Elisabeth Eleonore von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel

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Elisabeth Eleonore von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel

Elisabeth Eleonore von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (born September 30, 1658 in Wolfenbüttel , † March 15, 1729 in Meiningen ) was the eldest daughter of Duke Anton Ulrich von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel and his wife Juliane von Holstein-Norburg.


Elisabeth Eleonore first married Duke Johann Georg von Mecklenburg on February 2, 1675 in Wolfenbüttel , but he died five months later. On January 25, 1681, she finally married Duke Bernhard I of Saxony-Meiningen at Schöningen Castle . Although she didn't share his interest in alchemy and a lavish penchant for the military, the marriage was described as happy.

The extremely artistic daughter of the writer Anton Ulrich promoted her husband's inclinations for music and literature considerably. After his death, by bypassing her husband's will, she sided with her stepson Ernst Ludwig I and his minister von Wolhaben in his quest for sole rule. She is jointly responsible for the subsequent 30-year fraternal dispute in the Sachsen-Meiningen house, in which she never confessed to her biological son Anton Ulrich, whose morganatic bourgeois wife Philippine Elisabeth Caesar she treated with coldness.

The fact that Meiningen became a center of music care under Ernst Ludwig I is largely due to her. Because of the family quarrel, Elisabeth Eleonore withdrew more and more, dealt with religious subjects and wrote some hymns.

The Meiningen Residenzschloss Elisabethenburg is named in her honor.


Together with Bernhard she was the mother of the following children: