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Dzogchen ( Tibetan རྫོགས་པ་ ཆེན་ པོ Wylie rdzogs pa chen po ; short: rdzogs chen ) "The Great Perfection", also called Atiyoga , Mahasandhi or Maha Ati , describes teachings that are traditionally used in the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism and can be transmitted in Tibetan Bon as the essence of the Buddha's teachings . The transmission of these teachings also takes place in the Sakya , Kagyu and Gelug schools , albeit much more cautiously . The Dzogchen Monastery of the same name in Kham is one of the six main seats of the Nyingma .

Symbol of Dzogchen



According to the tradition of Bön, Dzogchen was first taught by Master Shenrab on Wednesday in Central Asia. Master Gyerchen Nangzher Lodpo first taught Dzogchen in Tibet. Among the Bön, Dzogchen is the highest of the nine paths or vehicles. The Bon Dzogchen transmission has been preserved to this day as an independent teaching system.

The Gyalwa Chak Tri is a practical manual that belongs to the collection of texts by Zhang Zhung Nyen Gyud . One of the four great dzogchen cycles of the Yungdrung Bon . The meditation book was compiled by Dru Gyalwa Yungdrung , one of the great Bon masters of the 13th century.


Dzogchen, as it is taught in the Nyingma school, goes back to the master Garab Dorje . According to the Nyingma tradition, he was the first human teacher ( nirmanakaya ) to teach dzogchen. Previously, according to tradition, it was transmitted from the original Buddha Samantabhadra ( Dharmakaya ) to the Buddha Vajrasattva ( Sambhogakaya ). Vajrasattva is said to have transmitted the teachings from the pure realm to Garab Dorje, who passed them on to Manjushrimitra and Sri Singha . In addition to Jnanasutra , the latter also transmitted these teachings to Padmasambhava and Vimalamitra , who brought these teachings to Tibet together with Vairocana with the introduction of Buddhism in the 8th century. From that time on, Dzogchen has been passed down in uninterrupted lineages to the present day. Dzogchen is not only known in the Nyingma school, it has also been transmitted to schools of the more recent Tibetan translation traditions ( Sarma ) over the centuries .

Although the teachings of Dzogchen can mainly be traced back to the original two religious traditions, because of their immediacy they transcend the context of religious concepts.

Melong Dorje. Melong (mirror) as an attribute in Dzogchen

Teaching content

“Dzogchen is the spiritual essence of all Buddhist teachings. It is the path of self-liberation that allows everyone to recognize their true essence beyond duality. The true nature of man is clear, luminous and conscious, unclouded by thoughts and emotions "

- Namkhai Norbu : Dzogchen the way of light (blurb)

Dzogchen is therefore not, as one might assume at first, about a change in the mind from an imperfect to a perfect nature. Dzogchen is therefore not a gradual method of converting spiritual poisons into original wisdom, as is often the basis for other Buddhist teaching approaches, but a teaching aimed at direct knowledge. It is about recognizing and stabilizing the knowledge of the originally perfect nature of mind. According to the teachings of Dzogchen, this has simply not been recognized as such due to temporary concealment. The experience that comes with it is also referred to as recognizing Buddha-nature , clear light primal awareness.

Gankyil symbol of unity in Dzogchen

According to the teachings of the great Dzogchen master Longchenpa, who wrote down the Dzogchen teachings of Vimalamitra (8th century) in his collection of texts 'Snying thig ya bzhi' in the 14th century, the highest realization is the attainment of the light of original Buddhahood, the spiritual level of the original Buddha Samantabadhra. This is beyond the light of primal awareness as the light of primal awareness and voidness in union. From this light, through its manifestation energy, the light levels of voidness and original awareness arise. Since every living being carries this light within itself, one can attain these levels once through meditation - this is the so-called method of Thod Rgal in Tibetan - or simply by reading or listening to Dzogchentantras from these texts, the method of Khregs Chod. The so-called rainbow body is regarded as the highest result of the realization of the teachings of Dzogchen , in which, according to tradition, a deceased Dzogchen master dissolves his body into light phenomena over a period of one week as the essence of the elements of his body. Usually only hair and nails are left behind as leftovers. Various masters of different traditions are said to have demonstrated this type of realization over centuries up to the 20th century. Among them was, for example, the well-known Bon master Shardza ​​Tashi Gyaltsen , who is said to have realized the rainbow body around 1930, and the Nyingma Lama Khenpo Achung (* 1918) who showed the same type of realization when he died in 1998.


