George Reber Wieland

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George Reber Wieland (* 1865 in Boalsburg , Pennsylvania , † 1953 ) was an American paleontologist and paleobotanist . Its official botanical author's abbreviation is " Wieland ".


Wieland with Archelon in the Peabody Museum, 1903

Wieland studied at Pennsylvania State College , the University of Göttingen and the University of Pennsylvania . In 1890 he received his doctorate from Yale University . At Yale he first collected vertebrate fossils in the Black Hills of South Dakota for Othniel Charles Marsh . There the botanist Lester Ward had also found a petrified forest of Cycadeoidaceae in 1893 and through his influence he turned to paleobotany and expanded the large collection of this fossil plant group in Yale. Wieland became a specialist in fossil Cycadeoidaceae and remained at Yale at the Peabody Museum as a research associate until the 1940s.

He wrote a standard work on fossil Cycadeoidaceae (and its reconstructions have been included in many paleobotany books) and also dealt with the Jurassic flora of Oxaca in Mexico (especially Glossopteris , which differ from the rest of the Glossopteris flora of Gondwana ).

He also dealt with fossil turtles and first described Archelon , Toxochelys, Osteopygis, Protostega and Lytoloma.


  • American Fossil Cycads, 2 volumes, 1906, 1916

Web links

References and comments

  1. Donald Brinkman, Patricia Holroyd, James Gardner (Eds.), Morphology and Evolution of Turtles, Springer 2013
  2. ij Mohan Johri, Bharati Bhattacharyya, History of Biological Sciences, Allied Publishers 2006, p 220
  3. Brinkman et al. a. 2013, loc. cit.