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Coat of arms of Nidau
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Canton BernCanton Bern Bern (BE)
Administrative district : Biel / Biennew
BFS no. : 0743i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 2560
Coordinates : 584.95 thousand  /  219416 coordinates: 47 ° 7 '32 "  N , 7 ° 14' 25"  O ; CH1903:  five hundred and eighty-four thousand nine hundred fifty  /  219416
Height : 432  m above sea level M.
Height range : 429–437 m above sea level M.
Area : 1.52  km²
Residents: 6823 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 4,489 inhabitants per km²
City President : Sandra Hess ( FDP )


Location of the municipality
Bielersee Kanton Neuenburg Kanton Solothurn Kanton Solothurn Verwaltungskreis Bern-Mittelland Verwaltungskreis Berner Jura Verwaltungskreis Seeland Aegerten Bellmund Biel/Bienne Brügg Ipsach Lengnau BE Evilard Ligerz Meinisberg Mörigen Nidau Orpund Pieterlen Port BE Safnern Scheuren BE Schwadernau Sutz-Lattrigen Twann-TüscherzMap of Nidau
About this picture

Nidau ( Bern German [ ˈnɪd̥ˌɔʊ̯ ], French [ nido ]) is a small town, each with its own community of residents and civic community in the Swiss canton of Bern . It was the seat of the Landvogtei Nidau , later the district of Nidau and today the administrative district Biel / Bienne .


The city is located directly on the city limits of Biel / Bienne and has grown together with it. Nidau ​​is actually an island, the city is located between the Nidau-Büren Canal and the Zihl and borders on Lake Biel , the rivers converge further downstream.


Nidau ​​is close to the language border. Lt. Information given by the city speaks about ¾ German and about ¼ French . As in many cities, many people from other regions of Switzerland and abroad live in Nidau . The official language is German.


6th 8th 6th 
A total of 30 seats
Composition of the Nidau ​​City Council
Political party 2017 2013 2009 2005 2001
SP 8th 8th 9 12 13
FDP / PRR 7th 10 14th 12 15th
SVP 6th 5 - 2 -
Green 6th 3 4th 2 -
EPP 2 2 2 2 2
BDP 1 2 1 - -
TOTAL 30th

Nidau ​​has a city ​​council as legislature, which is composed of 30 members. Traditionally, the dominant are the FDP , together with the sister party parti radical romand (PRR) and the SP . In recent years the Greens and the BDP have also been able to move into parliament, and the SVP again in 2013 .

The graphic on the left shows the composition of the city council after the election on September 24, 2017.

The executive is formed by the local council with seven members. In the 2017 election, the SP won three, the FDP two, and the SVP and EPP each one seat. Sandra Hess is the city president (FDP, as of 2017).

The voting shares of the parties at the 2019 National Council election were: SP 22.3%, GPS 20.2%, SVP 17.5%, FDP 13.6%, glp 8.8%, BDP 4.9%, EPP 4.7 %, CVP 1.7%, EDU 1.1%, Capaul 1.1%, PdA 1.0%.

(See also the article in the Burgergemeinde Nidau ).


General view of Nidau ​​(1780)
Aerial photo from 200 m by Walter Mittelholzer (1925)

In 1196 the castle and the place name are mentioned for the first time in castro meo Nidowe 'in my castle Nidau'. This is made up ahd. Nida , nid, in (semi) 'and OHDP, auwia , land on the water, swampy terrain, (half) island' together, meaning thereby that are below preferred Au '.

From 1910 onwards, several municipalities merged in the Biel agglomeration . In 1920, the two cities of Biel and Nidau wanted to merge due to the interwoven settlement development and the increasing economic ties, among other things, and the majority decided in separate referendums for a merger. The Grand Council of the Canton of Bern opposed the plan and did not approve the merger of these cities. The then mostly bourgeois government of the canton did not want the main town of the district of Nidau ​​to merge with the left Biel. A constitutional appeal against this show of force at the Federal Supreme Court changed nothing in this verdict.

Secondary school

The exhaust test center for internal combustion engines of the automotive engineering department of the Bern University of Applied Sciences for Technology and Information Technology , which is based in Biel , is located in Nidau .



Although Nidau ​​is adequately connected to the national motorway network by the single-lane expressway T5, which leads to the A5 motorway, the city suffers heavily from traffic on the main road. With the planned and z. The bypass of the city of Biel, some of which is already under construction, and the port tunnel that is being planned, would no longer lead through traffic through the center of Nidau ​​and Nidau ​​would be relieved of most of the traffic.

