Schkölen Castle

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Schkölen Castle
Schkölen moated castle

Schkölen moated castle

Creation time : 900 to 1000
Castle type : Niederungsburg
Conservation status: Parts of the building and fortifications
Standing position : Nobles, counts
Construction: Truss
Place: Schkölen
Geographical location 51 ° 2 '31 "  N , 11 ° 49' 10"  E Coordinates: 51 ° 2 '31 "  N , 11 ° 49' 10"  E
Height: 210  m above sea level NHN

The Burg Schkölen is a partially obtained Wasserburg at 210 m above sea level in the center (Ringstrasse 9) of the city Schkölen in Saale-Holzland in Thuringia . Until 1977 the ruins of the moated castle were almost forgotten and overgrown with scrub in the middle of the small town.



The founding of the moated castle probably goes back to an originally Slavic rampart from the 10th century.

In 1031 a Burgward "Szolin" was mentioned for the first time. The castle was expanded in the 15th century, burned down in 1536 and fell into disrepair. In the 19th century the castle served as a forester's house, and excavations took place in 1968 and 1989.

At the end of the 11th century, Count Wiprecht von Groitzsch , 1158 Heinrich the Bavarian and in the 15th century the Lords of Bünau are named as former owners .

The castle complex is a fort-like, rectangular complex with a two-story half - timbered house and a round tower.


  • Thomas Bienert: Medieval castles in Thuringia. 430 castles, castle ruins and fortifications . Wartberg-Verlag, Gudensberg-Gleichen 2000, ISBN 3-86134-631-1 , p. 205:  Schkölen castle ruins .
  • Michael Köhler : Thuringian castles and fortified prehistoric and early historical living spaces . Jenzig-Verlag Köhler, Jena 2001, ISBN 3-910141-43-9 , p. 223–224:  Schkölen .
  • Hans Maresch, Doris Maresch: Castles and palaces (= Thuringia worth seeing ). VHT - Publishing House Thuringia, Erfurt 1997, ISBN 3-89683-105-4 .

Web links

Commons : Wasserburg Schkölen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files