mountain Horse is a fairly young breed of gaited horse. It does not come from the Rocky Mountains, as the name misleadingly suggests, but from the Appalachians. In the literature it is also referred to as the Rocky Mountain Pony or the Rocky Mountain Saddlehorse .

Origin : Kentucky
breeding area : USA, Canada
distribution : USA, Canada, Europe
Height : from 147.3 to 162.5 cm
Color : Brown preferred
field of application : Recreation

Rottaler horse The Rottaler horse is a strong warmblood horse, which until the middle of the 20th century was the predominant breed in the Lower Bavarian Rottal.

Origin : Lower Bavaria, 11th century
Breeding area : Rottal
Distribution : low
Height : 160–165 cm
Colors : brown and black horses Area of
application : Sport horse

Russian trotter The Russian trotter (originally Metis trotter ) is a breed of horse that arose from the cross of the Orlov trotter and the American Standardbred at the beginning of the 20th century.
Russky rysak.jpg

Origin : Russia beginning to the middle of the 20th century
Breeding area : Russia
Height : mares from 160 cm, stallions from 163 cm
Colors : mostly brown Area of
application : horse racing

Russian cold blood The Russian cold blood or Russian Ardennes is a cold blood horse breed whose breeding origin is in Russia.

Origin : Russia
Breeding area : Urals and Ukraine
Distribution : only in the breeding area
Height : 150–160 cm
Colors : red mold and foxes Area of
use : work horse, slaughter


race description image Brief information
Sable Island pony The Sable Island Pony is a very rare breed of pony that evolved through isolation on an island over time and natural selection.
Sable Island Horse.jpg

Origin : Canada - Sable Iceland
Breeding Area : Canada - Sable Iceland
distribution : Canada - Sable Iceland
Height : about 132-142 cm
color : brown, chestnut, black
Application : riding, driving

Saxony-Anhalt warmblood
Saxon-Thuringian cold blood The Saxon-Thuringian cold blood is a breed of cold blood horse.

Origin : Saxony and Thuringia
Breeding area : Saxony
Distribution : low
Height : 158–165 cm
Colors : mostly black horses, foxes and browns Area of
application : Agriculture and forestry

Saxon-Thuringian heavy warmblood The Saxon-Thuringian Heavy Warmblood is a horse breed from the breeding areas of Saxony and Thuringia. This breed, which is not to be confused with the Saxon-Thuringian cold blood, which is also bred, is often referred to simply as the heavy warmblood .

Origin : Saxony and Thuringia
Breeding area : Saxony
Distribution : low
Height : 157–165 cm
Colors : mostly black and brown Field of
application : Driving horse

Salerner The Salerner is one of the most attractive warm-blooded breeds in Italy. Overall he has an attractive appearance and is a good type of cavalry horse with a good jumping ability.

Origin : Italy
Breeding area : Italy
Distribution : low
Height : 163 cm
Colors : all clear colors
Area of ​​application : Riding horse

Sardinian horse Sardinian horse , also Sardinian Anglo-Arab or Sardo for short , is the name of a Sardinian warm-blooded breed that originated in the 16th century. The horses are known in their homeland as tough and persistent riding horses and good jumpers. They are tough and willing to perform and are described as courageous and intelligent.
Cavallo Anglo Arabo Sardo.JPG

Origin : Sardinia
Breeding area : Sardinia
Height : approx. 157 cm
Colors : mostly brown or fox, rarely gray or black

Schleswig cold blood The Schleswig draft horse is a friendly draft horse from Northern Germany (Schleswig-Holstein). Today it is threatened with extinction and is on the red list of endangered domestic livestock breeds in Germany.

Origin : Schleswig-Holstein, Denmark
Breeding area : Schleswig-Holstein
Distribution : Germany approx. 30 breeding stallions and approx. 210 broodmares
Height : 156–162 cm
Colors : mostly foxes, also black horses, gray horses, browns Area of
use : draft and driving horses, work horses

Black Forest cold blood The Black Forest Cold Blood (also: Schwarzwälder, Schwarzwälder Fuchs, St. Märgener Fuchs, Wälderpferd) is an old breed of horse that was bred especially for heavy forest work under unfavorable conditions in the Black Forest, but is now enjoying increasing popularity as a leisure horse. It is on the red list of endangered domestic livestock breeds in Germany.
Black Forest stallion.jpg

Origin : Germany
Breeding area : Black Forest
dissemination : low
Height : 148-160 cm
Colors : Foxes
application : forestry work, Recreation, workhorse

Sweden Ardennes
Tellus the Ardennais horse.jpg
Swedish warmblood The Swedish Warmblood is a horse breed that goes back to a cross between Andalusians, Berbers, Frisians, Hanoverians, Trakehans, English Thoroughbreds and Arabs. Originally bred as an above-average cavalry horse, today it is a modern sport horse, especially suitable for dressage, but also for show jumping, eventing and driving.
Leslie Morse, dressage rider from the United States, with the Swedish Warmblood stallion "Tip Top", World Cup Final 2007.jpg

Origin : 17th century, Sweden
Breeding area : Sweden
Height : 160–170 cm
Colors : mostly brown and foxes Area of
application : Sport horse

Swiss warmblood The Swiss Warmblood (CH-Warmblood), also called (modern) hermit , is a warm-blooded horse breed that emerged after the Second World War. The most important crossbred Swiss breed is the Hermit ( Cavallo della Madonna ). Today the hermit can no longer be distinguished from the Swiss warmblood.
Swiss Warmblood 2.jpg

Breeding area : Swiss National Stud in Avenches
Height : up to 168 cm
Application area : Sport horse

Sella Italiano also: Italian sport horse
Dairyman horse The Senner horse is a light, medium-sized horse of the Anglo-Arabian type. It's elegant and spirited. At the moment brown is predominant, but all colors are possible. The height is 159 to 165 cm. In the Red List of the Society for the Preservation of Old and Endangered Pet Breeds eV (GEH) the stock of the Senner horse is classified as extremely endangered .

Origin : Germany
Breeding area : Senne
Distribution : very small
Height : 159–165 cm
Colors : all colors possible

Shagya Arabs Shagya Arabs is a breed of horse. The Shagya Arab is an independent breed largely based on thoroughbred Arabs that has more size, substance and riding horse points than its smaller and more delicate brother, the thoroughbred Arab. This breed was developed since the end of the 18th century in the countries of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, especially in today's Hungary, Romania and Czechoslovakia. With the exclusive use of thoroughbred Arabian stallions to increase size and caliber, mares from other countries were occasionally and deliberately used, which was recorded in detail in the stud books.

Origin : countries of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, especially in today's Hungary, Romania and Czechoslovakia
Breeding area : Hungary, Germany
Distribution : Hungary, Germany, Denmark, Switzerland, Austria, Poland, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Romania, USA, Venezuela
Height : 150– 160 cm
Colors : mostly gray, rarely black horses, foxes and browns Area of
application : riding horse, sport horse, breeding

Shetland pony The Shetland pony originally comes from the Shetland Islands. They were brought to mainland Britain during the Industrial Revolution and used as pit ponies in the underground mining industry. Today the sturdy ponies enjoy great popularity as the first riding horses for children as well as strong and persistent driving horses.

Origin : Shetland Islands
Breeding area : England
Distribution : Europe, USA, in Germany approx. 650 breeding stallions and approx. 3000 broodmares
Height : 95–102 cm (CH: no lower limit; upper limit: 107 cm)
Colors : all (in breeding are Tiger piebalds prohibited) Area of
application : children's and driving pony, utility pony

Shire Horse The Shire Horse is a cold-blooded horse and with a maximum weight of more than 1200 kg and an average height at the withers of 178 cm, the largest horse breed in the world.

Origin : Great Britain, 18th century
Breeding area : England , Germany
Distribution : Netherlands, Canada, USA, South Africa, Australia, Japan, England
Height : stallions at least 168 cm, mares at least 163 cm
Colors : bay, black horse, gray, chestnut, each with a minimal Sabino drawing. Field of
application : draft, riding and show horse, agricultural work, carriage horse

Single footing horses Single footing horses are breeding horses.
Scandinavian draft horse The Scandinavian draft horse is a light draft horse breed that resulted from the crossing of the Dölepferde with the North Swedish horse, which is mainly used for trotting in her home country.

Origin : Norway
Breeding area : Norway and Sweden
Height : around 155 cm
Colors : mostly brown, black horses and foxes Area of
use : Trotting

Skyros pony The Skyros pony is an ancient, autochthonous horse breed from the island of Skyros. It is Greece's smallest pony and is also called Hipparion 'little horse' by the locals .
The Skyros pony.jpg

Origin : Skyros
breed area : Greece
Height : 90-115 cm
Color : cream-colored, brown and gray
Application : pack animal, agriculture, children riding horse

Slovak warmblood The Slovak Warmblood is a breed of horse.

Origin : Slovakia
Breeding area : Slovakia
Distribution : low
Height : up to 180 cm
Colors : mostly brown and dapple mold, rarely foxes and black horses. Area of
application : sport horse

Somali pony
Sorraia As Sorraia refers to the descendants of a small population of wild horses from Portugal, which was only discovered in the 1920s. The majority of specialist authors treat the Sorraia as a domestic horse breed, although it may be the Iberian subspecies of the Tarpan.
Vale de Zebro Sorraia Stallions.JPG

Origin : Iberia
Breeding area : Portugal
Distribution : very low
stick size : around 140 cm
Colors : yellow / brown falcon and gray fallow, (rare) dark brown Field of
application : riding, wild

Soviet cold blood also: Soviet pack horse
Spotted Saddle Horse
Spotted Saddle Horse1.jpg
Sudan Country-Bred
Suffolk Punch The Suffolk Punch is a small, stocky, very old horse breed that was mentioned in writing as early as the early 16th century and is known as a powerful draft horse. It is considered good-natured and easy to lead.
Suffolk horses plowing.jpg

Origin : Great Britain
Distribution : Europe, USA, Pakistan, Australia
Height : 163–170 cm
Colors : chestnut Field of
application : heavy draft horse, agricultural work

Sumba pony The Sumba pony is an indigenous breed of horse from the Indonesian island of Sumba, which is very similar to Mongolian and Chinese primitive ponies. It is used as a pack and draft animal in Indonesia. It can also be found in traditional dance competitions, in which it has to make little bells tied to its knees ring by practicing steps. The Sumbawa pony is almost identical to the Sumba pony, it comes from the Indonesian island of Sumbawa.
Sumbawa Horse.jpg

Origin : Indonesia
Breeding area : Indonesia
Height : around 120 cm
Colors : Falben
Application area : pack animals and draft animals


race description image Brief information
Taishu pony Japanese: 対 州 馬 , also: Tsushima pony, Japanese: 対 馬馬
Tennessee Walking Horse The Tennessee Walking Horse is a gaited horse bred in the 19th century from Narragansett Pacer as well as American Standardbred, Morgan, Thoroughbred and American Saddlebred.
Tennessee Walking Horse2.jpg

Origin : USA
Breeding area : USA, especially Tennessee
Distribution : mainly in the breeding area
Height : 153–163 cm
Colors : all
Area of ​​use : Riding and show horse

Tersker The Tersker is a Russian breed of horse.
Basilick tersk.jpg

Origin : Russia
Breeding Area : Russia
spread : mainly in the breeding area
Height : 150-156 cm
Colors : usually mold
application : Turnierpferd

Thessalian horse
Tiger Horse Origin: China / Siberia

Height: 145–165 cm Colors: all (only with stripes) Occurrence: worldwide Breeding area: worldwide Use: all-rounder, gaited horse

Timor pony The Timor pony is a primitive horse breed from the island of Timor. It is the smallest breed of horse in the Southeast Asian islands. It is still used there today as an everyday pack and mount. It is believed to have descended from Indian races imported to the island by the Portuguese and later the Dutch. There were also native ponies that became part of the breed. Timor ponies were also exported to Australia from 1803, where they played a major role in the breeding of the Australian pony.
Horses in Maubisse small.jpg

