Ernst Bruck

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Ernst Robert Bruck (born June 7, 1876 in Breslau ; † January 28, 1942 in Hamburg ) was a German lawyer .

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Ernst Bruck was the son of a businessman. He studied law at the University of Heidelberg and the University of Strasbourg . After receiving his doctorate in Strasbourg in 1900, he worked as a district judge in Metz . In 1909 he went to Berlin . At the Imperial Insurance Supervisory Office there, in 1911 he became a member of the government and a permanent member of the private insurance supervisory office . In 1916 he was offered a professorship at the Colonial Institute in Hamburg, where he taught insurance science. In the same year he and Paul Riebesell were one of the founding and board members of the Insurance Association in Hamburg.

The University of Hamburg was founded in 1919 . Ernst Bruck received an extraordinary professor position in the law and political science faculty of the university and took over the development of the seminar for insurance sciences. He was one of the co-editors of the Hanseatic legal magazine , which later appeared as the Hanseatic legal and court magazine. After being elected dean of the Faculty of Law and Political Science in February 1933, Bruck, who was of Jewish faith, did not take up the position due to the seizure of power . Instead he was forced to retire on September 30, 1935.

Ernst Bruck laid the foundations for the so-called “Hamburg School”, which can be found in the drafting of insurance contracts and insurance brokerage law. The theory of grouping similarly insured persons in a risk community goes back to him. Bruck also founded the risk theory that regulates the insurer's duties. The theory of claims for insurance claims, which is used in liability insurance , was founded by Bruck. The so-called prerequisite theory of insurance law can also be traced back to Bruck.

Bruck played a major role in the General Maritime Insurance Conditions, which were drawn up in 1919. He published extensively and thereby influenced life and private health insurance. Above all, the major commentary on the Insurance Contract Act of 1908 can be regarded as a standard work. His student Hans Möller took up Bruck's ideas expressed in early 1930 to set up an international association for insurance law and co-founded the Association Internationale de Droit des Assurances (AIDA) .

Ernst Bruck died in early 1942 due to a heart disease.