Guido Müller (politician, 1875)

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Guido Müller (born December 3, 1875 in Bözingen , † November 22, 1963 in Biel ) was a Swiss politician ( SP ), national councilor and mayor of Biel .


Guido Müller was born the son of a railroad worker in Bözingen. After primary and secondary school in Bözingen, he graduated from the Biel Railway School from 1891 to 1893 and graduated from the Lausanne Commercial School in 1900 . He then worked in station and administration services at various railway companies before he accepted a position as a teacher at the Biel Technical Center in 1908. After studying economics at the universities of Bern and Neuchâtel , he was elected mayor of Nidau in 1918. After two years in office, he took the position of town clerk in Biel.

In 1921 he was elected mayor of Biel and remained in office until 1947. From 1922 to 1925 he was also a member of the Grand Council of the Canton of Bern , and from 1925 to 1943 of the National Council. He was also a member of the board of directors of BKW and the mortgage bank of the Canton of Bern.

Guido Müller shaped the development of the “Red Biel” from victory in the city and municipal council elections in 1921 until after the Second World War. After restructuring the city's finances, he made a name for himself with his measures to combat unemployment during the crisis years (support for the watch industry, establishment of a General Motors assembly plant ). With the reorganization of the municipal administration and a far-sighted land, housing and social policy, he became the creator of modern Biel. As a supporter of the SP's participation in the Bundesrat and a proponent of national defense in the run-up to the program revision of 1935, Müller came into conflict with the left wing of the party. During the Second World War he was one of the National Council's critics of the official refugee policy .

In 1947, Guido Müller was granted honorary citizenship of Biel.


  • From my life and that of a city , 1963
  • Memories, speeches, writings , ed. by K. Müller, 1970


  • Biel Art and Literature Prize
  • 1947 honorary citizen of Biel


  • New Biel Yearbook, Biel 1963, pp. 94-100, 119 f.
  • R. Dahler, Guido Müller's personal library, Biel 1985
  • Tobias Kästli: The Red Biel 1919–39. Problems of social democratic community politics. Fagus, Bern 1988.
  • Gabriela Neuhaus: Nidau: 600 years of change , Nidau ​​1988
  • Werner and Marcus Bourquin: Biel: Stadtgeschichtliches Lexikon , Biel 1999.
  • Mario Cortesi , Roland Fischer et al .: Biel-Bienne, La ville au bord du lac , Biel 1989.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b c Peter Stettler: Müller, Guido. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
  2. a b biography on memreg's website