Origin : Timor
Height : 100–120 cm
Colors : Often brown, black horse and fox, rarely white horse and piebald
Areas of use : riding and pack animal

Tinker Tinker , Irish Tinker , Colored Cob or Gypsy Cob is originally the name for the horse-riding tinker (Tinker) in Great Britain and Ireland, who advanced to become fashion horses in Central Europe in the 1990s. This can also be Irish Cob or Colored Irish Cob (piebald) horses . In the USA these horses are called Gypsy Vanner , in Germany they are simply called Tinker . The principle applies that every Irish cob is a tinker , but not every tinker is an Irish cob .
Tri-colored cob 2.jpg

Origin : Great Britain and Ireland
Breeding area : mainly Europe
Distribution : widespread
Height : 135–170 cm
Colors : all
Area of ​​use : draft horse and riding horse

Tokara pony The Tokara pony (Japanese ト カ ラ 馬 , Tokara-uma ) is a Japanese horse breed that existed in this form before the European discovery of Japan. Along with the Hokkaido, Kiso, Noma, Taishu, Misaki, Miyako and Yonaguni pony, it is one of 8 endemic horse breeds still in existence in Japan.
Tokara-Uma which eat a pasture.jpg

Origin : Takarajima in Japan
breed area : Takarajima
distribution : Kyushu
Height : 108-121 cm
Color : brown, chestnut, black

Tori The Tori horse, also Torgel's horse , is an Estonian horse breed that is based on the Estonian Klepper.
Tori horse universal.jpg

Origin : Tori / Estonia
Breeding Area : Estonia
dissemination : low
Height : 162-168 cm
Color : mainly foxes, as well as Black, Brown, Isabell
application : riding horse, Agriculture

Trotters As Trotter refers several breeds of horses used in harness racing. Modern trotters are the result of targeted horse breeding over generations. Originally, they bred particularly capable carriage horses and the first trotting races were nothing more than special breeding performance tests. Today, trotters are drawn exclusively for the trotting track. In addition to the three basic gaits of walk, trot and canter, many trotters also have a genetic predisposition to tölt and pass through the influence of American Standardbred. In the USA the horses are not only used for trotting races, but also for pass races. The horses run in front of a so-called sulky, in which the driver takes a seat.
Sulky racing Vincennes DSC03735 cropped.JPG

Origin : America, France, Germany, England
Breeding area : worldwide
Distribution : worldwide
Height : 145–175 cm
Colors : mostly brown, some foxes and black horses, rarely mold
Areas of application : race horse, gaited horse, leisure riding, endurance riding, trail riding

Trait you north The Trait du Nord is a French workhorse. It is mainly derived from Dutch and Belgian draft horses and from the Ardennes. There has been a stud book since 1919.
Trait du Nord monte.JPG

Origin : France
Distribution : France
Height : 160–170 cm
Colors : brown, red fox, pin-haired, fox
Area of ​​use : heavy draft horse, agricultural work

Trakehner The Trakehner is one of the most important German riding horse breeds in horse breeding. Trakehner are particularly successful in dressage and eventing, but are also used successfully in show jumping.
Trakehner riding stallion, Neumünster auction 2004.jpg

Origin : Main Stud Trakehnen, 13th century
Breeding area : Germany, Russia, Poland
Distribution : widespread, a total of approx. 280 breeding stallions and approx. 4,500 broodmares
Height : 160–170 cm
Colors : all
Area of ​​use : sport horse, refiner

Trotteur Français The Trotteur Français (German: French Trotter ) is a horse breed that goes back to the refinement of the Anglo-Normans, a chariot horse that was very popular at the end of the 19th century, with the English thoroughbred.
Sulky racing Vincennes DSC03735 cropped.JPG

Origin : Normandy
Breeding area : France
Distribution : worldwide
Height : up to 168 cm
Colors : Bay, Black, Fox
Area of ​​use : Trotting

