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A blouson ( French ) is a jacket that is given a blouse shape by elastic (knitted) cuffs on the sleeves and the bottom . It is waist or hip length and can be made of different materials (especially leather and various textile materials). It is available for both women and men.

Sometimes these jackets are also Lumber or Lumberjack called, though so the checkered in the fashion industry actually lumberjack shirt is called. Are made in blouson style also flying jackets and bomber jackets and college jackets . Blousons that cannot be opened at the front or cannot be opened completely are called slip-on blousons (because you have to pull them over your head when putting them on).


The blouson developed from flight jackets that were developed at the beginning of the 20th century. They were made of leather, often lined with sheepskin (or consisted entirely of lambskin ) and cut short and loosely to allow good freedom of movement for the pilots . The jackets developed for the US Air Force in the 1920s are considered the mother of blousons and set standards in terms of design and functionality. After the invention of nylon (and cotton-nylon blends), nylon became the material for military flight jackets and was also used for the blouson, which found its way into everyday civilian fashion in the late 1950s.

Also, wind and rain jackets and training jackets are partially cut in jacket shape. The tight-fitting cuffs reduce the exchange of air with the outside air and thus protect the inside well against drafts and cold.

Individual evidence

  1. a b Entry Blouson in Munzinger Online / Brockhaus , Encyclopedia in 30 volumes. 21st edition.
  2. a b c d Different blouson models . Article from July 6, 2011 on Retrieved September 26, 2011.
  3. a b The colorful world of fashion: sweaters for women and men . Retrieved September 26, 2011.
  4. Blouson fabrics then and now . Article from July 18, 2011 on Retrieved September 26, 2011.