The 14th Dalai Lama is a qualified Dzogchen master.

In order to achieve dzogchen, an introduction to the original awareness of the mind by a realized dzogchen master is necessary.

See also



  • Garchen Rinpoche: The Three Words of Garab Dorje The Essence of the Great Completion Otter Verlag (March 2015) ISBN 3-933529-31-X
  • Chögyal Namkhai Norbu : The Original State. Windpferd 2017 ISBN 978-3-86410-147-2 .
  • Chögyal Namkhai Norbu : Mirror of Consciousness. Diederichs 1999, ISBN 3-424-01501-6 .
  • Chögyal Namkhai Norbu : Dzogchen the way of light - The teachings of Sutra, Tantra and Ati-Yoga. Diederichs, 1998, ISBN 3-424-01462-1 . Revised new edition of Dzogchen the way of the light Windpferd 2012, ISBN 978-3-89385-671-8
  • Chögyal Namkhai Norbu: The cycle of day and night. The practical exercises of Ati-Yoga. Diederichs, 1998, ISBN 3-424-00964-4 .
  • Chögyal Namkhai Norbu: Dream Yoga. OW Barth, 1994, ISBN 3-502-62480-1 .
  • Dalai Lama : Dzogchen. The Heart Essence of Great Perfection. Theseus Verlag, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-89620-171-9 .
  • Dudjom Rinpoche : The exam on the mountain. Dzogchen teachings and commentaries. Theseus Verlag, Berlin 1994, ISBN 3-85936-071-X . Revised new edition . edition khordong im Wandel Verlag, Berlin, 2016, ISBN 978-3-942380-21-8
  • James Low: From the hand luggage of a Tibetan yogi - Basic texts of the Dzogchen tradition. Theseus Verlag, Berlin 1996, revised new edition: Wandel Verlag, 2013, ISBN 978-3-942380-17-1 .
  • James Low: Being Here and Now - A Commentary on "Dong Sal Melong" - "The Mirror of Clear Meaning" - A Dzogchen Treasure Text by Nudan Dorje. Edition Mandarava at Sequoyah Verlag, 1st edition. A-Gutenstein 2004, ISBN 3-85466-063-4 .
  • James Low: At home in the game of reality. A commentary on the Dzogchen treasure text 'Immediate demonstration of Buddhahood beyond classification' by Nuden Dorje. Wandel Verlag, 2012, ISBN 978-3-942380-09-6 .
  • Keith Dowman: The Flight of Garuda - Four Dzogchen Texts from Tibetan Buddhism . Theseus Verlag, Zurich-Munich 1994, revised new edition: Wandel Verlag, 2015, ISBN 978-3-942380-19-5 .
  • Patrul Rinpoche: The words of my consummate teacher . Arbor Verlag, Freiamt 2001, ISBN 3-924195-72-2 .
  • Tenzin Wangyal: The short way to enlightenment - Dzogchen meditations according to the Bon teachings of Tibet . Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1997, ISBN 3-596-13233-9 .
  • Marcia Binder Schmidt: The great Dzogchen manual . Arbor Verlag, 2002, ISBN 3-936855-01-3 .
  • Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche: "Rainbow Pictures" - Aspects of Dzogchen Practice . Arbor Verlag, 2003, ISBN 3-924195-84-6 .
  • Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche: "As It Is" - Essence of Dzogchen and Mahamudra. Volume 1 . Joy-Verlag, 2011, ISBN 978-3-928554-76-3 .
  • Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche: "As It Is" - Essence of Dzogchen and Mahamudra. Volume 2 . Joy-Verlag, 2012, ISBN 978-3-928554-77-0 .
  • Tsoknyi Rinpoche: "Fearless Simplicity" - The Dzogchen Way to a Freedom Life . Otter Verlag, 2006, ISBN 3-933529-17-4 .
  • Jes Bertelsen : The essence of consciousness - meditation and dzogchen. The stepless path to enlightenment. Opus Verlag, 2010,