Czech warmblood
Český teplokrevník - Keep Smiling.jpg
Chernomor horse Was used by the Kazak armies.
Cavendish - L'Art de dresser les chevaux, 1737-page044.jpg


race description image Brief information
Hungarian sport horse also: Hungarian warmblood
TvN, Hungary.JPG
Urfreiberger The original Freiberger is the last horse breed in Switzerland of the "economy type". It embodies the historical Jurassic stroke, the Freiberg draft horse in pure breeding since 1950. This breed is characterized by its versatility in practical use as well as by its good health, robustness, undemanding, its good character and easy handling in training.
Great Barrel Stallion DSC00203 Vasko.JPG

Origin : Switzerland (Jura)
Breeding area : Switzerland
Distribution : vorw. Central Europe
Height : 150–160 cm
Colors : Brown and foxes Area of
use : Working, riding and driving horses

Uzunyayla The Uzunyayla is a horse breed originating from northeast Turkey. It owes its name to a plateau, a river and a town near the city of Erzurum. This breed of horse has existed since at least the 19th century.

Origin : Turkey
Breeding area : Turkey
spreading : northeastern Turkey
Height : 143-153 cm
Colors : brown and dark brown
Application : riding horses, breeding horses


race description image Brief information
Vlaamperd The Vlaamperd (also SA Vlamperd or Vlamperd ) is a horse breed that developed in South Africa beginning in the 19th century. The main basis was Frisians imported from the Netherlands and Belgium.

Origin : South Africa
Breeding area : South Africa
Distribution : South Africa, rarely
height : 147–157 cm
Colors : black horses, mares occasionally dark brown
Application area : driving horse, riding horse

Arabian thoroughb ... The thoroughbred Arabian - also Arabian thoroughbred - is the purely drawn form of the Arabian horse, which belongs to the group of thoroughbreds. Shagya-Arabs, Anglo-Arabs, Arab half-bloods and Arabs are differentiated from pure-bred Arabian thoroughbreds, as they all have a proportion of foreign blood. A thoroughbred Arab, all of which has been proven to go back to original Arabs from the desert breeding of the Bedouins on the Arabian Peninsula, is referred to as "asil" (Arabic: "real"). In German ancestry papers, the Arabian thoroughbred is indicated by an ox after the name.

Origin : Arabian Peninsula
Breeding area : Orient, USA, Great Britain, Hungary, Poland, Germany, Russia
Distribution : worldwide
Height : 140–156 cm
Colors : Frequently mold but also foxes, browns, black horses; Piebalds are tolerated. Area of
application : riding horses, endurance sports, breeding, shows, trail riding


race description image Brief information
Light horse walers.jpg
Belarusian draft horse also: Belarusian pack horse
Walkaloosa American gaited horse breed
Welsh pony The Welsh ponies originate from the Wales region of Great Britain and are now among the most popular riding ponies in Europe. They are divided into the groups Welsh Mountain Pony - including Welsh Pony Section A - Welsh Pony Section B and C , as well as the Welsh Cob - including Welsh Pony Section D .

Origin : Wales / Great Britain
Breeding area : worldwide
Distribution : worldwide
Height : depending on the section…
up to 122 cm (Section A),
up to 137 cm (Sections B and C),
145–155 cm (Section D)
Colors : often mold, foxes, Bay horses, black horses and rarely also black horses. Area of
application : depending on the section, as riding and driving horse

Westphalian The Westphalian is a horse breed and, after the Hanoverian, the second largest closed German warmblood breed.
Avenger - Westphalian horse.jpg

Origin : Westphalia
Breeding area : Westphalia
Distribution : widespread in Germany, approx. 240 breeding stallions and approx. 8,500 brood mares
Height : 165–172 cm
Colors : mostly bay and foxes, rarely black horses and white horses. Area of
use : sport and leisure horse

Wielkopolski The Wielkopolski or Polish Warmblood is one of the most important warmblood horse breeds in Poland. He is a close relative of the Trakehner and is often seen as the Polish equivalent of the Anglo-Arab. A Wielkopolski is a warm-blooded horse with very good aptitudes for eventing.