Rail / public transport

Nidau ​​is served by public transport as follows:

Verkehrsbetriebe Biel (VB):

  • Line 4 Nidau ​​- Biel / Löhre ( trolleybus Biel / Bienne )
  • Line 6 Nidau ​​- Port - Biel / Spitalzentrum (bus)
  • Line 7 Biel / Goldgrube - Brügg (bus)

PostBus Switzerland :

  • Line 80 Jens - Biel
  • Line 86 Biel - Aarberg
  • Line 87 Biel - Jens

Aare Seeland mobil (ASm), line of the former Biel-Täuffelen-Ins-Bahn (BTI): Biel - Täuffelen - Ins

Bielersee-Schifffahrts-Gesellschaft : Aarefahrt Biel - Solothurn

Art and culture

Institutions / organizations

The Nidau ​​Cross is the most famous cultural institution in Nidau. In 2012 she was honored by the city council of Nidau ​​for “special achievements in the field of culture”. The small restaurant with 120 seats or 200 standing places is located in the middle of the old town at the Schaalengässli passage (colloquially "Gnägiloch"). Since 1982 the association Kultur Kreuz Nidau ​​+ (formerly ONO or OuNidou) has mainly organized concerts, cabaret, theater and readings in the hall, which is located in the back of the building. The diverse programming of around 25–35 annual events draws mainly an adult, culture-loving audience from the region to the center of Nidau. The event hall is also used on a rental basis by clubs, organizations and private individuals for all kinds of events. There are also different dance classes every week. The restaurant in the main building has been run by a cooperative since 1981 and was known nationwide as an alternative meeting place until the end of the 90s. On February 28, 2011, the restaurant business and with it the Kreuz Nidau ​​cooperative was closed after 29 years. The cultural business continues independently of this. The property has been owned by the Wunderland Foundation since 2005.

Other institutions / organizations are:

  • Nidauer Chlouserbletter Foundation
  • Nidau ​​Castle Museum Association
  • Non-profit women's association
  • Seemätteli Association
  • Weyerhof Art Cellar Nidau
  • German-speaking community library
  • Bibliothèque de langue française
  • Nidau ​​Gallery


Nidau ​​Castle

Nidau's landmark is Nidau ​​Castle , which houses the offices of the cantonal administration (including the government governor's office) and the castle museum. The castle museum shows an exhibition on the correction of the Jura waters .

The existence of Nidau ​​Castle is first proven by a document dated August 30, 1196, issued by Count Ulrich III. from Neuchâtel. In him one can assume the builder of the defiant moated castle. The expansion into a real city, i.e. H. to a location with ditches, curtain walls, towers and gates, we owe Rudolf III, the most powerful representative of the Nidau ​​family of counts. As an ardent supporter of Austria, however, he was on friendly terms with Bern; as a result, however, he became the enemies of this city due to the influence of the nobles. The city ​​founder suffered his death in the Battle of Laupen in 1339. The corner defense tower and some remnants of the curtain wall are the only witnesses of the city at that time, whose trapezoidal floor plan is still clearly visible today. In 1375 the powerful count dynasty of Nidau ​​died out with the death of Rudolf IV. The transition to Bern in 1388 meant the dawn of a quieter era for Nidau ​​after a turbulent period. the most important legal provisions for urban life had already been laid down in a tangible festival during the time of the count and later confirmed several times by the Bernese. Until 1831 the castle was the seat of 86 Bernese governors and four senior magistrates.

In times of war and peace, Nidau ​​was an important place because of its location. Nidau ​​was more important than the Bernese Aare towns because it was on the major road that led from the Bernese lands into the Jura and thus to Burgundy, the Free County of Basel and Alsace. In addition, Nidau ​​was on one of the major west-east trade routes that led from southern France and Savoy via Geneva to Lausanne, the Aargau, to Zurich and the Rhine. The port of Nidau ​​on the Zihl and on the lake was of great importance for shipping until the 19th century. The Nidau ​​customs and shipmen made sure that nothing of the income escaped them. In addition, Nidau ​​developed into a large storage area. With the French occupation of Biel in 1798, Nidau ​​became a border and customs place against France.

Folk festivals

City life

Every year, on the last Saturday in May, the “Stedtlifescht Nidau” takes place in Nidau. For this purpose, the main road through Nidau ​​will be closed to all traffic. More than 120 stalls from market vendors and local associations line the streets of the medieval town on this day. The young and old visitors come to Nidau ​​from nearby Biel and the Seeland and stroll happily and calmly through the market until late in the evening.

Town twinning

Nidau ​​maintains a partnership with the German community Schliengen in southern Baden-Württemberg (D).



Web links

Commons : Nidau  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Permanent resident population from STAT-TAB of the BfS , municipalities see also regional portraits 2020 on, accessed on May 29, 2020
  2. Gabrielle Schmid / Nicolas Pépin: Nidau ​​BE (Nidau) in: Dictionnaire toponymique des communes suisses - Lexicon of Swiss community names - Dizionario toponomastico dei comuni svizzeri (DTS | LSG). Center de dialectologie, Université de Neuchâtel, Verlag Huber, Frauenfeld / Stuttgart / Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-7193-1308-5 and Éditions Payot, Lausanne 2005, ISBN 2-601-03336-3 , p. 644.
  3. accessed on March 14, 2020
  4. election result. City of Nidau, September 24, 2017, accessed on September 24, 2017 .
  5. Allocation of seats. (PDF) City of Nidau, September 22, 2013, accessed on September 24, 2017 .
  6. Protocol. (PDF) City of Nidau, September 27, 2009, accessed on September 24, 2017 .
  7. Archived copy ( Memento of the original from September 28, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  8. Archived copy ( Memento of the original from September 28, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  9. election result. City of Nidau, September 24, 2017, accessed on September 24, 2017 .
  10. Elections 2019: Results of the municipality of Nidau, Canton of Bern, accessed on November 30, 2019
  11. Lexicon of Swiss municipality names . Edited by the Center de Dialectologie at the University of Neuchâtel under the direction of Andres Kristol. Frauenfeld / Lausanne 2005, p. 644.