Cipocereus minensis

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Cipocereus minensis
Cipocereus minensis.jpg

Cipocereus minensis

Order : Clove-like (Caryophyllales)
Family : Cactus family (Cactaceae)
Subfamily : Cactoideae
Tribe : Cereeae
Genre : Cipocereus
Type : Cipocereus minensis
Scientific name
Cipocereus minensis
( Werderm. ) F.Ritter

Cipocereus minensis is a species of the genus Cipocereus inthe cactus family (Cactaceae). The specific epithet refers to the occurrence in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais .


Cipocereus minensis grows as a shrub with branched, columnar, green shoots and reaches heights of up to 2 meters. The shoots have a diameter of 2 to 5 centimeters. There are 10 to 16 rounded ribs . The round areoles are covered with white or brownish wool. Greyish white or yellowish thorns arise from them , which become darker over time. The 1 to 4 conspicuous central spines, sometimes more, are up to 2.5 centimeters long. The 8 to 16 radial spines have a length of 1 to 2 centimeters.

The cream-colored to greenish-white flowers are up to 5 centimeters long and 3 centimeters in diameter. The fruits, which are spherical when ripe, are smooth and blue in color.

Systematics, distribution and endangerment

Cipocereus minensis is endemic to the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais. It was first described as Cereus minensis in 1933 by Erich Werdermann . Friedrich Ritter placed them in the genus Cipocereus in 1979 .

Flower bud of Cipocereus pleurocarpus

The following subspecies are distinguished:

  • Cipocereus minensis subsp. minensis
  • Cipocereus minensis subsp. pleurocarpus

In the more recent literature as well as in the IUCN Red List, Cipocereus pleurocarpus F.Ritter is again recognized as an independent species.

Cipocereus minensis and Cipocereus pleurocarpus are classified as “ Least Concern (LC) ”, i. H. listed as not endangered.



Individual evidence

  1. Brazil and its columnar cacti . 1933, p. 93.
  2. Cacti in South America: Results of my 20 years of field research . Volume 1, 1979, p. 57.
  3. a b Cipocereus pleurocarpus in the Red List of Threatened Species of the IUCN 2013.2. Listed by: Zappi, D. & Taylor, NP, 2010. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
  4. Cipocereus minensis in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013.2. Listed by: Zappi, D. & Taylor, NP, 2010. Retrieved January 2, 2014.

Web links

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