Peace of Berlin (1850)

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The Peace of Berlin ended the First Schleswig-Holstein War between Prussia and Denmark . The peace treaty was signed on July 2, 1850 in Berlin . Just eight days later, on July 10, 1850, the peace treaty between the German Confederation and Denmark was signed. The Federal War against Denmark was officially over.

Under Russian pressure and through British and Swedish mediation, an armistice was concluded on July 10, 1849 , in which Prussia gave up the unity of Schleswig-Holstein . After the Schleswig-Holstein Army had withdrawn across the Eider , southern Schleswig was occupied by 6,000 Prussian soldiers. North Schleswig received a Swedish army of 2,000 men. Schleswig was to be ruled by a Danish and a Prussian official . In disputes, England took on the role of arbiter. Holstein remained in the administration of a governorship of the German Confederation.

One year after the armistice came into force, the peace treaty was signed in Berlin on July 2, 1850. The Prussian and Swedish troops evacuated Schleswig and the Prussian officers withdrew from the Schleswig-Holstein army. The Schleswig-Holsteiners, left to their own devices, had to give up after a short time because of the Danish overwhelming power.

See also


  • Peter Wulf: "Persecution or Amnesty." The repossession of Schleswig-Holstein by Denmark in the years 1850 to 1852. Communications by the Society for Kiel City History, Volume 87 / Issue 2, 2013, pp. 49–59.