Eumenes II

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Coin of Eumenes II.

Eumenes II. ( Greek Εὐμένης Βʹ Euménēs B ; * 221 BC ; † 158 BC ) was from 197 BC. Until his death King of Pergamum from the Attalid family .

Eumenes II was the eldest son of Attalus I and Apollonis . As ruler he was able to push back the influence of the Galatians and extended his empire to the Taurus . Through an alliance with Rome he achieved after the peace of Apamea in 188 BC. BC, which resulted in the displacement of the Seleucid Empire from Asia Minor, the political supremacy in Anatolia. As a result, he received the Cappadocian princess Stratonike as his wife. In wars against the kingdoms of Bithynia and Pontus , he was able to defend the newly won position of power. In the Greek world he distinguished himself as a benefactor ( Euergetes ) in order to gain recognition for his dynasty. He probably initiated the construction of the Pergamon Altar .


  • Christian Mileta : Eumenes II. Sōtēr (197-158 BC): From favorite to unloved ally of the Romans. In: Kay Ehling , Gregor Weber (Ed.): Hellenistic Kingdoms. Philipp von Zabern, Darmstadt 2014, ISBN 978-3-8053-4758-7 , pp. 111-116.
  • Stanley M. Burstein: The Aftermath of the Peace of Apamea. Rome and the Pontic War. In: American Journal of Ancient History , Volume 5, 1980, ISSN  0362-8914 , pp. 1-12.
  • Joachim Hopp: Investigations into the history of the last Attalids (= Vestigia. Volume 25). CH Beck, Munich 1977, ISBN 3-406-04795-5 .
  • Hermann Bengtson : rulers of the Hellenism. CH Beck, Munich 1975, ISBN 3-406-00733-3 , pp. 235-250.
  • Christian Habicht : About the wars between Pergamon and Bithynia. In: Hermes . Volume 84, 1956, pp. 90-110.
  • Esther V. Hansen: The Attalids of Pergamon (= Cornell Studies in Classical Philology. Volume 29, ZDB -ID 844700-7 ). Cornell University Press, Ithaca 1947, pp. 67 ff. (2nd, updated edition. Cornell University Press, Ithaca 1971, ISBN 0-8014-0615-3 ).
  • Peter Thonemann (Ed.):  Attalid Asia Minor . Oxford University Press, Oxford 2013,  ISBN 978-0-19-965611-0 .
predecessor Office successor
Attalus I. King of Pergamon
197–158 BC Chr.
Attalus II