|Timetable field :||290|
|Route length:||21.19 km|
|Gauge :||1000 mm ( meter gauge )|
|Power system :||1300 V =|
|Maximum slope :||48 ‰|
The Biel-Täuffelen-Ins-Bahn ( BTI ) was a railway company in the canton of Bern in Switzerland . In 1999 it merged with Regionalverkehr Oberaargau (RVO), the Solothurn-Niederbipp-Bahn (SNB) and the Oberaargauische Automobilkursen (OAK) to form Aare Seeland mobil (ASm), which is now the 21 km long, meter-gauge railway line Biel-Täuffelen-Ins operates.
Founded in 1912 as Seeländische Lokalbahnen (SLB) with its headquarters in Täuffelen , the first section from Nidau to Siselen was opened on December 4, 1916; on March 19, 1917 the section from Siselen to Ins followed . Since the line in Ins ended at the standard-gauge line of the Bern-Neuchâtel railway (BN), a roller bolster system was opened at the same time for the transport of standard-gauge freight wagons on the meter-gauge line.
The last section of the route between Nidau and Biel's Bahnhofplatz finally followed on August 21, 1926; previously, the railway had used the Biel tram route to reach the train station. A roller bolster system was also put into operation here at the same time; the possible delivery points covered the entire railway line of the former Seeländische local railways.
The Biel – Täuffelen – Ins railway line remained the only railway line operated by the Seeländische Lokalbahnen.
The Seeländische Lokalbahnen was renamed the Biel-Täuffelen-Ins-Bahn (BTI) on September 1, 1945. The longstanding cooperation between the Oberaargau-Jura-Bahnen (OJB) and the Solothurn-Niederbipp-Bahn (SNB) was contractually regulated in 1960.
On May 22, 1975, the new underground introduction of the Biel-Täuffelen-Ins-Bahn into the Biel station was put into operation. This canceled the city line, which was routed as a tram and led under the large SBB railway bridge to Biel's station square. With the tunnel station, access to the trains of the Swiss Federal Railways (SBB) has been shortened and the station square has been made available for redesign.
A first sign of the later merger is a formal agreement that was signed on April 5, 1984 between the Biel-Täuffelen-Ins-Bahn (BTI), the Oberaargau-Jura-Bahnen (OJB), the Solothurn-Niederbipp-Bahn (SNB) , the Oberaargau Automotive Courses (OAK), the Ligerz-Tessenberg-Bahn (LTB) and the Bielersee-Schiffahrts-Gesellschaft (BSG) under the name Oberaargau-Solothurn-Seeland-Transport (OSST) .
In 1997 the first of seven low-floor articulated multiple units (GTW) Be 2/6 went into operation.
The majority of the participants in Oberaargau-Solothurn-Seeland-Transport merged into Aare Seeland mobil (ASm) in 1999 . The Ligerz-Tessenberg-Bahn only joined in 2003, whereas the Bielersee-Schiffahrts-Gesellschaft has remained legally independent to this day.
The route largely has its own railway body, a few hundred meters of the route run on public roads. The steepest section of the railway at 47 per thousand is located between the Ins and Ins Dorf stations.
The BTI ends under the Biel SBB train station; this is the junction of four SBB routes. The Biel - Grenchen - Solothurn - Olten and Biel - Neuchâtel - Yverdon-les-Bains - Lausanne railway lines are also known as the Jura foot line. Further connections are made via the Biel - Lyss - Zollikofen - Bern and Biel - Sonceboz-Sombeval - La Chaux-de-Fonds railway lines .
There is a project called Regiotram agglomeration Biel / Bienne , in which the BTI is to be run as a tram beyond Biel SBB train station through the city to Bözingenfeld to the new train stop of the same name. This would mean that the most important development areas (living, working, leisure) in the region would be developed in an environmentally friendly manner and connected without changing trains. With a total length of 27 kilometers, the longest tram line in Switzerland would be created. The project was stopped by the government delegation on March 26, 2015.
- Be 4/4 523, 525 and 101 (renumbered 1997?), Formerly Be 4/4 501 to 505 (renumbered 1985), formerly Be 4/4 1 to 5 (taken over by BTI: 1974 (24, 26, 27), 1975 (25), 1978 (28/61)), formerly SZB Be 4/4 24 to 26 (1965), 27 and 28 (1970).
The Be 4/4 524 suffered a total loss after a fire on March 5, 2008 and was replaced by the Be 4/4 101 from Langenthal.
- Bt 551 to 554 (renumbered 1985), formerly Bt 21 to 24 (taken over by BTI), formerly SZB Bt 84 to 87. There is no longer a Bt on the Biel – Täuffelen – Ins railway line
- Be 2/6 501 to 507 (1997) Stadler
- Be 2/6 509 and 510 (2007) Stadler
- Be 2/6 511 to 513 (1997) Stadler, taken over from MVR
- Jürg Aeschlimann: Aare Seeland mobile (Volume 1) . Prellbock Druck & Verlag, Leissigen 2008, ISBN 3-907579-30-5 .
- Fritz Bandi: The Swiss Private Railways I & II . Avanti Publishing House, 1978.
- Heinz Hunziker: From the Seeländische Lokalbahnen to the Biel-Täuffelen-Ins-Bahn . Verlag Ernst B. Leutwiler, Zurich 1992, ISBN 3-906681-11-4 .
- René Stamm and Claude Jeanmaire: Oberaargauer Schmalspurbahnen . Verlag Eisenbahn, Villigen 1975, ISBN 3-85649-023-X .
- Albert Ziegler: Bieler Strassenbahnen - Tramways of Biel Switzerland; City tram Biel, municipal transport company, Biel, Biel-Meinisberg-Bahn, Biel-Täuffelen-Ins-Bahn . Gut Vorhard, Verlag Eisenbahn, Villingen 1977, ISBN 3-85649-027-2 .
- Hans G. Wägli: Swiss rail network and Swiss rail profile CH + . AS Verlag, Zurich 2010, ISBN 978-3-909111-74-9 .
- ↑ Reto Wissmann: Bieler Regiotram is not being built now. In: Der Bund online. March 27, 2015, accessed June 10, 2015 .