Volume 1: Meditation. ISBN 978-3-939699-02-6 ; Volume 2: Dzogchen. ISBN 978-3-939699-03-3 .

  • Longchenpa, Christian Bertrand (ed.): In the light of original Buddhahood. Longchenpa Marie’s Dzogchen teachings. Zarwell Verlag, 2011, ISBN 978-3-936904-59-8 .
  • Padmasambhava : The Secret DAKINI TEACHINGS. Padmasambhava's oral teachings to Princess Tsogyal. Wandel Verlag, 2011, ISBN 978-3-942380-03-4


  • Chögyal Namkhai Norbu: The Supreme Source. The Fundamental Tantra of the Dzogchen Semde Kunjed Gyalpo . Snow Lion 1999, ISBN 1-55939-120-0 .
  • Chögyal Namkhai Norbu: Yantra Yoga. The Tibetan Yoga of Movement. Snow Lion, 2008, ISBN 978-1-55939-308-9 .
  • Chögyal Namkhai Norbu: Primordial Experience. by Manjushrimita Shambala. 1986, ISBN 1-57062-898-X .
  • Chögyal Namkhai Norbu: The Marvelous Primordial State - The Mejung Tantra - A Fundamental Scripture of Dzogchen Semde . Translated from the Tibetan by Elio Guarisco, Adriano Clemente and Jim Valby with the precious help of Chögyal Namkhai Norbu, 2013, ISBN 978-88-7834-129-6 .
  • Anyen Rinpoche: The Union of Dzogchen and Bodhichitta . Snow-Lion-Publications, Ith.NY 2006, ISBN 1-55939-248-7 .
  • Bru-sgom rGyal-ba g.yung-drung: The Stages of A-Khrid Meditation - Dzogchen Practice of the Bon-Tradition, Library of Tibetan Works and Archives . Dharamsala 1996, ISBN 81-86470-03-4 .
  • Dudjom Lingpa : Buddhahood Without Meditation, A Visionary Account known as Refining Apparent Phenomena . Padma Publishing, Junction City 1994, ISBN 1-881847-07-1 .
  • John Myrdhin Reynolds: Self-Liberation through seeing with naked awareness . Snow Lion Publications, Ithaca NY 2000, ISBN 1-55939-144-8 .
  • Longchen Rabjam : A Treasure Trove of Scriptual Transmission, a Commentary on The Precious Treasury of the Basic Space of Phenomena . Padma Publishing, Junction City 2001, ISBN 1-881847-30-6 .
  • Nudan Dorje, James Low: Being Right Here - A Dzogchen Treasure Text of Nuden Dorje entitled The Mirror of Clear Meaning . Snow Lion Publications, Ithaca NY 2004, ISBN 1-55939-208-8 .
  • Padmasambhava: Advice from the Lotus-Born. Rangjung Yeshe Publications, Hong-Kong 1994, ISBN 962-7341-20-7 .
  • John Myrdhin Reynolds: The Golden Letters . Snow Lion Publications, Ithaca NY 1996, ISBN 1-55939-050-6 .
  • Shardza ​​Tashi Gyaltsen, Lopon Tenzin Namdak : Heart Drops of Dharmakaya . Snow Lion Publications, Ithaca NY 1993, ISBN 1-55939-012-3 .
  • Pema Tinley, Martin J Boord: The Path of Secret Mantra: Teachings of the Northern Treasures Five Nails. Pema Tinley's guide to vajrayāna practice Wandel Verlag, Berlin 2014, ISBN 978-3-942380-18-8

Web links

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