Federal Office for Topography
|Federal Office of Topography (Swisstopo)|
|At sight||Federal Department of Defense, Civil Protection and Sport DDPS|
The Federal Office of Topography ( Office fédéral de topographie in French , Ufficio federale di topografia in Italian , Uffizi federal da topografia in Rhaeto-Romanic ), Swisstopo for short (spelling: swisstopo ), is a federal authority of the Swiss Confederation . The Federal Office of Topography swisstopo is Switzerland's geographic information center. swisstopo provides precise, up-to-date and reliable bases for surveying Switzerland, surveying the landscape and the subsoil and documenting it over time. The Federal Office was administratively assigned to Armasuisse and has been directly subordinate to the Federal Department of Defense, Civil Protection and Sport, DDPS , since March 1, 2015 . It has its seat in Wabern (municipality of Köniz ). External offices are the geostation near Zimmerwald , the Dübendorf flight service and the Mont Terri rock laboratory in St-Ursanne.
The Federal Office of Topography, as a federal competence area, offers spatial reference data and products of high quality derived from it. The Geoinformation Act forms the legal basis for swisstopo's work. In addition to the manufacture of the products, swisstopo is in charge of the coordination of geographic information and geology at federal level and runs the military geographic institute. swisstopo is in charge of cadastral surveying and the cadastre of public property restrictions (ÖREB cadastre) and coordinates the harmonization of Swiss spatial data in cooperation with the cantons, the municipalities and the private sector.
- 1838: The Colonel Quartermaster and later General of the Swiss Army Guillaume-Henri Dufour founds the Federal Topographical Bureau in Carouge .
- 1842–1865: The topographic map of Switzerland (Dufour map ) on a scale of 1: 100,000 is published.
- 1865: The Topographical Bureau moves from Geneva to Bern ; Hermann Siegfried succeeds Dufour.
- 1870–1922: The Topographical Atlas of Switzerland (Siegfried map) in the scales 1: 25,000 and 1: 50,000 is published.
- 1901: The Topographical Bureau becomes an independent department in the Federal Military Department, for which the designation Federal State Topography is naturalized.
- 1941: The state topography moves its headquarters to its current location in Wabern.
- 1952–1979: Publication of the national map of Switzerland on a scale of 1: 25,000.
- 2002: L + T is replaced as brand, logo and short name by swisstopo ; however, the official name of the Federal Office for Topography remains (since 2005, it has been adapted to the new spelling).
- 2018: Switzerland and the Principality of Liechtenstein are among the first countries in the world to have a comprehensive, three-dimensional building model. In addition to the entire building stock in Switzerland and the Principality of Liechtenstein, bridges, streets and paths, forests, individual trees, geographical names and public transport are also shown in 3D.
National map of Switzerland
The Federal Office of Topography publishes official topographic maps in the following series of scales :
|1: 25,000||National map LK 25|
|1: 50,000||National map LK 50|
|1: 100,000||National map LK 100|
|1: 200,000||National map LK 200|
|1: 300,000||General map (reduction of LK 200)|
|1: 500,000||National map LK 500|
|1: 1,000,000||National map LK 1000|