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Britain in the second half of the fifth century - between the retreat of the Romans and the establishment of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms.
  • Mainly Goidelic areas.
  • Mainly Pict areas.
  • Mainly British areas.
  • Among Britons or insular Celts (. Greek Prettanoí ; lat. Britanni ; walis. Prydain ; Engl. Britons , Brythons ), especially understands Celtic Linguistics the Celtic population in the south and southeast Britain , the Britain from the Iron Age to the early Middle Ages dominated.


    After the Roman conquest in 43 AD, a Romano-British culture began to emerge. With the beginning of the Anglo-Saxon and Frisian conquests in the 5th century, the culture and languages ​​of the Britons increasingly faded into the background. By the 11th century, the descendants of the Britons were divided into several groups: the Welsh , the Kornen , the Bretons and the inhabitants of Hen Ogledd .


    The British languages that emerged from the language of the Britons belong to the Celtic languages . The language of the Britons evolved into the various branches of language Welsh , Cornish , Breton and Kumbrian . In the course of the Romanization , the Britons also adopted the Latin alphabet .

    See also


    • John T. Koch: Celtic Culture: A Historical Encyclopedia , ABC-CLIO 2006.
    • Arnulf Krause: The world of the Celts. History and myth of an enigmatic people . Campus-Verlag , Frankfurt / Main, 2007 ISBN 978-3-593-38279-1
    • Barry Cunliffe: The Celts and Their History . Lübbe , Bergisch Gladbach, 2000, ISBN 3-7857-0506-9

    Web links

    Wiktionary: Inselkelte  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

    Individual evidence

    1. ^ Bernhard Maier : History and culture of the Celts. CH Beck, Munich 2012, ISBN 978-3-406-64140-4 , p. 215 ( excerpt online ).
    2. John T. Koch: Celtic Culture. A Historical Encyclopedia , ABC-CLIO 2006, pp. 291-292.
    3. See John T. Koch: Celtic Culture. A Historical Encyclopedia , ABC-CLIO 2006.