Beskyd tunnel

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Beskyd tunnel
Beskyd tunnel
South portal of the old tunnel near Skotarske 2006
Official name Бескидський тунель
traffic connection Lviv – Stryj – Chop railway line
place Volovets
length 1765 m
Number of tubes 1 + 1 escape tube
Client Ukrzalisnytsja
release 1886 (first tunnel)
1946 (after being destroyed in World War II)
2018 (second tunnel)
North portal 48 ° 45 ′ 39 "  N , 23 ° 19 ′ 27"  E
South portal 48 ° 45 ′ 8 "  N , 23 ° 18 ′ 15"  E

The Beskyd Tunnel (Ukrainian Бескидський тунель / Beskydskyj tunel ) is a railway tunnel on the Lviv – Stryj – Chop line .

Traffic geography

The tunnel is located in the area of ​​the Ukrainian settlement Wolovets . With a length of 1765 m, it crosses the border between the Ukrainian oblasts of Transcarpathia and Lviv .

Around 40% of Ukrainian transit traffic by rail use the tunnel, which makes it particularly relevant. The tunnel is mainly used for traffic from Ukraine towards the European Community , traffic that is currently growing by around 20% annually.


Old tunnel

The old tunnel was opened in 1886 as part of the Lviv – Stryj – Chop railway line. It was single-track . During the retreat of the German troops in World War II , the entrances to the tunnel were destroyed by blasting, but reopened in 1946.

With increasing traffic, the single-track structure represented a traffic obstacle on the otherwise double-track route and was only passable at a maximum speed of 40 km / h. Overall, the tunnel was in dire need of renovation. The tracks in the old tunnel were dismantled when the new tunnel opened, and the old tunnel was connected to the new tunnel by three galleries . Today it serves as a rescue tunnel for the new building.

New tunnel

In order to remedy the bottleneck, a second tunnel was built in parallel over a four-year period and opened on May 24, 2018 by the Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko . The construction was the largest infrastructure project in Ukraine in recent decades. The tunnel was built using the New Austrian Tunneling Method . The breakthrough took place in January 2016.

The new tunnel is double-track with internal dimensions of 8.5 m high and 10.5 m wide, 1765.5 m long, is covered by a maximum of 180 m of rock and can be driven at 60 km / h. It is designed with 12 rescue chambers and 49 protective niches and is intended to be in operation for 100 years. In the future, 100 pairs of trains are to run through the tunnel every day.

The new building was financed with loans from the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the European Investment Bank .


  • Radovan Vopalecky: New Beskid Tunnel inaugurated . In: OSJD Bulletin 4/2018 , p. 43f.

See also

Individual evidence

  1. Ukraine begins construction of the new Beskid Tunnel., November 5, 2012, accessed January 26, 2014 .
  2. Vopalecky, p. 43.
  3. Ukraine begins construction of the new Beskid Tunnel., November 5, 2012, accessed January 26, 2014 .
  4. Beskyd Tunnel holed through., January 25, 2016; accessed January 26, 2016 .
  5. Vopalecky, p. 43.
  6., January 22, 2016, accessed January 26, 2016 .
  7. Vopalecky, p. 43.
  8. Vopalecky, p. 43.