Dzogchen ( Tibetan རྫོགས་པ་ ཆེན་ པོ Wylie rdzogs pa chen po ; short: rdzogs chen ) "The Great Perfection", also called Atiyoga , Mahasandhi or Maha Ati , describes teachings that are traditionally used in the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism and can be transmitted in Tibetan Bon as the essence of the Buddha's teachings . The transmission of these teachings also takes place in the Sakya , Kagyu and Gelug schools , albeit much more cautiously . The Dzogchen Monastery of the same name in Kham is one of the six main seats of the Nyingma .
According to the tradition of Bön, Dzogchen was first taught by Master Shenrab on Wednesday in Central Asia. Master Gyerchen Nangzher Lodpo first taught Dzogchen in Tibet. Among the Bön, Dzogchen is the highest of the nine paths or vehicles. The Bon Dzogchen transmission has been preserved to this day as an independent teaching system.
The Gyalwa Chak Tri is a practical manual that belongs to the collection of texts by Zhang Zhung Nyen Gyud . One of the four great dzogchen cycles of the Yungdrung Bon . The meditation book was compiled by Dru Gyalwa Yungdrung , one of the great Bon masters of the 13th century.
Dzogchen, as it is taught in the Nyingma school, goes back to the master Garab Dorje . According to the Nyingma tradition, he was the first human teacher ( nirmanakaya ) to teach dzogchen. Previously, according to tradition, it was transmitted from the original Buddha Samantabhadra ( Dharmakaya ) to the Buddha Vajrasattva ( Sambhogakaya ). Vajrasattva is said to have transmitted the teachings from the pure realm to Garab Dorje, who passed them on to Manjushrimitra and Sri Singha . In addition to Jnanasutra , the latter also transmitted these teachings to Padmasambhava and Vimalamitra , who brought these teachings to Tibet together with Vairocana with the introduction of Buddhism in the 8th century. From that time on, Dzogchen has been passed down in uninterrupted lineages to the present day. Dzogchen is not only known in the Nyingma school, it has also been transmitted to schools of the more recent Tibetan translation traditions ( Sarma ) over the centuries .
Although the teachings of Dzogchen can mainly be traced back to the original two religious traditions, because of their immediacy they transcend the context of religious concepts.
“Dzogchen is the spiritual essence of all Buddhist teachings. It is the path of self-liberation that allows everyone to recognize their true essence beyond duality. The true nature of man is clear, luminous and conscious, unclouded by thoughts and emotions "
Dzogchen is therefore not, as one might assume at first, about a change in the mind from an imperfect to a perfect nature. Dzogchen is therefore not a gradual method of converting spiritual poisons into original wisdom, as is often the basis for other Buddhist teaching approaches, but a teaching aimed at direct knowledge. It is about recognizing and stabilizing the knowledge of the originally perfect nature of mind. According to the teachings of Dzogchen, this has simply not been recognized as such due to temporary concealment. The experience that comes with it is also referred to as recognizing Buddha-nature , clear light primal awareness.
According to the teachings of the great Dzogchen master Longchenpa, who wrote down the Dzogchen teachings of Vimalamitra (8th century) in his collection of texts 'Snying thig ya bzhi' in the 14th century, the highest realization is the attainment of the light of original Buddhahood, the spiritual level of the original Buddha Samantabadhra. This is beyond the light of primal awareness as the light of primal awareness and voidness in union. From this light, through its manifestation energy, the light levels of voidness and original awareness arise. Since every living being carries this light within itself, one can attain these levels once through meditation - this is the so-called method of Thod Rgal in Tibetan - or simply by reading or listening to Dzogchentantras from these texts, the method of Khregs Chod. The so-called rainbow body is regarded as the highest result of the realization of the teachings of Dzogchen , in which, according to tradition, a deceased Dzogchen master dissolves his body into light phenomena over a period of one week as the essence of the elements of his body. Usually only hair and nails are left behind as leftovers. Various masters of different traditions are said to have demonstrated this type of realization over centuries up to the 20th century. Among them was, for example, the well-known Bon master Shardza Tashi Gyaltsen , who is said to have realized the rainbow body around 1930, and the Nyingma Lama Khenpo Achung (* 1918) who showed the same type of realization when he died in 1998.
In order to achieve dzogchen, an introduction to the original awareness of the mind by a realized dzogchen master is necessary.
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