Franz Reichel

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Franz Reichel (born May 31, 1901 in Nuremberg ; † February 28, 1965 there ) was a German architect who won the Nuremberg Culture Prize in 1955 .


After an apprenticeship as a bricklayer and attending the arts and crafts school and the building school in Nuremberg (as a master student of Ludwig Ruff ), Reichel worked in the municipal building administration of the city of Nuremberg from 1929. Among other things, he was involved in the construction of the women's clinic. In the course of the global economic crisis , he lost this position in 1931 and subsequently worked as a freelance architect.

In 1935, Franz Reichel built the administration building of the Nuremberg settlement works and small houses in the Nuremberg-Buchenbühl settlement. From 1935 to 1940 a residential building was built in Rückersdorf-Ludwigshöhe, a tank facility with residential building on the Reichsautobahn near Schönbrunn and a grain silo near Eger. In 1949, together with Friedrich Seegy , he took over the overall planning of the model estate built on the occasion of the German Building Exhibition in Nuremberg. In 1951 he built the ECA estate in Langwasser and designed the facade of the Kaufhof department store in Nuremberg. Between 1955 and 1965, more than 3,500 apartments were built according to his plans, including the residential complexes Charlottenstrasse, "Hohe Marter", the apartment blocks in the Nordostbahnhof estate, as well as the redesign and modernization of the Grand Hotel, the expansion of the toll cellar, the planning of many single-family houses, Hotels, cinemas, administrative buildings as well as the Mühlhof waterworks, the facilities of the Happurger reservoir and the city extensions of Kulmbach and Coburg. Long-standing chairman of the building art council. In 1956, Reichel won, together with Hermann Scherzer and Hermann Thiele, the competition for a complete development plan for Langwasser. At the end of the 1950s, his design won the competition for a new development area with 40,000 inhabitants; the plans were the basis for the construction of the satellite town Langwasser in the southeast of Nuremberg. Some buildings in the new district were also designed by Reichel himself, such as the Paul Gerhardt Church and the ECA settlement , one of 15 housing projects funded under the Marshall Plan . The settlement comprised around 300 apartments. The Happurger See was also planned by him.