Gelibolu Peninsula

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Gallipoli Peninsula
Dardanelles map2.png
Gallipoli Peninsula
Geographical location
Gelibolu Peninsula (Turkey)
Gelibolu Peninsula
Coordinates 40 ° 21 ′  N , 26 ° 28 ′  E Coordinates: 40 ° 21 ′  N , 26 ° 28 ′  E
Waters 1 Sea of ​​Marmara , Dardanelles
Waters 2 Bay of Saros in the Thracian Sea
length 83 km
width 21 km
surface 900 km²
Eceabat Kilitbahir Fortress.JPG
Kilitbahir fortress at the narrowest point of the Dardanelles at Eceabat

Gelibolu Peninsula , formerly Gallipoli ( Greek Χερσόνησος της Καλλίπολης Chersonisos tis Kallipolis , Turkish Gelibolu Yarımadası ), is the modern name of the ancient Thracian Chersonese ( Χερασrakνησος ερασνησος ).

The peninsula belonging to Turkey separates the Sea of ​​Marmara and the Dardanelles from the Bay of Saros in the Thracian Sea . The largest city on the peninsula is Gelibolu .


The peninsula can only be reached from Thrace via the main road from Keşan or via small mountain roads from Şarköy ( Tekirdağ ) and from Asia Minor only via the ferries from Lapseki to Gelibolu and from Çanakkale to Eceabat .

The Turkish island of Gökçeada ( Imbros in Greek ) can be reached from the western side .


The Gelibolu Peninsula is located on the Anatolian Plate on the northern plate boundary with the European Plate .


Gallipoli in ancient times

The peninsula served Alexander the Great in 334 BC. As the starting point for his campaign in Asia. From here he crossed the Hellespont ( Dardanelles ) with 30,000 foot soldiers and 5,000 riders .

In the opposite direction, the peninsula served the Ottoman Empire as a bridgehead for expansion into Europe. The conquest of Gallipolis in 1354 was followed by the conquest of Thrace and the "encirclement" of Constantinople , which fell to the Ottomans almost 100 years later.

During the First World War , the Battle of Gallipoli took place in February 1915 . The invasion of the Ottoman Empire by the Entente powers failed and ended with the evacuation, which lasted until January 1916.

After the Russian Civil War , a large Russian military camp of General Baron von Wrangel's troops was built on the Gallipoli peninsula in 1920 .


Ancient cities

See also