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As a utility or utility (from English utility software ) are computer programs called the operating systems or application software support with additional functions. As part of an operating system, it is part of the system software .

Utility programs are one category in the classification of computer programs (software) by type, but can themselves also be divided into subcategories. Most modern operating systems have pre-installed utilities that are more or less integrated into the operating system and often only run on a certain version of an operating system. Some utilities also run as a service (also a background process , usually called a daemon on Unix systems ).

Features and other details

Some of the functions that utilities perform include:

To the subject

The term utility is controversial. Some users flatly reject it as a vague phrase or an overly literal translation of the English service program . Previously completely uncommon, from the end of the 1990s it was mainly found in Microsoft publications and was adopted by many media. It lost its popularity in the mid-2000s and has now become rare again.

See also

Individual evidence

  1. utility program. In: ITWissen.info. DATACOM Buchverlag GmbH, March 28, 2017, accessed on February 6, 2019 .
  2. openSUSE: Packaging categories for desktop menus. (Wiki) In: openSUSE. SUSE LLC, openSUSE Contributors & others, February 18, 2013, accessed February 6, 2019 .
  3. Desktop Menu Specification. In: Desktop Entry Specification. freedesktop.org, August 20, 2016, accessed on February 6, 2019 (English, Version 1.1).
  4. a b Utilities. (Wiki) In: openSUSE. SUSE LLC, openSUSE Contributors & others, February 20, 2013, accessed February 6, 2019 .
  5. Markus Franz: Mac OS X: Useful utilities and functions. Away from iTunes and Co. In: Netzwelt.de. netzwelt GmbH, March 28, 2011, accessed on February 6, 2019 .
  6. Utilities. In: Windows Support. Microsoft, accessed February 6, 2019 .