Aare Seeland mobile
|Aare Seeland mobile|
|Managing directors||Fredy Miller|
|Gauge||1000 mm ( meter gauge )|
|number of vehicles|
|Omnibuses||29 + 3|
|Passengers||> 6 million per year|
|Stops||Lane: 54; Bus: 124|
|Residents in the
The Aare Seeland mobil AG (asm or asmobil) based in Langenthal is a transport company in Switzerland . It was created in 1999 through the merger of Regionalverkehr Oberaargau (RVO), the Solothurn-Niederbipp-Bahn (SNB), the Biel-Täuffelen-Ins-Bahn (BTI) and the Oberaargauische Automobilkurse (OAK).
The legal amalgamation of transport companies under the “Aare Seeland mobil AG” was preceded by company agreements between individual companies. The Langenthal-Jura-Bahn (LJB) opened in 1907 and also managed the Langenthal-Melchnau-Bahn (LMB), which opened in 1917 . The Solothurn-Niederbipp-Bahn (SNB), which opened in 1918, immediately agreed to work with the LJB. The LJB and the LMB legally merged with each other in 1958 to form the Oberaargau-Jura-Bahnen (OJB) - in fact, they had long been a single company. The cooperation with the SNB was deepened and the technically isolated Biel-Täuffelen-Ins-Bahn (BTI) entered into cooperation with the two companies in 1960.
The cooperation was placed on a new basis on April 5, 1984, as a contractual agreement for a joint venture under the name Oberaargau-Solothurn-Seeland-Transport ( OSST ) between OJB, SNB, BTI, the Oberaargau automobile courses (OAK), the Ligerz -Tessenberg-Bahn (LTB) and the Bielersee-Schifffahrts-Gesellschaft (BSG). The OSST, which was created on a contractual basis, became the de facto forerunner of the merger under company law under the name Aare Seeland mobil AG (asm) . Before the merger, OJB changed its name on July 2, 1990 - one last time - for a short time to "Regionalverkehr Oberaargau AG (RVO)".
In 1999, RVO, SNB, BTI and OAK merged retrospectively as of January 1, 1999 to form a single stock corporation , which usually operates under the name “Aare Seeland mobil” (asm). The OSST partner LTB was also merged into asm in 2003, with retroactive effect from January 1, 2003.
Asm's cooperation partner has remained the BSG, which continues to be a legally independent company.
From a legal perspective, “Aare Seeland Mobil AG” is “Regionalverkehr Oberaargau AG (RVO)” (previously “Oberaargau-Jura-Bahnen (OJB) (Melchnau-Langenthal-Niederbipp)”), whose share capital is used for the takeover of Merger companies was increased. The capital increase and the change of name became legally binding on June 28th with entry in the commercial register and retrospectively effective January 1st, 1999. The "Solothurn-Niederbipp-Bahn (SNB)" in Solothurn , the "Biel-Täuffelen-Ins-Bahn AG" in Täuffelen and the "Oberaargauische Automobilkurse AG (OAK)" in Wangen an der Aare were taken over - these three joint-stock companies became with inactive after the merger and deleted from the respective commercial registers in January 2003.
Another capital increase became legally binding on July 2, 2003 when it was entered in the commercial register, as part of which “Ligerz-Tessenberg-Bahn AG (LTB)” in Ligerz was taken over by asm with retroactive effect from January 1.
Railway stations, stops and structures
In contrast to the barely existing historical rolling stock - a lovingly restored vehicle, the Ce 2/2 12 motor vehicle of the former Langenthal Jura Bahn (LJB) is on the Blonay – Chamby museum railway - the Aare Seeland looks exemplary, like other similarly positioned transport companies the historical substance of the buildings.
While individual buildings that were no longer necessary for operations, such as the Untersteckholz and Melchnau stations , were sold to private individuals , the station buildings in Aarwangen , Bannwil and the valley station of the Ligerz-Tessenberg Railway (LTB), which was also operated, as well as the original buildings at the Langenthal depot have been carefully restored .
With the support of Aare Seeland mobil, the former Untersteckholz station was given an unusual memorial in the form of a short film by students from the Zurich University of Art and Design in 2005 . The short film had its premiere - on the occasion of a festival - in Untersteckholz on the former station area.
Remote control and travel centers
The remote control center for the Oberaargau region but also for the Seeland is located together with a travel center with a operated counter in Niederbipp train station . Other travel centers are located, for example, in the Bern train station , in the Choufhüsi in Langenthal, or directly in the Roggwil Dorf train station
The oldest business division of asm goes back to originally four railway companies, each with its own main line. Together, these four routes measure 57.76 km. Today there are two isolated subnetworks that can each be served by one transport line.
