Castillo de Tébar
The Castillo de Tébar is a ruined castle in the Spanish port city of Águilas about 12 kilometers from the city center. It is 491 meters above sea level on the highest point of a mountain range in the foothills of the Sierra de Almenara . The place offered good conditions for human settlement, because several springs rose up in the immediate vicinity and ensured that the adjacent valley was fertile. In addition, the surrounding rock contained various metals that could be mined. The name “Tébar” comes from the Arabic “TiBr” and means something like gold-bearing soil.
Of the original mounting today's ruin one built of lime mortar and stone tower available. It was once 15 meters high, but the remains that still exist today are only seven meters high. The tower has loopholes for muskets , which are easy to see, as well as some recesses in the walls that were used for defense by artillery in the 16th and 17th centuries . To the east of the tower are the remains of a rectangular building, also made of lime mortar and stone. The remains of a second tower can also be seen there. The area is enclosed by a circular wall 950 meters long and half a meter wide .
One of the main functions of the castle was to notify the garrison in Lorca in the event of pirate attacks . Due to its exposed location, it was well suited for this. The ruin has not been developed for tourism and there is currently no access road.
- Serafín Alonso Navarro: Libro de los castillos y fortalezas de la Región de Murcia . Murcia 1990, ISBN 84-404-8384-8 , pp. 65-66 .
- Inmaculada Ruiz Parra: Excavaciones Arqueológicas en la cerca occidental del cerro del castillo de Tébar (Águilas, Murica) . In: Memorias de Arqueología . No. 11 , 1997, pp. 513-522 .