A burial chapel or burial church usually refers to a mausoleum or a church building that was primarily used as a burial place for noble or bourgeois families or a monastery or monastery. Some of these churches are still named for their function today.
In particular, churches or chapels in which the graves of saints or politically, sometimes culturally important personalities are buried, are sometimes referred to as the grave church of these personalities.
The grave church (Deggendorf) , where the name goes back to a miracle of the host , is an exception to this functional designation . The so-called Churches of the Holy Sepulcher , which are named after her in a replica of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem , must also be distinguished from the functional buildings .
Funerary chapels in aisles of churches
In addition to the entire church buildings, there are also burial chapels, which only form an enclosed area within a side aisle of a church. The St. Marien Church (Stralsund), for example, contains several grave chapels in each of the two side aisles, in which coffins are stacked on top of each other behind a very representative display wall. These show walls, which are usually divided horizontally into three parts, a base zone, a main floor and an attachment, give many churches their special character.
Well-known grave churches and chapels
- Sepulchral Chapel on the Wurttemberg , burial place of the Württemberg royal family in Stuttgart-Rotenberg
- Grand Ducal Grave Chapel Karlsruhe , burial place of the Zähringers in the pheasant garden
- Wieck burial chapel , Lepel (noble family)
- Stourdza Chapel , burial place of the Stourdza family in Baden-Baden
- Collegiate Church (Baden-Baden) , burial place of the Margraves of Baden
- St. Michael (Pforzheim) , burial place of the Margraves of Baden
- Stiftskirche Stuttgart , burial place of the Counts of Württemberg
- Chapelle Impériale (Ajaccio) , Napoleon
- Dinklage Castle Chapel (Lower Saxony, Vechta district), burial place of the von Galen family
- Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem