In Johann Christoph Adelung's Grammatical-Critical Dictionary of High German Dialect from 1793, it says that appearance means: To have a certain definite external shape .... (Black, yellow, red, white. Look good, bad, ugly, old, young, pale Look.) In the more recent linguistic usage, the impression that is created by the appearance on the viewer is sometimes also described, for example "looking old" as a paraphrase for "not up to the task at hand".
A certain appearance comes about through the physical process of light reflection , whereby the color and structure of an object or person catches the eye of another person through the light transmitted. Due to the biological function of seeing , the viewer has an image of "appearance" in his head.
In Germany, appearance plays a major role in professional life, especially for job interviews and applications , whereby outfit and physique, including gestures, are important. In the UK, on the other hand, it is not even customary to include application photos with cover letters. Companies also design their appearance and that of their products, often with their own style . Corporate logos on letterheads and work smocks can help shape the style as part of the corporate design . For example, a series of books can have the cover of the same graphic artist or photographer for certain periods of time , and also otherwise have a uniform appearance, for example in terms of size, material, shape, etc.
Ideals of beauty
Ideals of beauty are subject to social changes and, depending on the respective culture, also more questions of taste .
There is a saying that “clothes make the man” . A socially inferior person can achieve supposed prestige through appropriate clothing . So the effect of clothing on a person's appearance or impression is very significant. There are numerous idioms about the appearance of a person, often with metaphors and comparisons ( He looks as if he had been in the pillory., He looks as if he has had cockchafer breakfast., He looks as if he could not disturb water . etc.) .
- Gottfried Keller : Clothes make the man , 1873
- George L. Mosse : The image of the man. On the construction of modern masculinity , S. Fischer, Frankfurt 1996, ISBN 3-10-050605-7
- Carl Zuckmayer : The Captain of Köpenick , Drama 1931