The routes of the former OJB - originally LJB and LMB - and the SNB come to a length of 33.2 km from St. Urban via Langenthal, Niederbipp and Oensingen to Solothurn. The line is continuously electrified with 1200 volts direct current and requires two changes of direction (Langenthal and Oensingen), whereby the sections Langenthal – Gaswerk (1.10 km) and Niederbipp – Oensingen (1.8 km) have to be traveled twice. On the 5.16 km long St. Urban Ziegelei – Melchnau section, passenger traffic has been suspended since 1982. The line from Niederbipp to Oensingen was opened in 2012, after LJB trains ran between these towns between 1907 and 1943.
The route of the former BTI is isolated and measures 21.19 km from Biel via Täuffelen and Siselen to Ins; it is continuously electrified with 1300 volts direct current and is in full operation.
Asm's bus division is essentially based on OAK. The centerpiece is the bus routes in the area around Langenthal - Herzogenbuchsee - Wangen an der Aare (former headquarters of the OAK) - Wiedlisbach, whereby the Langenthal city bus is also operated by asm. From December 2008, a Niederbipp-Oensingen bus line was also operated, which was to be understood as the predecessor to the extension of the narrow-gauge railway line to Oensingen. The Biel - Meinisberg bus line has also existed since December 2009 and was taken over by the BGU . Asm vehicles in the form of articulated buses are also increasingly operating on the BSU route from Herzogenbuchsee to Solothurn.
Around 20 cars are in use, most of them standard MAN brand buses, but also individual midi, articulated and minibuses.
|5||Herzogenbuchsee - Aeschi - Horriwil - Solothurn main station - Solothurn Brühl|
|7th||Herzogenbuchsee - Röthenbach - Aeschi - Horriwil - Solothurn main station - Solothurn Brühl|
|51||(Grossdietwil -) Melchnau - Langenthal - Bützberg - Herzogenbuchsee - Röthenbach - Wangen ad Aare|
|52||Thunstetten - Langenthal - Bleienbach - Thörigen - Bettenhausen - Bollodingen - Herzogenbuchsee|
|54||Herzogenbuchsee - Grasswil - Riedtwil - Wynigen|
|58||Wangen ad Aare - Wiedlisbach - Rumisberg - Farnern|
|63||Langenthal, Bahnhof - Industrie Nord - Langenthal, Bahnhof - Tell / Kantonalbank - Spital - Tell / Kantonalbank - Langenthal, Bahnhof (city bus)|
|64||Lotzwil, Unterdorf - Tell / Kantonalbank - Langenthal, train station - Schoren-Ochsen - Langenthal, train station - Tell / Kantonalbank - Lotzwil, Unterdorf (city bus)|
|72||Biel / Bienne train station - Meinisberg|
|73||Pieterlen - Reuchenette / Pèry|
The 1.20 km long meter-gauge funicular of the former LTB has belonged to asm since 2003. It connects Ligerz with Prêles on the Tessenberg and overcomes a difference in altitude of 383 meters. The original funicular from 1912 was replaced by a new one due to its old age and reopened on May 17, 2004 under the name "Vinifuni".
- Jürg Aeschlimann: Aare Seeland mobile (Volume 1) . Prellbock Druck & Verlag, Leissigen 2008, ISBN 3-907579-30-5 .
- Fritz Bandi: The Swiss Private Railways I & II . Avanti Publishing House, 1978.
- Heinz Hunziker: From the Seeländische Lokalbahnen to the Biel-Täuffelen-Ins-Bahn . Verlag Ernst B. Leutwiler, Zurich 1992, ISBN 3-906681-11-4 .
- Erich Liechti, Jürg Meister, Josef Gwerder: The history of shipping on the Jura waters. Lake Neuchâtel - Lake Murten - Lake Biel - Aare. Meier, Schaffhausen 1982, ISBN 3-8580-1035-9 .
- René Stamm and Claude Jeanmaire: Oberaargauer Schmalspurbahnen . Verlag Eisenbahn, Villigen 1975, ISBN 3-85649-023-X .
- Albert Ziegler: Bieler Strassenbahnen - Tramways of Biel Switzerland; City tram Biel, municipal transport company, Biel, Biel-Meinisberg-Bahn, Biel-Täuffelen-Ins-Bahn . Gut Vorhard, Verlag Eisenbahn, Villingen 1977, ISBN 3-85649-027-2 .
- Hans G. Wägli: Swiss rail network and Swiss rail profile CH + , in a slipcase. AS Verlag , Zurich, 2010, ISBN 978-3-909111-74-9
- Untersteckholz (short film, thesis, University of Art and Design Zurich, Voltafilm) by Romana Lanfranconi and Markus Heiniger, D 2005