The Gumleaf ( rubber sheet ) is a simple musical instrument of the Aborigines can be generated with the special sounds, as well as with the well-known Australian didgeridoo and Schwirrholz . In Australia, gumleaf is traditionally a music of the Aborigines, but there are now also white people who have mastered this music and who have been competing in an Australian championship every year since 1977.
Eucalyptus leaves are used to create this music . In principle, anyone can play this musical instrument.
One method is to create gumleaf tones by holding the sheet across your lips and moving it with puffs of air. The other method, which is usually used, is to press the leaf in front of the lower lip with two hands and the index and middle fingers and vibrate it with puffs of air. This creates tones that are unique to Gumleaf.
The exact age of this genre is not known; however, it could be very old. The first reports of gumleaf music are from the late 1800s.
In the 20th century, gumleaf music spread in southeast Australia and around 1910 the Aboriginal music style elements receded and European music style elements, which were also played on the gum sheets, came forward. This music was particularly recognized and popular between the years from 1920 to 1940. The Aborigines recorded other songs, dance and also singing, such as classical warbling, jazz , blues and wawa . There are single players and quartets were often formed in the middle of the 20th century. Gumleaf bands played at soccer games, shows and other sporting events.
The Wallaga Lake Gumleaf Band was formed on the southeast coast of New South Wales in 1910 and influenced this music for over 60 years. This band also included a drum lined with kangaroo skin in their musical performances. This gumleaf band also played at the inauguration of Sydney Harbor Bridge on March 19, 1932.
Although Gumleaf is primarily a music of the Aborigines and is taught by them, a gumleaf tradition has developed since the British colonial times, which does not only come from the Aborigines and the Australian Gumleaf Playing Championship has been held since 1977 . This championship is attended by Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people and the best are awarded the Golden Gumleaf Award .
Well-known gumleaf musicians
Guboo Ted Thomas (1909-2002) was an elder of the Yuin Aboriginal tribe , who was a member of the Wallaga Lake Gumleaf Band as a teenager and young man . This major gumleaf band performed in southern New South Wales and Victoria . He was with this band on the occasion of the opening of the Sydney Harbor Bridge in 1932.
A single Gumleaf player known in Australia is Roseina Boston , who mainly imitated bird calls . She is an elder of the Gumbayungirr from the Nambucca Valley . She is the only female gumleaf player. She performed four times at the Australian Gumleaf Playing Championship . Boston has been depicted in numerous books and articles asked about their views on Gumleaf music and their life. She also released a CD. Her grandfather's brother was George Possum Davis, who appeared in the Burnt Bridge Gumleaf Band in the late 1800s and early 1900s.
Herb Patten , who played at Aboriginal Advancement League events , was also a writer. He wrote a book on the history of gumleaf music with Robin Ryan and has performed in Hong Kong and at the Edinburgh Festival in Scotland .
- Robin Ryan: A Spiritual Sound, A Lonely Sound: Leaf Music of Southeastern Aboriginal Australians, 1890s-1990s. PhD thesis, Monash University, Clayton, Australia 1999
- Presentation of the gumleaft technique . Retrieved June 9, 2010
- Herb Patten on rmit.com.au . Retrieved June 10, 2010
- Gerry Bloustien: Musical Visions: Selected Conference Proceedings from 6th National Australian / New Zealand IASPM an Inauguaral Arnhem Land Performence Conference. Adelaide, Australia 1966. p. 121. ISBN 1862545006 Online on Google Books
- Gerry Bloustien: Musical Visions. P. 120
- Gubbo Ted Thomas on findarticles.com ( Memento from July 8, 2012 in the web archive archive.today ). Retrieved June 9, 2010
- Gumleaf and Singing Dog Duo on abc.net.au . Retrieved June 9, 2010
- Image of Herb Petten playing the Gumleaf game ( memento of the original from July 26th, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . Retrieved June 9, 2010
- Herb Patten on nienor.net ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . Retrieved June 9, 2010
- Herbert Patten on starnewsgroup.com.au ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . Retrieved June 9, 2010