Hammer Oberlind

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The Hammer Oberlind was located in the Oberlind district of the Upper Franconian municipality of Mehlmeisel . The iron hammer was driven by the water of the Fichtelnaab .


In the feudal lapel that Sebastian von Hirschberg received on December 14, 1477 for the fortress Ebenode , "a desert called Oberlind" is mentioned. The right to build hammer mills also fell under the prospecting permit that Elector Philipp von der Pfalz issued to the brothers Hermann and Hans von Hirschberg in April 1478. As a result of this transfer of the Bergregal , the Gottesgab ironworks was built in 1602 . In 1609 a new blast furnace was built on the then densely wooded banks of the Naab , near which a settlement with an iron hammer, a sawmill , a forge and a brewery was built, which was named Oberlind.

In 1635 the place was attacked, looted and set on fire during the Thirty Years' War . After that, Hammer Oberlind, which was headed by Otto Loefen at the time , was put back into operation. Otto Loefen was initially left in the possession of the Oberlind hammer. The government signed a contract with him, according to which the hammer would be given to him for an annual lease. Carl Heider , the factory's former sheet metal smith, and then his son Georg worked on the hammer . After the end of the Thirty Years' War, the elector took over the work as a mountain loan that had fallen into the open .

In 1654 Peter Lödel was appointed as the new administrator , but he was replaced by Ernst Friedrich Schneider in 1656 . Under state administration, the plant could not make a profit and so it was leased to a private entrepreneur, under whom there was again a considerable boom. On March 20, 1658, the Oberlind hammer came to Johann Ernst von Altmannshausen , electoral colonel sergeant on foot, who also appears when the lease was extended in 1663; in 1674 he was able to buy this hammer entirely. A brewery, a mill and a forge (carriage and yard fittings) belonged to the hammer. Altmannshausen had to flee the country in 1689 because of accusations of misappropriating revenue from the sovereign, and so the Hammer Oberlind came back under state supervision. The district judge of Kemnath, Macolini , was given the upper supervision of Nieder- and Oberlind as mountain colonel . Oberlind seems to have been shut down at the beginning of the 19th century due to unprofitability.


  • Hans Müller-Ihl: Hofmark Ebnath. Home on the upper Fichtelnaab. Ebnath community administration, Coburg 1979.
  • H. Schellein: From the iron hammers on the upper Fichtelnaab. In: Hans Müller-Ihl (1979), pp. 215-221.
  • Herbert Sturm: Historical Atlas of Bavaria: Kemnath. District judge Waldeck-Kemnath with sub-office Pressath. Munich 1975, in: Hans Müller-Ihl (1979), pp. 47-122.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Herbert Sturm, 1975, p. 190.

Coordinates: 49 ° 59 ′ 35.6 ″  N , 11 ° 51 ′ 18.9 ″  E