Origin : Poland
breeding region : Poland, Poznan and Mazury
distribution : Eastern Europe, mainly Poland
Height : 162-168 cm
Colors : All
application : refiners, riding and driving horse

Vyatka horse.jpg
Vladimir cold blood The Vladimir cold blood ( Russian Влади́мирский тяжелово́з / Wladimirski tjaschelowos; also Vladimir horse ) is a cold blood horse breed originating in Russia.

Origin : Russia
Breeding area : Oblast Vladimir and Iwanowo
Distribution : mainly in the breeding area
Height : Stallions 165 cm, mares 162 cm
Colors : Bay horses, foxes and black horses. Area of
application : work, draft and carriage horses

Voronezh horse also: Bitjug horse
Bitjug horse.jpg
Württemberg warmblood The Württemberg Warmblood - also Baden-Württemberg - is a warm blood domestic horse breed, mainly bred in the main and state stud Marbach. Their original cultivated form is now called Altwürttemberger .
Victoria Winter - Proton - Kentucky Cup 2010 - 2.jpg

Origin : Main and State Stud Marbach
Breeding area : Baden-Württemberg
Distribution : low, approx. 100 breeding stallions and approx. 3,900 brood mares
Height : 160–175 cm
Colors : often foxes and browns
Areas of application : Riding and driving, agricultural work


race description image Brief information
Yonaguni pony Japanese: 与 那 国 馬


race description image Brief information
Zangersheid horse

The Zangersheider horse is a modern sport horse in a rectangular format, which is said to be particularly suitable for show jumping . It has been bred at the Belgian stud Zangersheide since the 1970s . Due to its young history and the open breeding policy, the Zangersheider horse is rather inconsistent in appearance and size.

Hessian Prime Minister Katharina Offel on B-Once Z 6 mk.jpg

Origin : Germany, 18th century
Breeding area : Duchy of Palatinate
Distribution : Germany and USA
Height : 160–170 cm
Colors : brown, black horse, fox and gray Area of
use : Sport horse

Žemaitukas The Žemaitukas (Lithuanian; plurality žemaitukas , diminutive to Žemaitis , Samogitians') - also Zhmud or Zhemaichu - is a Ponyrasse from Eastern Europe. The ponies are very robust. Their use in agriculture is declining in favor of use in tourism and equestrian sports.

Origin : Lithuania, especially Samogitia
breeding area : Lithuania (state and private farms)
dissemination : Lithuania
Height : 128-142 cm
Color : Brown, Grauf albums, Gray-brown, gray mold, Sable
Application : breeding and agriculture

Zweibrücker Warmblood The Zweibrücker Warmblood is a German horse breed.
Leonberg & M Gunderson - 2010 Kentucky Cup.jpg

Origin : Germany, 18th century
Breeding area : Duchy of Palatinate
Distribution : Germany and USA
Height : 160–170 cm
Colors : brown, black horse, fox and gray Area of
use : Sport horse

See also


Web links

Commons : Horse Breeds  - Album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Maria Costantino: Handbook of the horse breeds. Munich: Bassermann Verlag Munich 2005, ISBN 3-8094-1773-4
  2. ^ Sue Baker: Exmoor Ponies Survival of the Fittest A natural history. Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society, 2008.
  3. Wild horses for Europe - which breed is the best? | European WILDLIFE. Retrieved January 6, 2018 (cs-CZ).
  4. Pearl Duval, “The Yakut Horse. Blood brother of the Sakha people. ” Translated from the French by Basha O'Reilly. In: The Long Riders Guild Academic Foundation, Equine Breeds and Equestrian Tribalism.
  5. Internet pages of the Liebenthaler Pferdeherde eV ( Memento from August 31, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
  6. Internet pages of the Liebenthaler Pferdeherde eV
  7. Jörn Lehmann, Sylke Stehle: The Liebenthaler horse herd. Neuruppin: Edition Rieger, 2010, ISBN 978-3-941187-15-3
  8. Wilh. von Tettau: The Kazak armies. BoD - Books on Demand, 2014, ISBN 978-3-8460-9632-1 , p. 212 ( limited preview in Google book search).