Federal Administrative Court (Switzerland)
|Federal Administrative Court BVGer|
|Headquarters||St. Gallen , Canton of St. Gallen|
|Headmistress||Marianne Ryter , President|
|Deputy||Vito Valenti , Vice President|
|Employees||76 judges and around 350 employees|
The Federal Administrative Court (BVGer; French Tribunal administratif fédéral , Italian Tribunale amministrativo federale , Romansh , English Federal Administrative Court ) with its seat in St. Gallen is a federal court of first instance. It assesses complaints against orders from federal authorities . In certain areas, the court is also responsible for reviewing cantonal decisions and also gives judgments in individual legal proceedings.
In the course of the judicial reform adopted by the Swiss people in a referendum in 2000, three new federal courts of first instance were created in the following years, namely the Federal Criminal Court , the Federal Patent Court and the Federal Administrative Court. When it was founded, this took over the tasks of 36 federal appeals commissions and complaint services of the departments (ministries).
On June 13, 2018, on the proposal of the Federal Administrative Court , the United Federal Assembly elected Marianne Ryter as President and Vito Valenti as Vice-President of the Federal Administrative Court for the years 2019 and 2020. Ryter is the first woman to head the Federal Administrative Court.
The court consists of six departments and the general secretariat. It has the following statutory management bodies: the Presidium, the General Court, the Presidents' Conference and the Administrative Commission. The departments and chambers are units of the administration of justice.
With 76 judges and around 350 employees, it is the largest federal court (as of March 2019).
The Federal Administrative Court consists of six departments:
- Department I: Infrastructure, taxes, federal staff
- Division II: Economy, Education, Competition
- Department III: Public Health, Social Insurance
- Department IV: Asylum
- Department V: Asylum
- Department VI: Immigration Law, Citizenship
The Federal Administrative Court assesses complaints against orders from federal authorities . In certain areas, the court is also responsible for reviewing cantonal decisions and also gives judgments in individual legal proceedings. If the Federal Administrative Court does not decide as the final instance, its judgments can be appealed to the Federal Court.
Federal Constitutionprovides:The federal government appoints judicial authorities to assess public-law disputes from the area of responsibility of the federal administration. This constitutional mandate was implementedwith the creation of the Federal Administrative Court (and theFederal CriminalCourt).(in force since September 1, 2005) of the
The SR 173.32) regulates the position, organization and jurisdiction of the court as well as the applicable procedural law.(Administrative , VGG;
The Federal Administrative Court has regulated the organization and administration of the courts in the SR 173.320.1).( VGR ;
- History. In: bvger.ch. Federal Administrative Court, accessed on August 12, 2019 .
- New Presidium at the Federal Administrative Court. Press release. In: bvger.ch. Federal Administrative Court, January 7, 2019, accessed on August 12, 2019 .
- Marianne Ryter - The first woman at the head of the Federal Administrative Court. In: srf.ch . January 16, 2019, accessed February 23, 2019 .
- © Federal Administrative Court BVGer: Departments. Retrieved December 1, 2017 .