from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

As Hāfiz ( Arabic حافظ, DMG ḥāfiẓ fromحفظ / ḥafiẓa  / 'guard'; Pluralحفاظ / ḥuffāẓ orحفظة / ḥafaẓa ) is the general term used in the Islamic world to refer to a person who has memorized the entire Koran and who often recites sections of it on certain occasions . This lecture follows pronunciation and intonation rules and is therefore a kind of spoken chant .

A hafiz is very respected among Muslims because, according to their understanding , he has internalized the word of God . The blind and other physically handicapped people have often become professional hafiz and in this way can achieve a high reputation. Women who can recite the entire Quran by heart are called Hāfiza .

Because of its rhymes and metrics , the Koran is relatively easy to learn in relation to its length. Arabic biographies traditionally indicate the age at which a scholar became Haafiz (and later Imam , "prayer leader"). The historian at-Tabarī is said to have learned the Koran by heart by the age of seven and became a prayer leader by the age of eight. The Persian poet Hafiz got his honorary name because he knew the Koran by heart at the age of eight.

In the Islamic sciences and classical Islamic literature, a hafiz is also a title for a scholar who knows most of the traditions and traditions of hadiths . There are different views as to when a person is considered a hafiz. Nuruddin ʿItr prefers the view that these people know the majority of the existing traditions and ways of transmission. Other opinions speak of concrete numbers such as 1,000,000 hadiths, others limit this for the present time to people who have learned the six canonical hadiths by heart and know their traders. Examples of a hafiz in this sense are Ahmad ibn Hanbal , al-Buḫârî , al-Irâqî, Ibn Kathir and al-Mizzi .

In Tajikistan , the Hāfez (also Hôfiz ) is a professional bard who recites verses from classical Persian poetry and accompanies himself on the long-necked dombra . It is comparable to the Uzbek Bachschi ( baxshi ) and the Turkish-Azerbaijani Aşık .

Individual evidence

  1. نورد الدين عتر: منهج النقد في علوم الحديث . 1st edition. دار الفكر, Damascus 1997, ISBN 1-57547-258-9 , pp. 76 .
  2. نور الدين عتر: منهج النقد في علوم الحديث . 3. Edition. دار الفكر, Damascus 1997, ISBN 1-57547-258-9 , pp. 77 .
  3. نور الدين عتر: منهج النقد في علوم الحديث . 3. Edition. دار الفكر, Damascus 1997, ISBN 1-57547-258-9 , pp. 76 .