Ebnath Castle

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The abandoned Ebnath Castle was located in the Upper Palatinate municipality of Ebnath in the Tirschenreuth district (Kirchweg 4). The Burgstall is now a protected ground monument.


The judicial district around Ebnath was first mentioned in 1061, at that time Emperor Heinrich IV gave this area to his ministerial Ottnant von Eschenau as a free property with the express order to clear it. This Otnant had no direct descendants and so the judicial district went back to the Margraviate in Nordgau and the Diepoldinger . In 1165 it was noted in a tradition book of the Reichenbach monastery that Margrave Diepold the Younger (presumably Diepold VI.) Had sold an estate there called “Hezelisruth” (today Hölzlashof south of Ebnath). The center of the estate is believed to have been moved to Ebnath between 1165 and 1179.

Ebnath and the associated castle were mentioned in 1179 when Diepold asked the Passau bishop to consecrate "ecclesiam in Ebenöde que sita est in predio". This church appears around 1200 as a branch church of the parish of Kulmain . As early as the 12th century, parts of the Bamberg fiefdom came to the Landgraves of Leuchtenberg , who formed the rule of Waldeck and sold it to Duke Ludwig der Strenge in 1283 . This area had become sovereign and Ebnath also became an electoral palatinate fief .

The manor district was sold to the Waldsassen and Reichenbach monasteries , Ebnath being in the Reichenbach area. The predecessor building of the parish church of St. Giles in Ebnath can probably be seen as the center of the estate. Before 1185 there was a change of ownership from "Ebinode" to the Waldsassen monastery. In 1277 the Eger district judge "Ramung de Kamerstaine imperialis aule ministralis" transferred the goods belonging to him to "Ebenod" at the Waldsassen monastery. In 1434 and 1442 Uttenhöfer and Franz Heckel and his brothers were mentioned as owners. In the 14th century the castle seems to have belonged to the Trautenberg family. Ebnath was then a fiefdom of the Leuchtenbergers and the Trautenbergers were their vassals . On May 7, 1355 the "Veste Eberode" was pledged by the Trautenbergers to Hans and Arnold von Hirschberg . The Hirschbergers ("Hirzperc") were enfeoffed with the castle by Count Palatine Rupprecht . In 1399 Hans von Hirschberg sat in Ebnath and named himself after his new property. In 1405 the brothers Hans and Arnold von Hirschberg were named with the addition "zu Ebnath", in 1441 Paulus and Jörg von Hirschberg sat there. In 1416 Paulus von Hirschberg received a sum of money (250 Rhenish guilders) from his sovereign, which he was to build into Ebnath Castle. In 1455 the son Heinrich of Jörg sold his share in the castle to the sons of Paulus, Arnold, Gilg and Hermann. In 1486 Hans von Hirschberg, district judge of the bishopric of Bamberg , was named, in 1488 Paul von Hirschberg, caretaker of Murach , and in 1489 again Hans von Hirschberg. In 1501 and 1509 Paul, Wolf and Georg von Hirschberg were named as owners.

During the Landshut War of Succession , Ebnath was attacked by a Wunsiedel contingent under the Bohemian field captain Balthasar Pribisch; the village of Ebnath was burned down and the castle was shot at, so that its top floor, made of wood, burned down. Under the command of Paul von Hirschberg and Oswald von Seckendorf, the castle resisted the attack and the Wunsiedel contingent was wiped out on August 8, 1504. This battle is still commemorated today as part of a commemoration under the title “Bavarian-Bohemian Market with Camp”.

The three brothers Paul, Wolf and Georg von Hirschberg divided the castle into three castle hats . After Paul's death, his part passed to his sons Ludwig and Oswald, who were first mentioned in 1518. In 1525 Ludwig was the sole owner. The part of George passed to his sons Arnold and Hans in 1525. After the death of Hans Arnold owned this part until his death († 1530). The son Ludwig of Wolf von Hirschberg had already taken over his father's share in 1518. From 1530 he was the sole owner of the castle until his death († 1550). The castle then passed to the brothers Paul, Mathes and Georg zu Ebnath and Mehlmeißl, in 1570 only Paul and Georg were named, in 1599 the brothers Hans and Hans Siegmund von Hirschberg. The latter is attested until 1620.

The Hofmark Ebnath remained in the hands of the Hirschberg family until the 19th century. The closed condominium property in Ebnath and Schwarzenreuth was sold on January 1, 1870 to the Counts of Castell and Rüdenhausen , who sold their property to Forst AG Ebnath in 1935 . The municipal coat of arms of Ebnath, the jumping red deer, comes from the family coat of arms of the Hirschberger. The iron hammer in the shield head reminds of the importance of the iron industry in Ebnath and Sengelau and of the mining in Mehlmeisel. The silver arrow, an attribute of St. Aegidius , refers to the patron saint of the parish church of Ebnath.

Remains of Ebnath Castle

In the middle of the village Ebnath lies the Burgberg and Kirchberg, which is crowned by the parish church of St. Giles, built in 1741. The churchyard is surrounded in the northeast, north and west by a high lining wall, which is presumably due to the curtain wall of the castle. This used to enclose the entire church area, but left out the area of ​​the "Old Vest Ebnath". A tributary of the Fichtelnaab is said to have led around the castle hill in the past .

South of the Ebneth church there is a building that is now commonly referred to as "Alte Vest Ebnath". This building, erected between 1630 and 1640, is a two-and-a-half-story quarry stone building with a hipped roof and arched windows on the ground floor. Until the renovation in 1932, it only had slit-like slits of light on the ground floor, one of which is still preserved on the west side and connected to the church with a Lourdes grotto .

Ludwig von Hirschberg may have converted the former central building of the castle into a church and had a new castle built next to it. This building is said to have been connected to the west gallery of the church by means of a brick corridor; which was demolished in 1742. The entire fortress is said to have been surrounded by a wall and had a gate tower. In front of the gate tower there should have been a drawbridge, this was then arched and finally filled. The buildings were demolished in favor of the new Ebnath Castle .


  • Detlef Knipping, Gabriele Raßhofer: Tirschenreuth district (= Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation [Hrsg.]: Monuments in Bavaria . Volume III.45 ). Karl M. Lipp Verlag, Lindenberg im Allgäu 2000, ISBN 3-87490-579-9 .
  • Ulrich Kinder: The fortifications in the Tirschenreuth district . (= Work on the archeology of southern Germany. Volume 28), pp. 96–101, Dr. Faustus, Büchenbach 2013, ISBN 978-3-933474-82-7 .
  • Hans Müller-Ihl: Hofmark Ebnath. Home on the upper Fichtelnaab. Ebnath community administration, Coburg 1979.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Archaeological findings and finds in the area of ​​the abandoned medieval castle of Ebnath
  2. ^ Battle of Ebnath in 1504
  3. 500th anniversary of the battle in the Hofmark Ebnath ( Memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.rvonh.de

Coordinates: 49 ° 57 '3.7 "  N , 11 ° 56" 24.8 "  E