Research institute for thermal insulation
The Research Institute for Thermal Protection e. V. München (FIW) was founded in 1918 on the initiative of the insulation industry as a research home for thermal insulation in order to develop and test thermal insulation materials ( thermal insulation , thermal insulation ) and moisture protection measures.
The association was founded by seven companies that manufacture and process heat and cold insulation materials . These are still the main members. From scientific point of view it was until after the Second World War by the Munich physicist Oskar garlic supports the purpose by the Technical University of Dresden , the honorary doctorate was awarded.
The field of activity included the research and testing of building materials , device components, effective processing as well as test methods for monitoring effective installation and certification procedures . While during the Second World War the topic was determined by finding the most effective domestic materials possible, today the focus is on energy efficiency.
Some of the test methods resulted in standards of the German Institute for Standardization (DIN) and the EN ( European Standard ) for the functional testing of building materials, e.g. B. VDI 2055 and the DIN pre-standard 1951. Accordingly, there is now a comprehensive range of tests in the field of insulation materials in building construction.
The FIW is a member of numerous specialist bodies and committees. Here only memberships of national and international institutions:
- American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), Philadelphia
- Working Group of Industrial Research Associations (AiF) "Otto von Guericke" e. V., Cologne
- DGfH German Society for Wood Research e. V. Munich
- DIN German Institute for Standardization e. V., Berlin
- DKV German Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Association, Stuttgart
- DVM German Association for Materials Research and Testing e. V., Berlin
- Fachinstitut Gebäude-Klima e. V., Bietigheim-Bissingen
- Professional Association for Airtightness in Construction e. V., Kassel
- Research Society for Roads and Transportation, Cologne
- L'institut international du Froid, Paris
- Technical Monitoring Association Bavaria, Munich
- VMPA Association of Material Testing Offices V., Berlin
The results of publicly funded research are scientifically published. The findings also resulted in statutory building regulations.
Institute director and location
The institute was opened in Munich on October 1, 1918 , in cooperation with the heat department of the Physikalisch-Technische Reichsanstalt, the Institute for Technical Physics of the Royal Technical University (today Technical University of Munich ) as well as the insulation trade, the Reich coal plant and the Association for Refrigeration Machines. It was initially in the city center, near the university. After being destroyed by bombs in December 1944, it was temporarily housed in a wooden barrack in Munich's Lothstrasse . Soon after the end of the war it was housed in a single building in Bogenhausen, which at that time stood outside the city, today on the Mittlerer Ring, on the edge of the first relief town, Parkstadt Bogenhausen .
The first scientific director from 1918 was Karl Hencky with his assistant Joseph Sebastian Cammerer.
Ernst Schmidt became his successor.
During and after the Second World War, the institute was run by the physicist Dr.-Ing. Erwin Raisch, at times without further employees. He accompanied all of the institute's moves, including the last one in 1959 to the new premises in Graefelfing, which were co-financed by the Volkswagen Foundation.
His successor was Walter F. Cammerer from 1959 to 1985 . This was followed in 1985 by Horst Zehendner and in 2000 by Roland Gellert. Andreas H. Holm has been the institute director and managing director since 2012.
The institute has a large number of lectures and publications. Therefore only a few older ones are representative:
- Erwin Raisch: The air permeability of building materials and building construction parts. Health engineer 1928 issue 30 Research Home for Heat Protection Munich (1928).
- Erwin Raisch: Heat losses through support rings for sheet metal jackets . From d. Research home for thermal insulation (eV), Munich 9 (1955).
- Erwin Raisch and Joseph Sebastian Cammerer: Heat and cold protection - calculations, guarantees, measurement methods and delivery conditions for heat and cold insulation , white print of VDI 2055 (1958).
- Hans-Liudger Dienel: Engineers between University and Industry , published by Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1995, original by University of Michigan, digitized on June 5, 2008, ISBN 3-525-36047-9 , ISBN 978-3-525-36047- 7th
- FIW Munich 
- 90 years of FIW - 90 years of thermal protection to increase energy efficiency ( Memento from April 16, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
- Walter F. Cammerer: The development of the research institute for thermal insulation in Munich after the Second World War. In: Building Physics. 30, 2008, p. 346, doi : 10.1002 / bapi.200890048 .
- Anita Kuisle : power plant, school, hospital . A history of the Gärtnerplatzviertel. Verlag Franz Schiermeier, Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-9813190-8-8 .
- Official website
- Literature by and about Research Institute for Thermal Insulation in the catalog of the German National Library
- FiW publications at WorldCat
- The history of building climate ( Memento from December 24, 2017 in the Internet Archive )
- Walter F. Cammerer : The development of the research institute for thermal protection in Munich after the Second World War. In: Physics , , 30 Year built 2008, No. 5, pp 346-349. Doi : 10.1002 / bapi.200890048 .
- Honorarystudents of the TH / TU Dresden. Technical University of Dresden, accessed on February 6, 2015 .
- Hans-Liudger Dienel: Engineers between University and Industry: Refrigeration Technology in Germany and America, 1870-1930 . In: Bavarian Academy of Sciences Munich (Hrsg.): Series of publications of the historical commission at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences . tape 54 . Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1995, ISBN 3-525-36047-9 , ISSN 0568-4323 , p. 398 (647 p., Limited preview in Google Book search).