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|Origin:||Plön district , Gut Lehmkuhlen|
|Main breeding area:|
|Stick measure :||125-140 cm|
|Colors :||Browns, grays, blacks, foxes|
|Main application area:||Riding and carriage pony|
The Lehmkuhlener pony is a rare pony breed from Schleswig-Holstein . It comes from the Lehmkuhlen estate near Preetz in Schleswig-Holstein and was initially established as a private breed by Agnes Baroness von Donner in the first quarter of the 20th century . Later it was listed in the herdbook of the German Small Horse Studbook at the Association of Small Horse Breeders Germany eV. With a population of 13 animals in 2000, including eight stallions and five mares , it is listed in Category I (extremely endangered) in the Society's Red List for the Conservation of Old and Endangered Domestic Breeds .
Background information on horse evaluation and breeding can be found under: Exterior , interior and horse breeding .
White markings on the forehead and pallor as well as on the crown bones. Overall appearance is classy with an appealing exterior. The head is fine and noble with a straight profile, bright eyes and short pony ears. The foundation is reasonably strong, dry and extremely hard. The neck is well shaped and carried, the nape light. The withers are moderate, the back elastic and well lined. The chest is well broad, the shoulders are sloping with sufficient length. The powerful, sloping croup shows a deep tail. Good rib arch and belt depth. Stable hooves and tendons.
Light, expansive movements in all three gaits. Strong push from the hindquarters with excellent jumping ability. In stallions particularly pronounced mane and tail hair growth.
Excellent health, longevity, fertility and sociability. Exceptionally frugal, tough and resilient. Suitable for year-round free range if there is a refuge. Particularly powerful and willing to work.
Entry age from 2½ years, single age from 3 years, first foal age 4 years
The breeding of the Lehmkuhlener ponies was originally based on a few ponies, namely:
“Marquis Ito”, a black stallion who was born in 1914 on Gut Emkendorf and who was bred from two ponies imported from England . The father was "Poobak", who was referred to as Westmoreland . His father was "Mikado", the founder of today's fur ponies. His mother was a mare from the Scottish island of Rum . Similar to the Dülmenern, the Rumponys were a herd of wildlings which, however, must be regarded as extinct. Marquis Ito's mother was “Boanie's Brown”, a mare that came from “a very old line in the New Forest”. “Marquis Ito” was licensed on February 2nd, 1938 in Elmshorn .
"Grille", a mare born in 1907, imported from England by Hagenbeck and who came to Lehmkuhlen in 1913. According to the type, this mare could have been a Dartmoor pony, but possibly also a Westmoreland pony, further information on this mare is not available.
“Wiltrud”, a black mare born in 1921 with a small paleness from the Dülmener Wildpferd (wildling herd) of the Duke of Croÿ . This mare was registered in the small horse studbook in 1936.
"Griseldis", a wild-colored, mouse-gray mare with eel line and zebra stripes on the forelegs, who was also born in 1921 and also comes from the Dülmen wildling herd in the Merfelder Bruch. This mare was also registered in the small horse studbook in 1936.
"Schneck", a mare born in 1918 and imported from England by the Hakney breeder H. Dollman. This mare was registered in the small horse studbook in 1936.
“Lina”, a prey pony that was acquired by the returning army in 1918. Details about the origin of this mare are not known. Lina was the mother of "Dolly" (registered in the Small Horse Studbook in 1936), who was entered into the Lehmkuhlener breeding program through her stallion "Favorito", who was born in 1926.
To consolidate the breed, after in the 1920s and 1930s only with the stallion Marquis Ito and his sons "Favorito" s. o. and "Grane" ad Griseldis s. o., again imported stallions are used. Mention should be made of “Teify” ad “Devi Pride” (8872) and many more “Bowdler Brightlight” and “Speedwell” ad “Triplex” (8900) and many more “Quick Silber” (1483). From 1945 also the stallion "Pedro" vd "Graven Lovely Shot", born in the wild in Dülmen.
Post-war circumstances led to the fact that the original herd in Lehmkuhlen was dissolved in the mid-1950s and the Lehmkuhlen stock of breeding ponies was sold.
Friedrich Lilienthal tried to continue the Lehmkuhlener pony breed in St. Peter-Ording . With some broodmares and the stallion “Pascha” out of “Kamilla” (St. 51) and many more “Pedro”, s. o., one of the four Lehmkuhlener horse-drawn stallions of the forwarding company Neelsen who became famous through their appearances at the Baltic Sea Hall tournaments, but this was not licensed and the Köramt was not to be moved to a licensing. As an alternative solution, “Fiete” Lilienthal was advised by the association to mate with typical cold-blooded - fat Danish - fjord horses. Lilienthal did not follow the advice, for the sake of breeding legality he finally used Arab warm blood crossings with the result that the original Lehmkuhlen type was lost. With the death of Friedrich Lilienthal, his small horse breeding was also given up.
In contrast, Hans Kurt von Eben in Niederkleveez was able to continue to breed a very typey, small population of the Lehmkuhlener pony. With the licensed stallion “Sirius” out of “Daisy” (StB) and many more “Speedwell”, s. o., and a mare descended from "Grane" (A 227/37) kept breeding on a small scale from 1964 and continued until his death.
From the breeding estate of Hans Kurt von Eben there are today three mares, each with two one-year-old and two two-year-old young mares as well as a one-year-old stallion as descendants of the very typical stallion "Seidliz", also bred by Hans Kurt von Eben, but who died in 2003. This stallion has almost all of the aforementioned Lehmkuhlener stallions among his ancestors. On a maternal level he is strongly influenced by the lines from "Lina" and "Grille".
In the absence of known Lehmkuhlener stallions that are still in existence and capable of breeding, suitable stallions from related breeds must be used to maintain the breed. At present, a fur stallion from Cumbria, from the area of the former Westmoreland, is mating, whose ancestors include the stallion "Mikado".