François-Annibal was a son of Antoine IV. D'Estrées and Françoise Babou de La Bourdaisière , and the brother of Gabrielle d'Estrées , the lover of Henry IV . He had already received the diocese of Noyon in 1594 when, following his inclination, he joined the army under the name of a marquis de Coeuvres . He was appointed lieutenant-general by the king .
Under Maria de Medici he was used on several diplomatic missions; In 1624 he was given command of the combined troops of France, Venice and Savoy in order to remove the strategically important area of the Three Leagues from the control of Austria and Spain (→ Bündner Wirren ). With the reinforcement of mercenaries from the Confederation and the Three Leagues, he conquered first the area of today's Graubünden and then the Graubünden subject areas of Bormio, Valtellina and Chiavenna by spring 1625 . For this successful campaign he received the marshal's baton in 1626 . In 1630 he tried to wrest Mantua from the imperial forces, but had to capitulate and received supreme command over the Rhine Army, at whose head he took Trier in 1632 .
From 1636 to 1648 he was envoy extraordinary to Rome . When Louis XIV ascended the throne , the Marquisat Coeuvres was raised to the Duchy of Estrées and François-Annibal was appointed governor of the Île de France and Soissons . He died in Paris on May 5, 1670 and left his work Mémoires de la régence de Marie de Médicis (Paris 1666).
|SURNAME||Estrées, François-Annibal d '|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Estrées, François-Annibal d'Estrées duc d '(full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||French diplomat and military officer, Marshal of France|
|DATE OF BIRTH||1573|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 5, 1670|
|Place of death||Paris|