Charu Majumdar

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Charu Majumdar (also Charu Mazumdar transcribed; Bengali : চারু মজুমদার, Cāru Majumadār; * 1918 in Shiliguri , West Bengal ; † July 28, 1972 in Alipur ) was a communist revolutionary in India .


Majumdar grew up in a politically liberal landowning family. He left college in 1938 without a degree. He was temporarily a member of the Congress Party . In 1946 he joined the Tebhaga movement . He was imprisoned for three years in 1948 and briefly in 1962 and 1965.

In the mid-1960s, Majumdar and Kanu Sanyal organized a left- wing faction within the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI (M)) in northern Bengal . In 1967 there was a violent peasant uprising in the village of Naxalbari , led by the Majumdar Sanyal group. This group was later named the Naxalites after the place of their first public appearance . Eight articles written by Charu Majumdar at the time - known as the Historic Eight Documents  - are considered the founding ideological document of the Naxalites: The revolution must follow the path of armed struggle along the lines of the Chinese revolution and Maos . In the same year, Majumdar and Sanyal left the Communist Party and founded the All India Coordination Committee of Communist Revolutionaries , out of which the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninists) was founded in 1969 as a split from the Marxist Communist Party of India , with Majumdar as General Secretary.

Majumdar was arrested in hiding on July 16, 1972, and died in police custody in Alipore Central Prison on July 28, 1972.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Hindustan Times: Charu Majumdar - The Father of Naxalism  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as broken. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (English)@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /  
  2. Times Of India: Red surge: Charu Mazumdar's script still holds (English)