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Belogradchik (Белоградчик)
Belogradchik coat of arms Map of Bulgaria, position of Belogradchik highlighted
Basic data
State : BulgariaBulgaria Bulgaria
Oblast : Vidin
Residents : 4778  (December 31, 2016)
Coordinates : 43 ° 37 '  N , 22 ° 41'  E Coordinates: 43 ° 37 '0 "  N , 22 ° 41' 0"  E
Height : 522 m
Postal code : 3900
Telephone code : (+359) 0936
License plate : bra
Administration (as of November 14, 2007)
Mayor : Boris Nikolov
Website :
Belogradchik (red square); Neighboring towns: Montana (Bulgaria) , Widin , Lom , Orjachowo , Wraza , Mesdra , Berkowiza , Pirot , Zaječar , Negotin , Calafat

Belogradschik [ ˌbɛɫoɡrɐˈtʃik ] ( Bulgar . Белоградчик ) is a small town in northwestern Bulgaria . The name of the city is derived from belo , "white", and grad , "castle" (today the predominant meaning "city"). The name means something like "White Castle" and alludes to the appearance of the fortress. The city is located about 180 km northwest of Sofia , 70 km northwest of Montana and about 50 km southwest of Vidin . The next rail connection is in Oreschez, twelve kilometers to the southwest .


The city lies at an altitude of 520 meters between the two mountain ranges Veneza and Vedernik belonging to the Balkan Mountains . In the vicinity of the city there is a rock area about ten kilometers long and two kilometers wide with over 200 smaller rock towers made of red conglomerate rock .


Belogradchik Fortress
  • Belogradchik Fortress , the fortress (Kaleto, from Turkish kale , "fortress") is located in the southwest of the city.
  • Natural history museum, is located to the southeast just outside the village
  • the Magura cave , a show cave approx. 2.5 km long
  • Historical museum, in the house of the Panovi family (monument from 1810)
  • Observatory with one of the largest telescopes in Bulgaria
  • St. George's Church, built in 1868.


The Romans built a fortress into the rocks here as early as the 1st century . This was destroyed and rebuilt several times by the Byzantines, Bulgarians and Turks. The city at the foot of the fortress is first mentioned in a document in 1454. The present fortress was built during the Turkish rule in 1850 under Sultan Abdülmecit I. completed. The exploitation of the local population led to a peasant uprising in the same year, but this was suppressed. Nowadays Belogradchik is developing more and more into a tourist center. The surrounding rocks have been developed for Saxon climbing since the 1960s .


Panoramic view of the rocks near Belogradchik in the evening light

Web links

Commons : Belogradchik  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files