Archlori ( Lorius domicella )
|( Linnaeus , 1758)|
The Archlori ( Lorius domicella , Syn .: Lorius domicellus ) is a Southeast Asian parrot species from the subfamily of the Loris . He is sometimes kept as a pet, especially on his home islands, and also learns to imitate.
The Lori has a red base color and a black cap that turns purple on the back. The wings are green with yellow hand wings, the shoulders and lower wings are blue. The thighs are also colored blue. The lori's feet are gray while its beak is orange in color. The irises of the eyes are also orange in color. The adults also have a wide yellow collar, which is hardly present in the juvenile specimens. The only difference between the males and the females is the white color of the rings around the pupils, which are more gray in color in the females.
The juvenile birds still have a black beak and a dark iris, and the purple area on the back is larger. The juveniles also have black spots on the lower wings, while they are overall somewhat more dull in color than the adult birds.
The Loris are about 30 cm long, have a wing length of about 16 cm, a tail length of 10 cm and a weight of about 200 grams.
distribution and habitat
The archlori occurs on Seram , Ambon and offshore islands such as Buru and is therefore endemic to the Moluccas . However, he was naturalized on Ambon and Buru . In its area of distribution, the Lori is mainly found in mountain rainforests, but also penetrates near settlements.
Way of life
The Loris live in pairs, with several pairs often forming groups of 10 to 20 animals. Archloris have a loud, screeching voice, which is not unusual among parrots.
The couples stay together for a lifetime. The breeding season is in spring when two eggs, 32 mm long and 25.5 mm in diameter, are incubated by the female in a tree cavity for 25 days. The young animals have to be fed by their parents for about 70 days, but only become sexually mature when they are 3 to 4 years old.
There are already hybrids with other Loris, such as the Red-naped Lorikeet , known.
Ore Lory can live up to 20 years in the wild, but can reach a significantly higher age in captivity.
The archlori feeds mainly on plants, for example, typical of the Lori, on nectar and pollen, which it ingests with its specialized tongue ( see here ), but also on seeds and fruits. Even insects are consumed.
On the red list of the IUCN, the archlory is listed as endangered ( vulnerable, VU ), which is primarily due to illegal hunting for the pet trade and the felling or burning of the mountain rainforests. The bird is most common in the Manusela National Park on Seram, while the Lori is already rare on Ambon and Buru.
The population of only a few thousand birds continues to decline.
A European stud book (ESB) is kept for the archlory at Cologne Zoo , but the first European breeding of this parrot species was achieved in 1976 in the Walsrode bird park , while the first specimen of this parrot species arrived in London Zoo in 1872 .
Ore Lorikeet at the San Diego Zoo
- Pagel, Theo : Loris: Free life, keeping and breeding of the brush-tongued parrots . Ulmer Verlag, 1998. ISBN 978-3-8001-7352-5
- Pagel, Theo: Loris: Free life, keeping and breeding of the brush-tongued parrots : Page 70-72. Ulmer Verlag, 1998. ISBN 978-3-8001-7352-5
- Lorius domicella on Avibase
- Purple-Naped Lory. (PDF; 364 kB) In: Bird Base. Hokkaido Institute of Environmental Science and Japan Sciences and Technology Agency, accessed April 17, 2011 .
- Lorius domicella inthe IUCN 2013 Red List of Threatened Species . Listed by: BirdLife International, 2012. Retrieved October 7, 2013.