Ernst Bargheer

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Ernst Bargheer (born May 19, 1892 in Finkenwerder , † February 14, 1974 in Passade ) was a German folklorist, educator and ministerial official.


Bargheer was the son of Rebekka Marie von Staden ( Wischhafen ) and the main teacher Adolf Otto August Bargheer (Bielefeld) and the oldest brother of the painter Eduard Bargheer . He first attended primary school in Finkenwerder and then a higher school on the opposite side of the Elbe. After graduating from school, he learned the profession of elementary school teacher and practiced this up to military service in the First World War . Shortly after his return from the front, both parents died a short distance apart, so that Ernst Bargheer had to take over the guardianship of his six younger siblings Eduard, Mathilde, Therese, Mimi, Lilly and Elisabeth in 1919.

In addition to working as a primary school teacher, he studied history, German and folklore. It was in 1929 at the University of Hamburg with a folkloristic dissertation about guts in German folklore at Otto Lauffer doctorate and taught from 1929 to 1932 as a professor of folklore at the Pedagogical Academy Hannover . Then from April 1933 he was first assistant officer, then Ministerialrat for the elementary schools in the Reich Ministry for Science, Education and Public Education . In 1933/34 he briefly headed the Central Institute for Education and Teaching . He was responsible for teacher training and the training camps for the ideological mobilization of teachers. At first he had good relations with Adolf Reichwein , whom he brought to a position as a primary school teacher in Tiefensee . But in 1934 he again lost the management of the Central Institute to Ludwig Pallat . In 1935 he had to vacate his post, but remained a high functionary in the NSLB , who influenced future teacher training. There he promoted the higher education of elementary school teachers, which was obsolete from 1940 because of the decision for teacher training institutes .

From April 1, 1936, Bargheer was library councilor in Halle an der Saale , and from February 1, 1939 in the same function at Kiel University Library . During the Second World War he served in Kiel as a Wehrmacht welfare officer. He retired in 1950 and four years later founded a higher private school in Passade, which he also directed.


  • Guts: life and soul forces of the interior of the body in German belief and custom. Berlin / Leipzig 1931.
  • Teacher training. Der Neue Volkserzieher, Vol. 1 (1934/35), pp. 99-103.
  • Folklore training camp in Bischofswerder. Die Volksschule, vol. 30 (1934/35), pp. 337-340.
  • Political folklore, an auxiliary science for the educational tasks of German socialism. 1935.
  • German teacher training as the starting point for school reform. Zickfeldt, Osterwieck 1936.


  • White: Ernst Bargheer - a folklorist and teacher trainer during National Socialism. Kieler Blätter zur Volkskunde, vol. 25 (1993), pp. 65–87.
  • Edgar Weiß, Elvira Weiß: Education and National Socialism: the example of Kiel. Götzelmann 1997.

Individual evidence

  1. Volker Plagemann: Eduard Bargheer . In: Hamburg heads . Ellert & Richter, Hamburg 2008, ISBN 978-3-8319-0324-5 .