George Reber Wieland
Wieland studied at Pennsylvania State College , the University of Göttingen and the University of Pennsylvania . In 1890 he received his doctorate from Yale University . At Yale he first collected vertebrate fossils in the Black Hills of South Dakota for Othniel Charles Marsh . There the botanist Lester Ward had also found a petrified forest of Cycadeoidaceae in 1893 and through his influence he turned to paleobotany and expanded the large collection of this fossil plant group in Yale. Wieland became a specialist in fossil Cycadeoidaceae and remained at Yale at the Peabody Museum as a research associate until the 1940s.
He wrote a standard work on fossil Cycadeoidaceae (and its reconstructions have been included in many paleobotany books) and also dealt with the Jurassic flora of Oxaca in Mexico (especially Glossopteris , which differ from the rest of the Glossopteris flora of Gondwana ).
He also dealt with fossil turtles and first described Archelon , Toxochelys, Osteopygis, Protostega and Lytoloma.
- American Fossil Cycads, 2 volumes, 1906, 1916
- Author entry and list of the described plant names for George Reber Wieland at the IPNI
- Biography at the Peabody Museum in Yale
References and comments
- Donald Brinkman, Patricia Holroyd, James Gardner (Eds.), Morphology and Evolution of Turtles, Springer 2013
- ij Mohan Johri, Bharati Bhattacharyya, History of Biological Sciences, Allied Publishers 2006, p 220
- Brinkman et al. a. 2013, loc. cit.
|SURNAME||Wieland, George Reber|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American paleontologist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||1865|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Boalsburg , Pennsylvania|
|DATE OF DEATH||1953|