Hammer Niederlind

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The Hammer Niederlind (later Hammer Unterlind ) was in the Upper Franconian town of Unterlind in the municipality of Mehlmeisel . The iron hammer was driven by the water of the Fichtelnaab .


The right to build hammer mills also fell under the prospecting permit that Elector Philipp von der Pfalz issued to the brothers Hermann and Hans von Hirschberg in April 1478. As a result of this transfer of the Bergregal to the Hirschberger , the Hammer Niederlind was also created. In the feudal deeds since the 15th century, the so-called "four wastes around Mehlmeisel " has been named as the one at Nidenlint . A hammer has been documented here since the 16th century. In the meantime the hammer seems to have fallen boring. In 1583 this hammer was rebuilt again at the expense of the Hirschberg subject Tobias B (P) auer . In the tax assessment of 1630 it says "Nidernlind first bey Mehlmeißl ... a hammer (estimated at 2000 fl)".

On an adjoining building of the former hammer house is a donor's board with the following inscription: When the tent was born on May 15th in 1547, Thobias pauer was the elder that simply acted all time. Fritz Bauer zu ebnath was my father A Mobleysin from Schönfelldt my mother. As one wrote in 1587. which I live. Anna Schmiedtin von Redwitz I had chosen to be a Havß woman. with whom I live 36 years. as in 1583 they count down to the construction stage that I choose. We built this hammer on the bottom of it. We suffered a lot of angry hours. After the birth of Christ Alß we counted a thousand six hundred toes and four. to build this house I thet begin. in the one with God, my hate wife, on the first of September she fell asleep. God has given us nine children. come here and get some rest for me soon because I am fed up with the worries and toil and graciously give all my posterity this house with their pious amen.

In a report from January 16, 1666 about the state of mining and hammering in the Upper Palatinate, Niderlind is told: “ Ain hammer zu Niderlindt in the Ebnath farmmarket, Balthasaren Pauern belonging, although passable, but not through him, but that of Altmannshausen as a tenant of the Fichtelbergischen Pergwerk, to which such hammer is left as inventory, ordered and as a bad doctor processed above. "

In 1674 the hammer Niederlind was bought entirely by Johann Ernst von Altmannshausen , who at that time also owned the hammer Oberlind and the hammer Ebnath . He had to flee the country in 1689 because of the allegation of misappropriating revenue from the sovereign, and so the Hammer Niederlind came under state supervision. The district judge of Kemnath, Macolini , was given the upper supervision of Nieder- and Oberlind as mountain colonel . In 1792 the hammer in Unterlind, belonging to the Electoral Mining Authority Fichtelberg , is mentioned. In 1850 the work was stopped and in 1864 the mining authority was abolished.

The former mining office, an associated barn and a farm building of the Hammergut are under monument protection as architectural monuments, as well as archaeological findings and underground parts of the mining office as a ground monument.


  • Dirk Götschmann: Upper Palatinate iron. Mining and iron industry in the 16th and 17th centuries. Ed. Association of Friends and Patrons of the Mining and Industry Museum in East Bavaria (= volume 5 of the series of publications by the Mining and Industry Museum in East Bavaria), Theuern 1985, ISBN 3-924350-05-1 , pp. 76-82.
  • Georg Hager: The art monuments of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Second volume. Administrative regions of Upper Palatinate and Regensburg. Booklet X: Kemnath District Office. Oldenbourg Verlag , Munich 1906, p. 71.
  • Hans Müller-Ihl: Hofmark Ebnath. Home on the upper Fichtelnaab. Ebnath community administration, Coburg 1979.
  • Herbert Sturm: Historical Atlas of Bavaria: Kemnath. District judge Waldeck-Kemnath with sub-office Pressath. Munich 1975, in: Hans Müller-Ihl (1979), pp. 47-122.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Denk, Julius: Contributions to the history of mining and hammering in the electoral Upper Palatinate. 1902, p. 187.
  2. List of architectural and ground monuments from Mehlmeisel from September 2, 2017 .

Coordinates: 49 ° 58 '21.7 "  N , 11 ° 52' 25.9"  E